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University of Calgary

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U OF CGOPH 375AllWinter

Chapter 16.1.docx

OC1021023 Page
13 Mar 2013
42
Space weather changing environmental conditions in space due to varying solar activity. Organizations like cswfc forecast geomagnetic activity in polar
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U OF CGOPH 375AllWinter

GOPH 375 Lecture Notes - Chicxulub Crater, Supercontinent, Deccan Traps

OC1021023 Page
13 Mar 2013
21
For organisms to be fossilized: must have dense, robust hard parts (teeth, shells, bones) and rapid burial (not scavenged or disintegrated). Amber foss
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U OF CGOPH 375AllWinter

GOPH 375 Lecture Notes - 2003 Okanagan Mountain Park Fire, Berkeley Hills, Lightning

OC1021023 Page
13 Mar 2013
38
Canada mostly tree fires caused by people, but lightening caused fires burn more trees. Figure 14. 1/14. 3 number of fires / area burned across period
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U OF CGOPH 375AllWinter

GOPH 375 Lecture Notes - Ice Dam, Saguenay Flood, 2013 Alberta Floods

OC1021023 Page
13 Mar 2013
30
Big floods are rarer than little floods. Base flow is the part of the river that flows all the time: ground water flows in winter. Stream floors have a
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U OF CGOPH 375AllWinter

Chapter 12.1.docx

OC1021023 Page
13 Mar 2013
24
Convert heat energy of ocean into winds and waves. Hurricanes push surges (large mass of sea water) onshore and raise sea level. Long lasting: about an
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U OF CGOPH 375AllWinter

Chapter 11.docx

OC1021025 Page
13 Mar 2013
33
Global warming potential: ability of each gas to trap heat. Tipping point: when small changes produce a large effect. Hydrological cycles are not the c
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U OF CGOPH 375AllWinter

GOPH 375 Lecture Notes - Little Ice Age, Vertical Draft, Cenozoic

OC1021024 Page
13 Mar 2013
17
Weather is short term, climate is long term. Sun heats earth unequally, equator gets 2. 4x more energy than poles (steeper ray angle). Earth"s spin and
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U OF CGOPH 375AllWinter

Chapter 9 Avalanches.docx

OC1021024 Page
13 Mar 2013
38
Chapter 9: avalanches: point release usually small, slab avalanche big, huge chunk comes down. T_ creek 1989; 1 person killed, town was pre-warned. Ava
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U OF CGOPH 375AllWinter

GOPH 375 Chapter Notes - Chapter 1: Mid-Atlantic Ridge, Rock Cycle, Continental Crust

OC1021023 Page
13 Mar 2013
39
A natural disaster is a natural occurrence in which a large amount of energy is released in a short amount of time, and causes loss of life (human or o
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U OF CGOPH 375AllWinter

Chapter 16.docx

OC1021023 Page
13 Mar 2013
25
Space weather changing environmental conditions in space due to varying solar activity. Organizations like cswfc forecast geomagnetic activity in polar
View Document
U OF CGOPH 375AllWinter

GOPH 375 Lecture Notes - Permafrost, Deccan Traps, Chicxulub Crater

OC1021023 Page
13 Mar 2013
23
For organisms to be fossilized: must have dense, robust hard parts (teeth, shells, bones) and rapid burial (not scavenged or disintegrated). Amber foss
View Document
U OF CGOPH 375AllWinter

GOPH 375 Lecture Notes - Lightning, Berkeley Hills, 2003 Okanagan Mountain Park Fire

OC1021023 Page
13 Mar 2013
18
Canada mostly tree fires caused by people, but lightening caused fires burn more trees. Figure 14. 1/14. 3 number of fires / area burned across period
View Document
U OF CGOPH 375AllWinter

GOPH 375 Lecture Notes - Saguenay Flood, 2013 Alberta Floods, Ice Dam

OC1021023 Page
13 Mar 2013
26
Big floods are rarer than little floods. Base flow is the part of the river that flows all the time: ground water flows in winter. Stream floors have a
View Document
U OF CGOPH 375AllWinter

Chapter 12.docx

OC1021023 Page
13 Mar 2013
28
Convert heat energy of ocean into winds and waves. Hurricanes push surges (large mass of sea water) onshore and raise sea level. Long lasting: about an
View Document
U OF CGOPH 375AllWinter

Chapter 7-8.docx

OC1021025 Page
13 Mar 2013
31
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U OF CGOPH 375AllWinter

GOPH 375 Lecture Notes - Water Mass, Hypocenter, Submarine Landslide

OC1021023 Page
13 Mar 2013
31
Seismic risk = vulnerability x seismic hazard. Vulnerability increases with lots of population, tall buildings, highways etc. Cnsn: canadian national s
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U OF CGOPH 375AllWinter

GOPH 375 Lecture Notes - Seismogram, Wave Equation, Love Wave

OC1021027 Page
13 Mar 2013
33
Lithosphere is broken into plates: divergence zone: seafloor spreading, convergence zones: plates collide, transform faults: plates slide past each oth
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U OF CGOPH 375AllWinter

GOPH 375 Lecture Notes - Planetary Differentiation, Lithosphere, Actualism

OC1021024 Page
13 Mar 2013
55
A natural disaster is a natural occurrence in which a large amount of energy is released in a short amount of time, and causes loss of life (human or o
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