OC176947

University of Waterloo

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UWPSYCH261Daniel SmilekSpring

PSYCH261 Chapter Notes - Chapter 15: Irritable Bowel Syndrome, Postpartum Depression, Endocrine System

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28 Nov 2015
18
Major depression (feel sad and helpless every day for weeks at a time) Little energy, feel worthless, contemplate suicide, trouble sleeping, cannot con
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UWPSYCH261Daniel SmilekSpring

PSYCH261 Chapter Notes - Chapter 13: Red Nucleus, Cerebral Cortex, Cerebellum

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28 Nov 2015
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Classical conditioning (pairing two stimuli changes the response to one of them) Pairing cs + ucs ucr cr. Cs (sound) + ucs (meat) ucr cs = cr (salivati
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UWPSYCH261Daniel SmilekSpring

PSYCH261 Chapter Notes - Chapter 6.1: Ganglion Cell, Sensory Neuroscience, Visual Perception

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28 Nov 2015
24
You perceive something only when it alters your brain activity. When you see a tree for example, your perception is not in the tree. Green grass greenn
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UWPSYCH261Daniel SmilekSpring

PSYCH261 Chapter Notes - Chapter 12: Insular Cortex, Autonomic Nervous System, Sympathetic Nervous System

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28 Nov 2015
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Emotional situations arouse the autonomic nervous system sympathetic and parasympathetic. Sympathetic ns (fight or flight responses ex. Nausea stimulat
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UWPSYCH261Daniel SmilekSpring

PSYCH261 Chapter 7: Psych 261 Ch 7 notes

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28 Nov 2015
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UWPSYCH261Daniel SmilekSpring

PSYCH261 Chapter Notes - Chapter 5: Neural Development, Neural Tube, Intellectual Disability

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28 Nov 2015
21
Cns forms when embryo is about 2 weeks old. Growth and development: proliferation (production of new cells) Early development cells lining the ventricl
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UWPSYCH261Daniel SmilekSpring

PSYCH261 Chapter Notes - Chapter 3: Excitatory Postsynaptic Potential, Reflex Arc, Postsynaptic Potential

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28 Nov 2015
12
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UWPSYCH261Daniel SmilekSpring

PSYCH261 Chapter Notes - Chapter 4: Dorsal Root Ganglion, Sympathetic Nervous System, Sympathetic Ganglion

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28 Nov 2015
10
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UWPSYCH261Daniel SmilekSpring

PSYCH261 Chapter Notes - Chapter 9: Circadian Rhythm, Circadian Clock, Flying Squirrel

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28 Nov 2015
5
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UWPSYCH261Daniel SmilekSpring

PSYCH261 Chapter Notes - Chapter 14: Visual Cortex, Flash Suppression, Backward Masking

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28 Nov 2015
13
Mind-body/brain problem (what is the relationship between the mind and the brain?) Dualism (belief that mind and body are different kinds of substance
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UWPSYCH261Daniel SmilekSpring

PSYCH261 Chapter Notes - Chapter 2: Camillo Golgi, Endoplasmic Reticulum, Chemical Synapse

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28 Nov 2015
23
Camillo golgi (before cajal, found way to stain nerve cells with silver salts) Membrane/ plasma membrane (surface of a cell, separates inside of the ce
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UWPSYCH261Daniel SmilekSpring

PSYCH261 Chapter Notes - Chapter 6.2, 6.3: Lateral Geniculate Nucleus, Optic Chiasm, Amacrine Cell

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28 Nov 2015
13
Rods + cones make synapses with horizontal cells and bipolar cells. Horizontal cells make inhibitory contact onto bipolar cells. Bipolar cells synapses
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UWPSYCH261Daniel SmilekSpring

PSYCH261 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Phantom Limb, Peripheral Nervous System, Central Nervous System

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28 Nov 2015
4
Axons can regenerate particularly in the peripheral nervous system. Central nervous system (very little movement in regeneration of axons) Cns (you get
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UWPSYCH261Daniel SmilekSpring

PSYCH261 Chapter Notes - Chapter 1: Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, David Chalmers, Bernhard Rensch

