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QUESTION 1

A mutation caused by exposure to gamma rays is called a spontaneous mutation

a.

True

b.

False

c.

Sometimes, depending on the type of base change

d.

Gamma rays do not cause mutations

QUESTION 2

A recessive mutation affecting an essential biochemical pathway can be detected________

a.

when the organism is heterozygous for that mutation.

b.

when the organism is homozygous for that mutation.

c.

in either homozygous or heterozygous conditions.

d.

only by sequencing (recessive mutations never show a phenotype).

QUESTION 3

During DNA replication, the newly synthesized chain grows by adding

a.

nitrogenous bases

b.

the sugar-phosphate backbone

c.

nucleosides

d.

dNTPs

QUESTION 4

During replication, the DNA strand 5’- AAGTCTAGCCTAG -3’ will serve as a template for the polymerization of:

a.

5’- CTAGGCTAGACTT -3’

b.

5’ - TTCAGATCGGATC -3’

c.

5’ - GATCCGATCTGAA -3’

d.

3’ - AAGTCTAGCCTAG -5’

QUESTIOn 5

Given the following DNA sequences, select which statement(s) is(are) correct.

Sequence 1:

5’-TGGACGCTAA-3’

3’-ACCTGCGATT-5’

Sequence 2:

5’-AATCGCAGGT-3’

3’-TTAGCGTCCA-5’

Sequence 3:

5’-ACCTGCGATT-3’

3’-TGGACGCTAA-5’

a.

Sequences 1 and 2 are the same

b.

Sequences 1 and 3 are the same

c.

Sequences 2 and 3 are the same

d.

Sequences 1, 2 and 3 are all different

QUESTION 6

Repetitive sequences in the genome are hotspots for:

a.

Deamination

b.

Depurination

c.

Thymine dimer formation

d.

Replication errors

QUESTION 7

Select which statement(s) about the Ames test is(are) correct

a.

it has been designed to understand mutation repair systems in Salmonella typhimurium

b.

it uses mammalian liver extract

c.

it allows to study whether chemical compounds or their enzymatic breakdown products are mutagenic

d.

it is based on whether a chemical compound causes reversion mutations from his+ to his-

e.

two of the above are correct

f.

three of the above are correct

QUESTION 8

Select which statement(s) is(are) correct.

a.

All DNA strands have a direction, and it is specified by the carbons in the sugar backbone.

b.

All DNA strands have a direction, and it is specified by hydrogen bonds between nucleotides.

c.

In order to form proper base pairs in a double stranded DNA molecule, the two strands must run in opposite directions.

d.

A and C are correct.

e.

B and C are correct.

QUESTION 9

Studies of gene mutation frequencies have shown that:

a.

mutations are rare, and genomes are generally stable.

b.

mutation frequencies differ among organisms and also between genes, suggesting certain genes are more susceptible to mutation.

c.

mutation frequencies are consistent between organisms, and each region of DNA is equally susceptible to random mutations.


d.

Both A and B are correct.

e.

Both A and C are correct.

QUESTION 10

The compound 5-bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) is a derivative of uracil, and if BrdU becomes incorporated during DNA replication, it pairs with adenine. This compound is best classified as which type of mutagen?

a.

base analog

b.

base inducer

c.

intercalating agent

d.

oxidative agent

e.

alkylating agent

QUESTION 11

The rate of mutation of the fruit fly is higher than the rate of mutation of Algae

True

False

QUESTION 12

Thymine dimers are most commonly caused by which of the following?

a.

X-rays

b.

Alkylating agents

c.

U.V. irradiation

d.

DNA intercalating agents

QUESTION 13

What chemical group is found in the 3’ end of a DNA strand?

a.

an alcohol

b.

a hydroxyl

c.

a methyl

d.

a phosphate

QUESTION 14

What chemical group is found in the 5’ end of a DNA strand?

a.

an alcohol

b.

a hydroxyl

c.

a methyl

d.

a phosphate

QUESTION 15

Which is the correct order of molecules binding to DNA during DNA replication?

a.

Helicase, SSB, primase, DNA pol III, DNA pol I, ligase

b.

SSB, DNA pol I, ligase, helicase, DNA pol I, primase

c.

primase, helicase, DNA pol III, ligase, DNA pol I, SSB

d.

SSB, helicase, primase, DNA pol III, DNA pol I, ligase

QUESTION 16

Which statement(s) is(are) correct about strand slippage?

a.

It can cause disorders such as Huntingon disease.

b.

It is a process that causes mutations altering the number of DNA repeats.

c.

It is a process that incorporates nucleotide base analogs and trinucleotide repeats.

d.

a and b are correct.

e.

b and c are correct.

f.

a, b and c are correct.

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Bunny Greenfelder
Bunny GreenfelderLv2
29 Sep 2019
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