BIO101 Lecture Notes - Bioplastic, Plastic Pollution, Plastic Recycling

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Bioplastic is an emerging research area because our environment shows an adverse effect due to the high consuming plastic. The petroleum-based plastic polyethylene, polypropylene polyester, polytetrafluoroethylene mainly use our daily life. Petroleum-based plastic is non-degradable as well as nonrecyclable. Increasing uses of plastic, not a particular plastic recycling technology in many countries, plastic waste dump in landfills, oceans. Every year many aquatic organisms die because of plastic waste, contaminated soil effect show on crop productivity. Bioplastic (biopolymers) research tries to solve this problem. Bioplastic first tries to replace one time useable, short time periods using plastic such as packaging, containers, begs, bottle, pots, crockery, cutlery, bowls, and straws. Bioplastic is many types based on using raw materials and their application. Bioplastic is mainly made up of starch, cellulose, polylactic acid, and. Advantages of bioplastic: the bioplastic produced from biomass, which is non-toxic, degradable, and recyclable, minimize plastic waste through bioplastic using, reduced dependency on petroleum-based plastic and market fluctuation.

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