OC1156507

OC1156507

University of Toronto St. George

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UTSGPHL273H1jacobstumpWinter

PHL273H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Animal Welfare, Nez Perce People, Red Wolf

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25 Mar 2017
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Essay 2: article in the new yorker, mountain lions from los angeles. Virunga: a lot of rangers have died protecting mountain gorillas in the park. Spec
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UTSGPHL273H1jacobstumpWinter

PHL273H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Carrying Capacity, Collective Action

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25 Mar 2017
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Climate change: collective action problem, tragedy of the commons situation, today, global human population, someday there will be too many humans on e
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UTSGPHL273H1jacobstumpWinter

PHL273H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: Industrial Revolution, Carrying Capacity, Shared Universe

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25 Mar 2017
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UTSGENV100H1Barbara MurckFall

ENV100H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 48: Carbon Sequestration, Permafrost, Solar Cycle

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25 Mar 2017
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Next going to look at what might happen because of climatic changes. Human role in current climatic change we are observing. Keeling curve: based on ma
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UTSGENV100H1Barbara MurckFall

ENV100H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 42: Urban Heat Island, Nitrogen Dioxide, Tropospheric Ozone

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25 Mar 2017
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Outdoor air pollution affects climate and harms people and ecosystmes. Air pollutants = gases and particulate matter that are added to the atmosphere b
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UTSGENV100H1Barbara MurckFall

ENV100H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 44: Photosynthesis, Precautionary Principle, Ecological Pyramid

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25 Mar 2017
0
44 air pollution and stratospheric ozone depletion (iii) Several ways to measure o3: ground based = absorption spectroscopy, satellite based average oz
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UTSGENV100H1Barbara MurckFall

ENV100H1 Lecture 51: 51 - Fossil Fuels and the Future of Oil (II)

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25 Mar 2017
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Fossil fuels and the future of oil (ii) Secondary extraction: not gushing out under own power for some reason, need to inject something into it, sea wa
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UTSGENV100H1Barbara MurckFall

ENV100H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 50: Swampy, Woody Plant, Sedimentary Rock

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25 Mar 2017
0
In a broad sense they are renewable, but not on a humanly-accessible timescale. Nuclear is the only truly non-renewable energy: once you split an atom
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UTSGENV100H1Barbara MurckFall

ENV100H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 45: Nitrogen Cycle, Electromagnetic Spectrum, Designated Place

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25 Mar 2017
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UTSGENV100H1Barbara MurckFall

ENV100H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 55: Volcanic Glass, Chemical Element, Synthetic Diamond

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25 Mar 2017
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Have to mine for the components of cell phones. Material called coltan: columbite and tantalite. Unstable area in democratic republic of congo. Artisan
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UTSGENV100H1Barbara MurckFall

ENV100H1 Lecture 56: 56 – Mineral Resources and Mining (II)

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25 Mar 2017
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Many towns exist mainly because of their mining history. Different types of mines that depend on what you are mining and what type of deposit. Surface:
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UTSGENV100H1Barbara MurckFall

ENV100H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 57: Electronic Waste, Coltan, Conflict Resource

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25 Mar 2017
0
Exploration: when we look for new ore deposit. Milling crushing up the waste rock: preliminary form of processing at the site, sometimes chemicals used
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UTSGENV100H1Barbara MurckFall

ENV100H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 47: Halocarbon, Keeling Curve, Subtropics

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25 Mar 2017
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Tools for studying climatic change: direct observational method, geoligcal record, proxies. Want to get ice cores from high altitude glaciers in tropic
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UTSGENV100H1Barbara MurckFall

ENV100H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 41: Adaptive Radiation, Flightless Cormorant, Lonesome George

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25 Mar 2017
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UTSGENV100H1Barbara MurckFall

ENV100H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 53: Nimby, Net Metering, Passive Solar Building Design

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25 Mar 2017
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Largest tidal range in the world 16m. One of 3 tidal energy plants in world. Thinking about new tech in a new way. Still only supply little of our powe
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UTSGENV100H1Barbara MurckFall

ENV100H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 52: Smog, Indoor Air Quality, Hydrosphere

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25 Mar 2017
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Emerging alternatives: new because do not make up sign portion of world energy use. Today we look at: nuclear (non-renewable, biomass energy, hydropowe
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UTSGENV100H1Barbara MurckFall

ENV100H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 43: Shortwave Radio, Smog, Passive Smoking

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25 Mar 2017
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Primary pollutants come mainly from burning fossil fuels. Natural, unpolluted rain is a little acidic. Human activity has changed the balance though. D
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UTSGENV100H1Barbara MurckFall

ENV100H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 46: Atomic Number, Hydrosphere, Isotope Fractionation

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25 Mar 2017
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External forcing: orbital stuff, and stuff that comes from outside of earth system that we have no control over, sun spot cycles, luminosity of the sun
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UTSGENV100H1Barbara MurckFall

ENV100H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 40: Sea Surface Temperature, Thermal Equator, Tibetan Plateau

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25 Mar 2017
0
Winds circulate around low pressure systems in the opposite sense in the two hemispheres two cyclones going on at the same time sep 27 1998 line of clo
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UTSGENV100H1Barbara MurckFall

ENV100H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 54: Hydrogen Economy, Hydrogen Fuel, Chemical Reaction

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25 Mar 2017
0
Traditional geothermal near plate boundaries or active volcanoes. Heated water or steam to generate electricity. Patterns of geothermal activity shift
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UTSGPHL273H1jacobstumpWinter

