17. Jell, Greg, Dan, and Ray all watched as the building across the street burned to the ground. They kept waiting for the fire trucks to show up, even though none of them had called 911. In this case, the fact that none of the four friends phoned to report the fire illustrates the phenomenon known as
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Critics of the trichromatic theory of colour vision have indicated that this theory has a major limitation. Which of the following statements MOST accurately reflects this limitation? A) Young and von Helmholtz were incorrect in assuming that cone photoreceptors in our retina are maximally responsive to a specific wavelength of light B) The trichromatic theory cannot explain the phenomenon of visual after-effects C) Rod photoreceptors in our retina, not cones, are responsible for the neural coding of colour D) Research has determined that there are actually six types of cones in the retina, rather than three as proposed by Young and Helmholtz E) Trichromatic theory cannot explain sensory adaptation
10. Mr. Inwood is a retired business man. He finds that his thinking pattern has changed significantly from when he was in his early thirties. According to Cattell, Mr. Inwood's thinking has progressed from using intelligence to depending more on intelligence A) the g factor, s factor B) fluid, crystallized C) verbal, performance D) non-verbal, verbal E) crystallized, fluid
28. A father believes that certain behaviours are more appropriate for boys than for girls. His wife has heard him share these beliefs and she wonders whether they are partly responsible for the fact that he relates differently to his son, with whom he tends to use more verbal and physical prohibition than he does with his daughter. In this example, the father's beliefs would be examples of , while the fact that he treats his children differently depending on their gender demonstrates the concept of A) gender identities, gender constancies B) sex-role stereotypes; gender preferences C) sex-role stereotypes; sex typing D) gender identities; sex typing E) gender identities; gender behaviour
6. Compared with unconscious information processing, conscious information processing is relatively a. fast and especially effective for solving simple problems. b. slow and especially effective for solving simple problems. c. fast and especially effective for solving complex problems. d. slow and especially effective for solving complex problems.
22. Dr. Lewis is interested in assessing the study habits of Western students. She wants to gather information about the number of hours spent in class, at a job, in extracurricular activity, exercising, sleeping, and studying for as many students as possible. Which research method should she use? A) experiment B) case study C) survey D) correlation E) observation
46. Which of the following statements about genetic transmission from parents to offspring is true? A) 46 chromosomes from the egg combine with 46 chromosomes from the sperm B) 23 chromosomes from the egg combine with 23 chromosomes from the sperm regardless of the gender of the child C) all 46 chromosomes in a developing fetus come from the egg regardless of the gender of the child D) all 46 chromosomes in a developing fetus come from the sperm regardless of the gender of the child E) all 46 chromosomes in a developing fetus come from the egg if the child is female, and all 46 chromosomes in a developing fetus come from the sperm if the child is a boy
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