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21 Mar 2018

PROBLEM 15-15 Comprehensive Ratio Analysis (L015-2, L015-3, L015-4, L015-5, L015-6] You have just been hired as a financial analyst for Lydex Company, a manufacturer of safety hel- mets. Your boss has asked you to perform a comprehensive analysis of the company's financial statements, including comparing Lydex's performance to its major competitors. The company's financial statements for the last two years are as follows: Lydex Company Comparative Balance Sheet This Year Last Year $ 960,000 0 2,700,000 3,900,000 240,000 7,800,000 9,300,000 $17,100,000 $ 1,260,000 300,000 1,800,000 2,400,000 180,000 5,940,000 8,940,000 $14,880,000 Assets Current assets: Cash .... Marketable securities ......... Accounts receivable, net ........ Inventory .......... Prepaid expenses.......... Total current assets. ........ Plant and equipment, net ..... Total assets ............. Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity Liabilities: Current liabilities. Note payable, 10% ................. Total liabilities .... .......... Stockholders' equity: Common stock, $78 par value ......... Retained earnings .................. Total stockholders' equity .............. Total liabilities and stockholders' equity.... $ 3,900,000 3,600,000 7,500,000 $2,760,000 3,000,000 5,760,000 7,800,000 1,800,000 9,600,000 $17,100,000 7,800,000 1,320,000 9,120,000 $14,880,000 Lydex Company Comparative Income Statement and Reconciliation This Year Last Year Sales (all on account) $15,750,000 $12,480,000 Cost of goods sold .. 12,600,000 9,900,000 Gross margin ....................... 3,150,000 2,580,000 Selling and administrative expenses ...... 1,590,000 1,560,000 Net operating income.................. 1,560,000 1,020,000 Interest expense ...................... 360,000 300,000 Net income before taxes ............... 1,200,000 720,000 Income taxes (30%) 360,000 216,000 Net income ........................ 840,000 504,000 Common dividends .................. 360,000 252,000 Net income retained 480,000 252,000 Beginning retained earnings ........ 1,320,000 1,068,000 Ending retained earnings ............... $ 1,800,000 $1,320,000 To begin your assigment you gather the following financial data and ratios that are typical of companies in Lydex Company's industry: 2.3 1.2 Current ratio ...................... Acid-test ratio ..... Average collection period ...... Average sale period .... Return on assets .... Debt-to-equity ratio .......... Times interest earned ratio ......... Price-earnings ratio .......... 30 days 60 days 9.5% 0.65 5.7 10 Required: 1. You decide first to assess the company's performance in terms of debt management and profit- ability. Compute the following for both this year and last year: a. The times interest earned ratio. b. The debt-to-equity ratio. c. The gross margin percentage. d. The return on total assets. (Total assets at the beginning of last year were $12.960,000.) e. The return on equity. (Stockholders' equity at the beginning of last year totaled $9,048,000. There has been no change in common stock over the last two years.) f. Is the company's financial leverage positive or negative? Explain. You decide next to assess the company's stock market performance. Assume that Lydex's stock price at the end of this year is $72 per share and that at the end of last year it was $40. For both this year and last year, compute: a. The earnings per share. b. The dividend yield ratio. c. The dividend payout ratio. d. The price-earnings ratio. How do investors regard Lydex Company as compared to other companies in the industry? Explain. e. The book value per share of common stock. Does the difference between market value per share and book value per share suggest that the stock at its current price is a bargain? Explain. 3. You decide, finally, to assess the company's liquidity and asset management. For both this year and last year, compute: a. Working capital. b. The current ratio. The acid-test ratio. d. The average collection period. (The accounts receivable at the beginning of last year totaled $1,560,000.) e. The average sale period. (The inventory at the beginning of last year totaled $1,920,000.) f. The operating cycle. g. The total asset turnover. (The total assets at the beginning of last year totaled $14,500,000.) 4. Prepare a brief memo that summarizes how Lydex is performing relative to its competitors.

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Sixta Kovacek
Sixta KovacekLv2
22 Mar 2018

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