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MCGILLENGL 225Peter GibianWinter

ENGL 225 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Jeremiad

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25 Feb 2013
32
Early african american writings focuses upon the humanity of the african americans, that they are not brutes, and are capable of understanding and writ
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MCGILLENGL 225Peter GibianWinter

Lecture 6.docx

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25 Feb 2013
39
Landscape story, where the atmosphere of the environment sets the general tone of the story. Less rational than franklin"s and far less public/producti
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MCGILLENGL 225Peter GibianWinter

ENGL 225 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Redneck, Protestantism

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25 Feb 2013
24
An autobiography that is a secularized version of the protestant life. Americans were a direct show of what franklin considered to be bad. The drunkenn
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MCGILLENGL 225Peter GibianWinter

ENGL 225 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Deism, Self-Control, Protestantism

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25 Feb 2013
28
Rise of a new public medium, a creation of a new public, new realm of public opinion. Giving the people a voice to present themselves. To articulate is
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MCGILLENGL 225Peter GibianWinter

ENGL 225 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Everyman

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25 Feb 2013
31
Self-irony of the 18th century even at the precipice of great changes to the political system. A mobile society where stagnation is unwanted, bf wanted
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MCGILLENGL 225Peter GibianWinter

ENGL 225 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Continual Improvement Process, Fiat Money

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25 Feb 2013
34
Literacy self making, building up of knowledge. Franklin became a cultural icon, definitive of early american culture and american thinking. Representa
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MCGILLBIOL 201Greg BrownWinter

BIOL 201 Lecture Notes - Lecture 19: Organelle, Ubiquitin, Lipoprotein

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25 Feb 2013
10
Proteins are degraded into a. a. in the lysosome, which then recycles the a. a. for future use. The proteins that are destined to the lysosome have spe
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MCGILLBIOL 201Greg BrownWinter

BIOL 201 Lecture Notes - Lecture 18: Dynamin, Lysosome, Copi

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25 Feb 2013
9
Small subunit of the rubisco serves the purpose of a regulator, encoded in the nucleus, while the large subunit is the catalytic and encoded by the chl
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MCGILLBIOL 201Greg BrownWinter

BIOL 201 Lecture Notes - Lecture 17: Vesicle Fusion, Arf6, Copii

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25 Feb 2013
13
Transported first from er to cis-golgi network to trans-golgi network. When it reaches the trans-golgi network, proteins are further sorted into either
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MCGILLBIOL 201Greg BrownWinter

BIOL 201 Lecture Notes - Lecture 16: Amphiphile, Membrane Protein, Mitochondrion

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25 Feb 2013
27
Hydropathy profiles: a characteristic of a given polypeptide, a technique to identify hydrophobic domains. Each a. a. has a value on the hydropathy ind
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MCGILLBIOL 201Greg BrownWinter

BIOL 201 Lecture Notes - Lecture 15: Signal Peptidase, Secretion, Lysosome

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25 Feb 2013
12
Rubisco catalyze the transfer of co2 into ribulose, a 5c sugar, then using rubisco catalyze into 1,5 bisphosphate ribulose to form 2 3phosphogycerate m
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MCGILLBIOL 201Greg BrownWinter

BIOL 201 Lecture Notes - Lecture 14: Photophosphorylation, Nadph Dehydrogenase, Atp Synthase

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25 Feb 2013
13
The photosynthetic organisms capture light energy and use it to transfer hydrogen atoms from water to acceptor molecules, in the process forming molecu
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MCGILLBIOL 201Greg BrownWinter

Lecture 13.docx

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25 Feb 2013
10
Atp synthase has 2 parts, f1 and f0. F1 has 5 further subunits, 3 alphas, 3 betas, gamma, delta, epsilon. , alpha and beta exists in a triplet of dimer
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MCGILLBIOL 201Greg BrownWinter

BIOL 201 Lecture Notes - Lecture 12: Chemiosmosis, Porphyrin, Mitochondrion

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25 Feb 2013
13
Redox coupling: the energy released by the oxidation of nadh to nad, allows for the proton pump to pump into the intermembrane space. Proton conc. is h
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MCGILLBIOL 201Greg BrownWinter

