2.5. Match the following terms with their definitions.


_____a. dataprocessing cycle

_____b. source documents

_____c. turnaround documents

_____d. source data automation

_____e. general ledger

_____f. subsidiary ledger

_____g. control account

_____h. coding

_____i. sequence code

_____j. block code

_____k. groupcode

_____l. mnemonic code

_____m. chart ofaccounts

_____n. general journal

_____o. specialized journal

_____p. audittrail

_____q. entity

_____r. attribute

_____s. field

_____t. record

_____u. datavalue

_____v. master file

_____w. transactionfile

_____x. database

_____y. batchprocessing

_____z. online, real-time processing


1. Contains summary-level data for every asset, liability, equity,revenue, and expense account

2. Items are numbered consecutively to account for all items; missingitems cause a gap in the numerical sequence

3. Path of a transaction through a data processing system from pointof origin to final output, or backward from final output to pointof origin

4. List of general ledger account numbers; allows transaction data tobe coded, classified, and entered into proper accounts; facilitatespreparation of financial statements and reports

5. Contents of a specific field, such as “George” in a name field

6. Portion of a data record that contains the data value for aparticular attribute, like a cell in a spreadsheet

7. Company data sent to an external party and then returned to thesystem as input

8. Used to record infrequent or nonroutine transactions

9. Characteristics of interest that need to be stored

10. Thesteps a company must follow to efficiently and effectively processdata about its transactions

11. Something about which information is stored

12. Storescumulative information about an organization; like a ledger in amanual AIS

13. Contains detailed data for any general ledger account with manyindividual subaccounts

14. Contains records of individual business transactions that occurduring a specific time period

15. Updating each transaction as it occurs

16. Devicesthat capture transaction data in machine-readable form at the timeand place of their origin

17. Used torecord large numbers of repetitive transactions

18. Set ofinterrelated, centrally coordinated files

19. Two ormore subgroups of digits are used to code items

20. Updating done periodically, such as daily

21. Systematic assignment of numbers or letters to items to classifyand organize them

22. Lettersand numbers, derived from the item description, are interspersed toidentify items; usually easy to memorize

23. Initialrecord of a transaction that takes place; usually recorded onpreprinted forms or formatted screens

24. Fieldscontaining data about entity attributes; like a row in aspreadsheet

25. Sets ofnumbers are reserved for specific categories of data

26. Thegeneral ledger account corresponding to a subsidiary ledger, wherethe sum of all subsidiary ledger entries should equal the amount inthe general ledger account

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Sixta Kovacek
Sixta KovacekLv2
28 Sep 2019

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