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28 Nov 2015
11
Why is there something rather than nothing? (gottfried leibniz: string theory: Four fundamental forces (gravity, electromagnetism, the strong nuclear f
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UWPSYCH261Daniel SmilekSpring

PSYCH261 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Tryptophan, Small Molecule, Stimulant

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28 Nov 2015
3
Neuropeptides (large protein molecules + gaseous neurotransmitters (gas molecules) Small molecule neurotransmitters (monoamines modified acids & amino
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UWPSYCH261Daniel SmilekSpring

PSYCH261 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Hallucinogen, Caffeine, Stimulant

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28 Nov 2015
5
Drugs that cause distorted sense of consciousness. Drugs have their effects because they mimic certain internal chemicals. When they bind to the seroto
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UWPSYCH261Daniel SmilekSpring

PSYCH261 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Radial Glial Cell, Schwann Cell, Neuroglia

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28 Nov 2015
5
Schwann cell (creates an axon to reconnect to the other cells) Radial glia (help guide the radiation where to go, after the brain matures and develops,
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UWPSYCH261Daniel SmilekSpring

PSYCH261 Lecture Notes - Lecture 12: Hair Cell, Cochlea, Endolymph

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28 Nov 2015
5
Segment of the basal membrane that has hair cells that specifically responsive to particular frequency of sound. Entire basilar membrane vibrates in sy
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UWPSYCH261Daniel SmilekSpring

PSYCH261 Lecture Notes - Lecture 18: Heritability, Serotonin Transporter, Prefrontal Cortex

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28 Nov 2015
4
Postsynaptic cell releases retrograde transmitter which goes back to the presynaptic cell. Expansion of axons (surface area) get more larger terminal b
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UWPSYCH261Daniel SmilekSpring

PSYCH261 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Neural Darwinism, Synaptogenesis, Frontal Lobe

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28 Nov 2015
2
Proliferation of neurons: migration (neurons going to certain locations, differentiation (neuron gets its particular axons and dendrites that give it a
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UWPSYCH261Daniel SmilekSpring

PSYCH261 Lecture Notes - Lecture 15: Orbitofrontal Cortex, Cortisol, Botulinum Toxin

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28 Nov 2015
6
Creating certain body actions may slightly influence emotion. Smiling (can change your own emotional evaluation/personal feeling of something) Paralyze
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UWPSYCH261Daniel SmilekSpring

PSYCH261 Lecture Notes - Lecture 11: Visual Agnosia, Temporal Lobe, Akinetopsia

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28 Nov 2015
5
Ability to perceive shape the same way despite different angles and size. Inability to recognize objects by sight (can see features of the objects but
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UWPSYCH261Daniel SmilekSpring

PSYCH261 Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: Color Vision, Blindsight, Retina

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28 Nov 2015
11
Reduction of activity in one neuron by activation of its neighbours. By activating one neuron, that neuron will inhibit activation of others. Light hit
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UWPSYCH261Daniel SmilekSpring

PSYCH261 Lecture Notes - Lecture 14: Periodic Limb Movement Disorder, Amygdala, Narcolepsy

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28 Nov 2015
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Relaxation stg 1-4 stg 4-2 (then less of stg 1-4 and more of rem sleep) Newborns get a lot of rem sleep (until the teens) Positive correlation between
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UWPSYCH261Daniel SmilekSpring

PSYCH261 Lecture Notes - Lecture 17: Retrograde Amnesia, Short-Term Memory, Spatial Memory

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28 Nov 2015
5
Damage to hippocampus interrupt with the most recent learned information. More consolidation less dependent on the hippocampus. Low to moderate cortiso
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UWPSYCH261Daniel SmilekSpring

PSYCH261 Lecture Notes - Lecture 16: Startle Response, Amygdala, Cochlea

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28 Nov 2015
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Auditory information cochlea nucleus in medulla pons muscle tension. Muscles tense to protect your neck and your head. Associate shock with light measu
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UWPSYCH261Daniel SmilekSpring

PSYCH261 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Edwin Smith Papyrus, Herophilos, Common Era