BIOL 201 Lecture Notes - Lecture 11: Atp Synthase, Peptide, Porphyrin

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25 Feb 2013
11
Redox reactions: each electron transfer is a redox reaction. One carrier is oxidized, and the other is reduced. Succinate + fad + 2e + 2h -> fumarate +
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MCGILLBIOL 201Greg BrownWinter

BIOL 201 Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: Gluconeogenesis, Acetoacetic Acid, Atkins Diet

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25 Feb 2013
26
Humans take in enough fatty acids to sustain metabolism, most people have no need for synthesizing more fatty acids. Carboxylation of acetyl coa to for
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MCGILLBIOL 201Greg BrownWinter

BIOL 201 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Malonyl-Coa, Ketone Bodies, Gluconeogenesis

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25 Feb 2013
10
Netproduction of 4 nadh, 2 fadh2, 2 atp through the process. Added with the production of glycolysis and pyruvate oxidation, the total then would resul
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MCGILLBIOL 201Greg BrownWinter

BIOL 201 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Citric Acid, Thioester, Succinyl-Coa

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25 Feb 2013
27
Acetyl of the acetyl-coa becomes co2 while in the kreb"s cycle. Process takes place in the matrix of the mitochondria. Succinate dehydrogenase is a par
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MCGILLBIOL 201Greg BrownWinter

BIOL 201 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Protein Phosphatase, Glycogen Phosphorylase, Adenylyl Cyclase

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25 Feb 2013
14
The enzymes are not active simultaneously, to prevent wasting energy. Conditions that favor glycolysis inhibit gluconeogenesis and vice versa. Citrate
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MCGILLBIOL 201Greg BrownWinter

BIOL 201 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Phosphoenolpyruvate Carboxykinase, Pyruvate Carboxylase, Hexokinase

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25 Feb 2013
12
Glucose + 2 adp + 2pi + 2nad+ -> 2 pyruvate + 2 net atp + 2nadh + 2h+ + 2h2o. If oxygen is lacking as the final electron acceptor, fermentation would t
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MCGILLBIOL 201Greg BrownWinter

BIOL 201 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Triosephosphate Isomerase, Lactase, 3-Phosphoglyceric Acid

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25 Feb 2013
11
Stage 1: conversion of polymer into monomers through hydrolysis, ready to be absorbed. Stage 2: building up of monomers into a 2c molecule, as an inter
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MCGILLBIOL 201Greg BrownWinter

BIOL 201 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Glyceraldehyde 3-Phosphate, Isoniazid, Wallerian Degeneration

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25 Feb 2013
23
Transition state theory: how the reactants reach the energy state of the intermediate. Energy states of a molecule fluctuate, following a distribution.
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MCGILLBIOL 202Mario ChevretteWinter

BIOL 202 Lecture Notes - Lecture 18: Chromosome, Ploidy, Centromere

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25 Feb 2013
6
It is now possible to detect huntington"s disease genes. A probe of small length, around 21 bp. Raising the temperature by a bit will not pry off the p
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MCGILLBIOL 202Mario ChevretteWinter

BIOL 202 Lecture Notes - Lecture 17: Fragile X Syndrome, Intellectual Disability, Convulsion

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25 Feb 2013
5
A probe is a complementary sequence that sticks onto the restriction sites to show where the cuts were made. Restriction sites could be added and remov
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MCGILLBIOL 202Mario ChevretteWinter

BIOL 202 Lecture Notes - Lecture 15: Sodium Hydroxide, Avidin, Biotin

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25 Feb 2013
11
A pinched central region of kinetochore and centromere for division. The content-value paradox: the lack of correlation between genome size and the bio
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MCGILLBIOL 202Mario ChevretteWinter

BIOL 202 Lecture Notes - Lecture 14: Negative Frequency, Selective Sweep, Balancing Selection

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25 Feb 2013
37
Natural selection acting on a gene involved in pigmentation in moths. Light colours used to be prevalent, when the trees had a light colour. Industrial
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MCGILLBIOL 202Mario ChevretteWinter

BIOL 202 Lecture Notes - Lecture 13: Inbreeding Depression, Mutation, Retinitis Pigmentosa

