# OC1591374

## Ryerson University

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RYERSONPCS 227KarshafianWinter

## PCS 227- Midterm Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 12 pages long!)

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11 Oct 2017
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Chapter 12 | temperature and heat | notes. Temperature in kelvin (k): (cid:1846)=(cid:1846)+(cid:884)(cid:889)(cid:885). (cid:883)(cid:887) (cid:1846)(
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RYERSONPCS 227KarshafianWinter

## PCS 227 Chapter Notes - Chapter 16: Sound, Seasonality, Sound Intensity

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19 Apr 2017
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Sound: sound is a mechanical energy transmitted by pressure waves in a material medium, mechanical energy is the physical movement of molecules, sounds
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RYERSONPCS 227KarshafianWinter

## PCS 227 Chapter Notes - Chapter 14: Ideal Gas Law, Gas Constant, Elastic Collision

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19 Apr 2017
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Chapter 14 | ideal gas law and kinetic theory | notes. Ideal gas law is a relationship among the four state variables (p,v,n and t) that characterize a
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RYERSONPCS 227KarshafianWinter

## PCS 227 Chapter Notes - Chapter 12: Thermal Expansion, International System Of Units, Heat Capacity

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19 Apr 2017
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Chapter 12 | temperature and heat | notes. Temperature in kelvin (k): (cid:1846)=(cid:1846)+(cid:884)(cid:889)(cid:885). (cid:883)(cid:887) (cid:1846)(
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8 Mar 2017
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## BLG 143 Chapter 16: Biology Study Notes Chapter 16

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8 Mar 2017
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Characteristics of rna polymerase: an rna polymerase performs a template di(cid:396)e(cid:272)ted s(cid:455)(cid:374)thesis i(cid:374) the 5" to 3" di(
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## BLG 143 Chapter Notes - Chapter 15: Central Dogma Of Molecular Biology, The Sequence, Organelle

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8 Mar 2017
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15. 1 what do genes do: alleles that do not function at all are called knock out null, or loss of function alleles. The one gene, one enzyme hypothesis
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## BLG 143 Chapter 14: Biology Study Notes Chapter 14

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8 Mar 2017
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Nitrogen containing bases: dna"s se(cid:272)o(cid:374)dar(cid:455) stru(cid:272)ture (cid:272)o(cid:374)sists of t(cid:449)o stra(cid:374)ds i(cid:374)
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8 Mar 2017
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## BLG 143 Chapter 12: Biology Study Notes Chapter 12

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8 Mar 2017
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Single thread: a replicated chromosome contains two chromatids. Paired threads: both still considered single chromosomes. Meiosis is two cell divisions
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## BLG 143 Chapter Notes - Chapter 6: Electrochemical Gradient, Lipid Bilayer, Potassium Channel

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8 Mar 2017
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Chapter 6 lipids, membranes and the first cells. Molecules that contain only carbon and hydrogen atoms are called hydrocarbons; these molecules are non
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## BLG 143 Chapter 4: Chapter 4 – Nucleic Acids and the RNA world

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8 Mar 2017
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Chapter 4 nucleic acids and the rna world. Nucleic acids are polymers; the subunit or monomer of a nucleic acid are called nucleotides. These nucleotid
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## BLG 143 Chapter 5: Chapter 5 – An introduction to Carbohydrates

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8 Mar 2017
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The carbonyl group that can be found at the end of the molecule is responsible for distinguishing the features of the monosaccharide. Carbons are numbe
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## BLG 143 Chapter 3: Chapter 3 – Protein Structure and Function

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8 Mar 2017
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3. 1 early origin of life experiments. Chemical evolution began with small organic compounds such as formaldehyde (h2co) and hydrogen cyanide (hcn). Fo
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## BLG 143 Chapter Notes - Chapter 2: Electron Shell, Hydrogen Bond, Atomic Nucleus

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8 Mar 2017
2
2. 1 atoms, ions and molecules: the building blocks of. Chemical evolution: the focus on structure follows from one of the most central themes in biolo
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## BLG 143 Chapter 1: Chapter 1 Notes

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8 Mar 2017
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1. 1 what does it mean to say that something is alive. Although there is no simple de nition of life that is used ball biologists, most agree that orga
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RYERSONBLG 144Andrew LaursenWinter

## BLG 144 Chapter 27: Chapter 27

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8 Mar 2017
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Chapter 27 |phylogenies and the history of life | biology. Cenozoic era: the paleozoic era begins with the appearance of most major animal lineages and
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RYERSONBLG 144Andrew LaursenWinter

