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20 Sep 2018

# Suppose a researcher gave people the following problem: In a group of 100 people, 70 are pilots and 30 are bookkeepers. Of that group, one man is meek, timid, and enjoys helping people. Is he more likely to be a pilot or a bookkeeper? Most subjects would answer A) bookkeeper, demonstrating a bias toward representativeness B) bookkeeper, demonstrating a prior probability bias C) pilot, demonstrating use of the base-rate information given D) pilot, demonstrating the availability bias E) bookkeeper, demonstrating functional fixedness

Suppose a researcher gave people the following problem: In a group of 100 people, 70 are pilots and 30 are bookkeepers. Of that group, one man is meek, timid, and enjoys helping people. Is he more likely to be a pilot or a bookkeeper? Most subjects would answer A) bookkeeper, demonstrating a bias toward representativeness B) bookkeeper, demonstrating a prior probability bias C) pilot, demonstrating use of the base-rate information given D) pilot, demonstrating the availability bias E) bookkeeper, demonstrating functional fixedness

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