Lewis dot structure is basically a simplified representation of the structure of any molecule or atom. Lewis structure shows the bonding between the atoms and the lone pairs of electrons as dot.
The steps to draw Lewis structure of any molecule are as follows:
1. Write the letter symbol for each element present in the compound and draw the skeletal structure. Generally, least electronegative element is considered as the central element.
2. Count the total number of valence electrons in the molecule. In case of charged molecules subtract the positive charge from the total number of valence electrons and add the negative charge to the total number of valence electrons.
3. Assign two electrons between two atoms and join them via single bond. Place the remaining valence electrons as lone pairs such that octet of each element is achieved. Use multiple bonds to complete the octet.
Step 1: The letter symbol for carbon is ‘C’ and hydrogen is ‘H’. Hydrogen is less electronegative than oxygen but hydrogen is not considered as the central atom. The skeletal structure of is as follows:
Step 2: The electronic configuration of hydrogen is . The number of valence electrons for the hydrogen atom is 1. The electronic configuration of carbon is . The number of valence electrons for carbon atom is 6.
The total number of valence electrons in are calculated as follows:
Step 3: Distribute the valence electrons around hydrogen and carbon atoms such that the octet for each atom is satisfied.
The octet of each atom is complete. Lewis structure of is as follows:
So we can recommend you notes for your school.
Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.
Get notes from the top students in your class.