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1) As the unemployment rate rises:

A) the separation rate decreases.

B) the young and unskilled experience lower-than-average increases in unemployment.

C) the young and skilled experience larger-than-average increases in unemployment.

D) the young and unskilled experience larger-than-average increases in unemployment.

E) the proportion of the unemployed finding a job increases.

2) The natural level of employment will increase when which of the following occurs?

A) a decrease in the markup of prices over costs

B) an increase in the natural level of output

C) an increase in the actual unemployment rate

D) an increase in unemployment benefits

E) an increase in the markup of prices over costs

3) Suppose workers and firms expect the overall price level to increase by 4%. Given this information, we would expect that:

A) the real wage will decrease by 4%.

B) the real wage will increase by 4%.

C) the nominal wage will increase by less than 4%.

D) the nominal wage will increase by more than 4%.

E) the nominal wage will increase by exactly 4%.

4) An increase in the minimum wage will cause:

A) a reduction in the equilibrium real wage.

B) an increase in the natural rate of unemployment.

C) an increase in the equilibrium real wage.
D) a decrease in the natural rate of unemployment.

E) no change in the natural rate of unemployment.

5) In the aggregate demand relation, a reduction in the price level causes output to increase because of its effect on:

A) firms' markup over labor costs.

B) the nominal wage.

C) the interest rate.

D) the expected price level.

E) government spending.

6) The short-run aggregate supply curve (AS) is upward sloping because:

A) an increase in output causes an increase in employment, a reduction in unemployment, an increase in the nominal wage, and an increase in the price level.

B) a reduction in the aggregate price level causes a reduction in nominal money demand and a reduction in the interest rate.

C) a reduction in the aggregate price level (P) will cause a reduction in the interest rate and an increase in output.

D) an increase in the aggregate price level will cause an increase in the interest rate and a reduction in output.

E) an increase in the nominal wage causes a reduction in the amount of output that firms are willing to produce.

7) Assume that the economy is initially operating at the natural level of output. A simultaneous expansionary monetary policy and an increase in oil prices will cause which of the following?

A) an increase in output and a reduction in the interest rate in the short run

B) a reduction in output and an increase in the interest rate in the short run

C) a reduction in output and a reduction in the interest rate in the short run

D) an ambiguous effect in output and an increase in the price level in the short run

E) an ambiguous effect in output and a reduction in the price level in the short run

8) Assume that the economy is initially operating at the natural level of output. A one-time 4% reduction in the nominal money supply will cause:

A) a 4% increase in the price level in the medium run.

B) a 4% reduction in the price level in the medium run.

C) a 4% increase in the real money supply in the medium run.

D) a 4% increase in the interest rate (i) in the medium run.

E) a 4% reduction in investment in the medium run.

9) The original Phillips curve implied that:

A) the markup over labor costs is zero.

B) the expected inflation rate is equal to last year's inflation rate.

C) a lower rate of unemployment causes an increase in the rate of inflation.

D) the inflation is always zero.

E) the expected inflation is always zero.

10) In the Phillips curve equation, which of the following will NOT cause a rise in the current inflation rate?

A) a rise in the minimum wage

B) a rise in the expected inflation rate

C) a rise in the employment insurance

D) a drop in the markup

E) a fall in the unemployment rate

2. Using the AS and AD, WS and PS, and IS-LM graphs, illustrate and explain the short run and medium run effects of less stringent enforcement of existing antitrust legislation (Monopolist market power increased) . Explain what happens to P, Y, I, W/P, I and u.

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Joshua Stredder
Joshua StredderLv10
28 Sep 2019
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