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25 Feb 2013
16
Retinitis pigmentosa: retina damage and tunnel vision, etc. 5/10000 may have it, but in tristan de. Random mating in this case would generate the same
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MCGILLBIOL 202Mario ChevretteWinter

BIOL 202 Lecture Notes - Lecture 11: Covariance, Heritability

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25 Feb 2013
10
Only heritable traits are capable of being selected. In humans, heritability is tested from twins that were separated at birth. Sometimes correlation i
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MCGILLBIOL 202Mario ChevretteWinter

BIOL 202 Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: Heritability, Inbreeding, Penetrance

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25 Feb 2013
11
Expressivity refers to the degree to which an individual express the trait. The polygenic or continuously varying traits and the environment lead to a
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MCGILLBIOL 202Mario ChevretteWinter

BIOL 202 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Penetrance, Epistasis, Metabolic Pathway

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25 Feb 2013
23
Neurospora is easy to grow, simple carbon and very basic elements are enough for the wild types to grow. Mutants shouldn"t be just sick, they need to h
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MCGILLBIOL 202Mario ChevretteWinter

BIOL 202 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Osteogenesis Imperfecta, Collagen, Wild Type

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25 Feb 2013
21
Survivability expectations requires compensation in the expected values. This change results in a decrease in the degree of freedom, since information
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MCGILLBIOL 202Mario ChevretteWinter

BIOL 202 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Mitosis, Centimorgan, Centromere

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25 Feb 2013
18
Marker assisted selection: having a trait flanked by other genes allow an easier way to select traits for breeding. Hybrids bred to a tri-recessive aft
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MCGILLBIOL 202Mario ChevretteWinter

BIOL 202 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Probability Distribution, Ascus, Wild Type

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25 Feb 2013
9
It"s quite inefficient, when you think about it. Sexual female needs male to reproduce (meiosis) =99. 9% of organisms do this. Clonal female, [meiosis
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MCGILLPHGY 210Ann WechslerWinter

PHGY 210 Lecture Notes - Lecture 20: Peristalsis, Chemoreceptor Trigger Zone, Retching

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25 Feb 2013
21
Vomiting: no anti-peristaltic waves in the upper tracks. Decrease resistance to upward flow and increase pressure in the stomach. The distal stomach (i
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MCGILLPHGY 210Ann WechslerWinter

PHGY 210 Lecture Notes - Lecture 19: Pylorus, Vagotomy, Duodenum

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25 Feb 2013
19
Remember that the upper proximal stomach is for storage, while the lower distal stomach is for mixing. No peristalsis in the proximal stomach, gastric
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MCGILLPHGY 210Ann WechslerWinter

PHGY 210 Lecture Notes - Lecture 18: Sphincter, Peristalsis, Swallowing

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25 Feb 2013
23
Peristalsis is a wave of contraction moving over the wall of the organ that is a continuous narrowing process that pressure food away from the mouth. E
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MCGILLPHGY 210Ann WechslerWinter

PHGY 210 Lecture Notes - Lecture 17: Inferior Pharyngeal Constrictor Muscle, Epiglottis, Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptor

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25 Feb 2013
30
Non-git hormones may influence growth and development of the git. Git hormones may influence activities outside of the git. E. g. ghrelin is secreted b
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MCGILLPHGY 210Ann WechslerWinter

PHGY 210 Lecture Notes - Lecture 16: Energy Recovery, Myenteric Plexus, Preganglionic Nerve Fibers

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25 Feb 2013
30
The food enters the digestive system, which is then catabolically broken down into absorbable molecules are formed. Post-absorption, they are then proc
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MCGILLPHGY 210Ann WechslerWinter

PHGY 210 Lecture Notes - Lecture 15: Vascular Resistance, Fibrous Cap, Arteriovenous Oxygen Difference

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25 Feb 2013
26
The mean blood pressure does not change, thus allowing for the person not to faint when standing up. When standing up, the blood flows out of the chest
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MCGILLPHGY 210Ann WechslerWinter

PHGY 210 Lecture Notes - Lecture 14: Aldosterone, Baroreflex, Mechanoreceptor

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25 Feb 2013
24
The parasympathetic control of the heart rate, medulla oblongata to a ganglion, through acetylcholine transduction, nicotinic receptor. Post-ganglionic
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