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23 Oct 2018

1.

Which of the following have been used by scientists to determine evolutionary relationships and divergence times between primate species or lineages?

A. evidence from the fossil record
B. behavioral observations of living primates
C. molecular phylogenies
D. all of the above
E. A and C are correct

2.

Problems with interpreting information from the fossil record include:

A. variation within one species may be misinterpreted (e.g. as multiple species rather than one)
B. differential preservation results in sample fossil populations which don’t reflect the size of past populations
C. a species sometimes has to be defined on the basis of only one fossil specimen
D. all of the above
E. none of the above; scientists don’t find any problems with interpreting fossils because the evidence is always so clear and unquestionable

3.

Cultural practices - such as those pertaining to agriculture - can play a significant role in influencing the evolution of infectious disease microbes.

True
False

4.

Populations that evolved to include high numbers of individuals with the "thrifty genotype" include higher frequencies of the following health problems:

A. influenza
B. obesity
C. diabetes
D. all of the above
E. B and C are correct

5.

Human behavior is one of the critical factors that contribute to the evolution of more virulent (harmful) bacterial and viral strains.

True
False

6.

Large agricultural and urban populations may be more vulnerable to infectious disease due to their:

A. larger population size
B. larger homes and dwelling structures
C. sedentary lifestyle
D. all of the above
E. both A and C are correct

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Jarrod Robel
Jarrod RobelLv2
24 Oct 2018

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