PHL273H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Deontological Ethics, Eating Animals

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31 Jan 2017
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UTSGPHL273H1jacobstumpWinter

PHL273H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Motivated Reasoning, Naturalistic Fallacy, Eating Animals

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31 Jan 2017
1
Utilitarianism and the moral status of animals #2. Equal consideration of interests: ethical mode of thinking, my interests cannot weigh more just beca
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UTSGPHL273H1jacobstumpWinter

PHL273H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Immortal Souls, Animal Communication, Pet Rock

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31 Jan 2017
1
It has interests (a good of its own: easy to secure, a rock does not have interests for example. It would be prima facie wrong to frustrate its interes
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UTSGENV100H1Barbara MurckFall

ENV100H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 27: Crop Trust, Svalbard Global Seed Vault, Percy Schmeiser

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15 Jan 2017
1
Hand pollination preserves genetic diversity: laborious process, controlling how much diversity there is. Svalbard global seed vault: doomsday vault, n
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UTSGENV100H1Barbara MurckFall

ENV100H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 28: Fish Farming, Wild Fisheries, Mariculture

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15 Jan 2017
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More different types of organisms involved than farming on land. Where we are raising these organisms is in natural ecosystems: embedded. Raising tilap
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UTSGENV100H1Barbara MurckFall

ENV100H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 26: Drip Irrigation, Concentrated Animal Feeding Operation, Feedlot

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15 Jan 2017
1
Increased meat consumption has led to feedlot agriculture. Feedlots huge warehouses deliver energy-rich food to animals living at extremely high popula
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UTSGENV100H1Barbara MurckFall

ENV100H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 32: Carolinian Forest, Forest Ecology, Transpiration

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15 Jan 2017
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UTSGENV100H1Barbara MurckFall

ENV100H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 34: Ocean Current, Drainage Basin, Water Cycle

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15 Jan 2017
1
70% of earth"s surface covered in water. Only planet that has substantial amounts of water and liquid water shapes surface of the earth exists in all 3
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UTSGENV100H1Barbara MurckFall

ENV100H1 Lecture 36: 36 - Protecting Lakes and Wetlands

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15 Jan 2017
1
Systems that combine elements of land and water. Areas of land whose soil is saturated (inundated) permanently, seasonally or tidally: pore spaces full
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UTSGENV100H1Barbara MurckFall

ENV100H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 38: Thermohaline Circulation, Blast Fishing, Nutrient Pollution

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15 Jan 2017
1
Significant shifts in next couple of centuries. No upwelling off the coast of south america. Coral reefs: great barrier reef big losses. 25% of all mar
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UTSGENV100H1Barbara MurckFall

ENV100H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 29: Beta Diversity, Alpha Diversity, Gamma Diversity

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15 Jan 2017
1
If we destroy nature"s pharmacy, it will hurt us. Tourism directed toward exotic, often threatened, natural environmnets, especially to support conserv
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UTSGENV100H1Barbara MurckFall

ENV100H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 33: Forest Ecology, Old-Growth Forest, Pinus Ponderosa

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15 Jan 2017
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UTSGENV100H1Barbara MurckFall

ENV100H1 Lecture 35: 35 - Freshwater Systems and Water Resources (II)

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15 Jan 2017
1
Human use of surface water has environmental impacts. Downstream and transboundary impacts: flows over borders, affects the us and viceversa. Dam obstr
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UTSGENV100H1Barbara MurckFall

ENV100H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 39: Mixing Ratio, Air Mass, Relative Humidity

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15 Jan 2017
1
Atmosphere thin layer of gases that surrounds a planet or moon: earth"s. Transports and recycles water, heat, pollutants, nutrients. Human activity is
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UTSGENV100H1Barbara MurckFall

ENV100H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 24: Urban Agriculture, Crop Diversity, Sustainable Agriculture

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15 Jan 2017
1
This is our major challenge, we have a growing population. How will we feed all of these people. Almost 1 billion people do(cid:374)"t get e(cid:374)ou
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UTSGENV100H1Barbara MurckFall

ENV100H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 30: Great Slave Lake, Lake Baikal, Habitat Destruction

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15 Jan 2017
1
30 conservation of species and habitats (ii) islands don"t have to be in the ocean. Wherever you have spatial area where there is a particular type of
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UTSGENV100H1Barbara MurckFall

ENV100H1 Lecture 37: 37 - Marine and Coastal Systems (I)

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15 Jan 2017
1
Mean depth 3. 8 km (absolute darkness) More people know about the surface of the moon rather than the ocean floor. Interaction between ocean and atmosp
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UTSGENV100H1Barbara MurckFall

ENV100H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 25: Overgrazing, Overexploitation, Soil Salinity

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15 Jan 2017
4
Mechanization of farms around the world large-scale irrigation inorganic fertilizers: ability to industrially produce nitrogen in a biologically useabl
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UTSGENV100H1Barbara MurckFall

ENV100H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 31: Kudzu, Eichhornia Crassipes, Habitat Destruction

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15 Jan 2017
2
31 conservation of species and habitats (iii) Not just absolute loss, but how habitat gets broken up. Forests are home to 90% of terrestrial species. 8
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UTSGEEB215H1beckyraboyFall

EEB215H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 23: Animal Ethics, Environmental Ethics, California Condor

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15 Dec 2016
2
Judas wolves: put trackers on wolves and bring them to the populations and able to kill more wolves that way. Environmental concern: wolf prey might in
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