## BLG 144 Chapter 26: Chapter 26

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8 Mar 2017
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If gene flow ends, allele frequencies in isolated populations are free to diverge meaning that the populations begin to evolve independently of each ot
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RYERSONBLG 144Andrew LaursenWinter

## BLG 144 Chapter 25: Chapter 25

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8 Mar 2017
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A small gene pool indicates low genetic diversity, reduced chances of acquiring biological fitness, and increased possibility of extinction: gene pool
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RYERSONBLG 144Andrew LaursenWinter

## BLG 144 Chapter Notes - Chapter 24: Goose Bumps, Geologic Time Scale, Natural Selection

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8 Mar 2017
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Chapter 24 | evolution by natural selection | biology. Lamarck proposed an idea in 1809 that species change through time. generated and then evolved in
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RYERSONPCS 130Juliana CarvalhoWinter

## PCS 130 Chapter 42: Chapter 42

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8 Mar 2017
3
The nucleus is a tiny speck in the center of a vastly large atom. Even though the nucleus is so small, it makes up 99. 9% of its mass. The nucleus is c
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RYERSONPCS 130Juliana CarvalhoWinter

## PCS 130 Chapter 32: Chapter 32

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8 Mar 2017
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It has both a magnitude, which we call the: the magnetic field exerts forces on magnetic poles. The magnetic field vector (cid:1828) is perpendicular t
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RYERSONPCS 130Juliana CarvalhoWinter

## PCS 130 Chapter 14: Chapter 14

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8 Mar 2017
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These are the turning points of the motion. The velocity is positive as it moves to the right and graph is as follows. (cid:1876)(cid:4666)(cid:1872)(c
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RYERSONCHY 103Sharonna GreenbergFall

## CHY 103 Quiz: Chemistry Review Questions (2-20) Chapter 1

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8 Mar 2017
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The difference between solids, liquids, and gases at a molecular level is how much room the atoms have to move around. In solids, the atoms are packed
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RYERSONCHY 103Sharonna GreenbergFall

## CHY 103 Chapter Notes - Chapter 16: Sodium Chloride, Phenolphthalein, Titration Curve

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8 Mar 2017
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In this way, a buffer can maintain a nearly constant ph: a buffer must contain significant amounts of both a weak acid and its conjugate base. Consider
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RYERSONCHY 103Sharonna GreenbergFall

## CHY 103 Chapter Notes - Chapter 15: National Hockey Association, Alkali Metal, Bicarbonate

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8 Mar 2017
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A base accepts a proton and becomes a conjugate acid. An acid donates a proton and becomes a conjugate base. 15. 4 acid strength and the acid ionizatio
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RYERSONCHY 103Sharonna GreenbergFall

## CHY 103 Chapter Notes - Chapter 143: Intermolecular Force, Reaction Quotient, North American Racing Team

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8 Mar 2017
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If the reaction occurs in the gas phase, the more appropriate way to write the equilibrium would be write the equation as pressures: (cid:1837)(cid:303
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RYERSONCHY 103Sharonna GreenbergFall

## CHY 103 Chapter 12: Chemistry Study Notes

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8 Mar 2017
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When the barrier between the two gases is removed, each gas along with its kinetic energy - becomes spread out or dispersed over large volume. The effe
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RYERSONCHY 103Sharonna GreenbergFall

## CHY 103 Chapter 6: Chemistry Study Notes Chapter 6 Thermochemistry (Autosaved)

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8 Mar 2017
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If the system loses energy, the surroundings gain the same exact amount of energy and vise versa. Internal energy: the internal energy of a system is t
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RYERSONCHY 103Sharonna GreenbergFall

## CHY 103 Chapter 5: Chemistry Chapter 5 Study Notes

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8 Mar 2017
4
Gas pressure: the force exerted per unit area by gas molecules as they strike the surfaces around them. Lower pressure is the result of fewer collision
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RYERSONCHY 103Sharonna GreenbergFall

## CHY 103 Chapter 4: Chapter 4 Chemistry – Chemical Rxn’s

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8 Mar 2017
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RYERSONPOL 128Zboralski JosephWinter

## POL 128 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: King Power, Special Relationship, Decision-Making

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6 Mar 2017
7
According to aristotle politics is the master science (touches on all aspects of life) Origin: comes from the greek word polis (city, first politic exp
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