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28 Nov 2015
6
Trepanation (cut open the skull/ hole in the skull) Edwin smith surgical papyrus (about 5000 years old, provide good description of some aspects of the
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UWPSYCH261Daniel SmilekSpring

PSYCH261 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Inferior Temporal Gyrus, Frontal Lobe, Temporal Lobe

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28 Nov 2015
5
Types of cells and the way they were organized changed based on the cortex. Cuneus (upper bank of calcarine) lower visual field lower bank higher visua
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UWPSYCH261Daniel SmilekSpring

PSYCH261 Lecture Notes - Lecture 13: Intralaminar Nuclei Of Thalamus, Capsaicin, Thalamus

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28 Nov 2015
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Touch ipsilateral side up to medulla and then contralateral side. Ventral posterior and intralaminar nuclei of the thalamus (relay of sensory informati
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UWPSYCH261Daniel SmilekSpring

PSYCH261 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: David Chalmers, Spinal Cord, Cerebral Cortex

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28 Nov 2015
5
The brain and the workings of the brain essentially are the mind (no other substance that is separate from the brain) Reductionism (reducing the mind i
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UWPSYCH261Daniel SmilekSpring

PSYCH261 Lecture Notes - Lecture 19: Stroop Effect, Fusiform Gyrus, Prefrontal Cortex

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28 Nov 2015
5
Condition #1: word flash on the screen, if flashed long enough, you can see the word. #2: flash word very briefly (precede the word by some sort of pat
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UWPSYCH257Pamela SeedsWinter

PSYCH257 Chapter Notes - Chapter 16: Involuntary Commitment, Intellectual Disability, Comorbidity

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28 Nov 2015
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How we treat people with psychological disorders is in part a function of how society views them. As public opinion of people with mental illness chang
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UWPSYCH257Pamela SeedsWinter

PSYCH257 Chapter Notes - Chapter 15: Therapeutic Drug Monitoring, Olanzapine, Adverse Drug Reaction

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28 Nov 2015
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Delirium (temporary condition displayed as confusion and disorientation) Mild/major neurocognitive disorder (progressive condition marked by gradual de
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UWPSYCH257Pamela SeedsWinter

PSYCH257 Chapter Notes - Chapter 10: Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder, Premature Ejaculation, Retrograde Ejaculation

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28 Nov 2015
26
Adolescent (among sexually active, oral contraceptive used most common than condom use) Frequency also greater for men than women. Much higher % of men
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UWPSYCH257Pamela SeedsWinter

PSYCH257 Chapter Notes - Chapter 13: Thought Disorder, Psychosis, Bipolar Disorder

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28 Nov 2015
15
Schizophrenia (broad spectrum of cognitive and emotional dysfunctions including delusions and hallucinations, disorganized speech and behaviour, and in
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UWPSYCH257Pamela SeedsWinter

PSYCH257 Chapter Notes - Chapter 12: Histrionic Personality Disorder, Narcissistic Personality Disorder, Antisocial Personality Disorder

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28 Nov 2015
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When personality characteristics interfere with relationships with others, cause the person distress, or in general disrupt activities of daily living.
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UWPSYCH257Pamela SeedsWinter

PSYCH257 Chapter Notes - Chapter 8: Binge Eating, Eating Disorder, Junk Food

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28 Nov 2015
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Binges (followed by self-induced vomiting, excessive use of laxatives, other attempts to purge/get rid of the food) Highest mortality rate of any psych
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UWPSYCH257Pamela SeedsWinter

PSYCH257 Chapter Notes - Chapter 7: Altruistic Suicide, Reuptake, Twin Study

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28 Nov 2015
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UWPSYCH257Pamela SeedsWinter

PSYCH257 Chapter Notes - Chapter 5: Sleep Paralysis, Brainstem, Culture Of Taiwan

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28 Nov 2015
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UWPSYCH257Pamela SeedsWinter

PSYCH257 Chapter Notes - Chapter 6: Dissociative Identity Disorder, Panic Disorder, Somatization Disorder

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28 Nov 2015
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Somatic symptom disorders (preoccupation with their health or appearance becomes so great that it dominates their lives) Excessive/maladaptive response
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