OC25259

University of Alberta

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U OF APSYCO105Davina RousellWinter

PSYCO105 Chapter Notes - Chapter 15: Homeopathy, Unconditional Positive Regard, Systematic Desensitization

OC252599 Page
2 Nov 2015
33
Visual reality therapy: use virtual reality goggles to treat fears (ex. flying) Personal costs: anguish, interference in daily life (ex. fear of encoun
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U OF APSYCO105Davina RousellWinter

PSYCO105 Chapter Notes - Chapter 12: 18 Months, Phallic Stage, Ower

OC252597 Page
2 Nov 2015
34
Personality: individual"s characteristic styles of behaving, thinking, and feeling develops naturally. Characteristics include honesty, anxiousness, mo
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U OF APSYCO105Davina RousellWinter

PSYCO105 Chapter Notes - Chapter 13: Body Shape, Direct Comparison Test, Kin Selection

OC252597 Page
2 Nov 2015
45
Solitary confinement has been known to break the body and destroy the mind social interaction is vital for humans. Florid delirium = confusion, paranoi
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U OF APSYCO105Davina RousellWinter

PSYCO105 Chapter Notes - Chapter 16: Hypochondriasis, Sick Role, Prefrontal Cortex

OC252598 Page
2 Nov 2015
27
Fear can cause physiological reactions that result in death. Stressors: specific events that place demand on a person or threaten their well being. Str
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U OF APSYCO105Davina RousellWinter

PSYCO105 Chapter Notes - Chapter 14: Birth Weight, Dissociative Disorder, Basal Ganglia

OC252598 Page
2 Nov 2015
23
Virginia wolfe had bipolar disorder and killed herself. Extreme depression vs mania (kept talking for days, wrote nonsense, heard voices, and saw ghost
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U OF APSYCO105Davina RousellWinter

PSYCO105 Chapter Notes - Chapter 11: Egocentrism, Trolley Problem, Mental Model

OC252598 Page
2 Nov 2015
24
Adolf hitler loved art and his mother lived on the streets for a few years after his mother died. Development psychology: study of continuity and chang
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U OF APSYCO105Davina RousellWinter

PSYCO105 Chapter Notes - Chapter 10: Block Design, Memory Span, Twin

OC252597 Page
2 Nov 2015
28
William"s syndrome: missing gene on chromosome 7 leads to deficits in cognitive abilities (ex. counting, elfish features and a gift and music and speec
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U OF APSYCO105Davina RousellWinter

PSYCO105 Chapter Notes - Chapter 2: Frequency Distribution, Syphilis, Nuremberg Code

OC252595 Page
2 Nov 2015
29
Louise hay: claimed she cured herself of cancer by changing how she thinks. To see if a claim is true, we have to go out and see for yourself. Methods
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U OF APSYCO105Davina RousellWinter

PSYCO105 Chapter Notes - Chapter 9: Validity, Prospect Theory, Frontal Lobe

OC252597 Page
2 Nov 2015
21
All social species have a method of communication (ex. honeybee dance shows direction and distance from food) Language: signals that follow grammatical
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U OF APSYCO275Deanna SinghalWinter

PSYCO275 Chapter Notes - Chapter 3: Franz Nissl, Pyramidal Cell, Temporal Lobe

OC252599 Page
2 Nov 2015
17
Central nervous system (cns): located in skull (brain) and spine (spinal cord) Peripheral nervous system (pns): located outside skull and spine. Somati
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U OF APSYCO275Deanna SinghalWinter

PSYCO275 Chapter Notes - Chapter 6: Apple Community, Scotoma, Inferior Temporal Gyrus

OC252595 Page
2 Nov 2015
12
Tip of microelectrode is positioned near neuron. Eye muscles are paralyzed to prevent eye movement. Receptive field: area in the visual field where it"
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U OF APSYCO275Deanna SinghalWinter

PSYCO275 Chapter Notes - Chapter 7: Prefrontal Cortex, Neuroglia, Glossopharyngeal Nerve

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2 Nov 2015
11
Case: man couldn"t see more than one thing at a time. He could identify complex pictures if there was only one object. Case: man who mistook his wife f
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U OF APSYCO275Deanna SinghalWinter

PSYCO275 Chapter Notes - Chapter 5: Pipette, Operant Conditioning, Ejaculation

OC252599 Page
2 Nov 2015
21
Brain tumour of right auditory-vestibular cranial nerves had to get cut out. Put cold water in ear didn"t feel anything. Checked somatosensory cortex b
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U OF APSYCO275Deanna SinghalWinter

PSYCO275 Chapter Notes - Chapter 1: Neuropsychology, Use Case, Eye Movement

OC252595 Page
2 Nov 2015
22
Made of network of neurons (cells that transmit electrochemical signals) with trillions of pathways. Neuroanatomy: study of structures of nervous syste
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U OF APSYCO275Deanna SinghalWinter

PSYCO275 Chapter Notes - Chapter 4: Botulinum Toxin, Anandamide, Autonomic Nervous System

OC252595 Page
2 Nov 2015
18
Neurons release neurotransmitters that bind to receptors on postsynaptic cells to induce epsp or ipsp. Axodendritic: axon terminal button synapse on de
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U OF APSYCO275Deanna SinghalWinter

PSYCO275 Chapter Notes - Chapter 2: Allosome, Genetic Code, Intellectual Disability

OC252596 Page
2 Nov 2015
8
Universe is made of two elements physical matter (behave according to laws of nature and suitable for scientific investigation) and the human mind (sou
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U OF ASOC225Bryan HogeveenFall

SOC225 Chapter Notes - Chapter 16: Organized Crime, Network Model, Loan Shark

OC252598 Page
13 Sep 2015
43
Criminal organization: 3 or more people in or outside canada whose main purpose is to facilitate offences that have materialistic benefit. Doesn"t incl
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U OF ASOC225Bryan HogeveenFall

SOC225 Chapter Notes - Chapter 13: Ethnic Group, Empiricism, Egotism

OC252594 Page
13 Sep 2015
46
Symbolic interaction: how people interpret social situations and negotiate their meaning with others. Focuses on what happens to an individual once dev
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U OF ASOC225Bryan HogeveenFall

SOC225 Chapter Notes - Chapter 8: Puritans, Determinant, Intellectual Disability

OC252598 Page
13 Sep 2015
51
Ontology: way of thinking about and being in the world (ex. religious discourse) shifts and changes over time. Crime was based on religious beliefs and
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U OF ASOC225Bryan HogeveenFall

SOC225 Chapter Notes - Chapter 9: Interpersonal Communication, Social Learning Theory, Impulsivity

OC252599 Page
13 Sep 2015
38
Based on the effect of learning and personality on an individual"s behaviour. Assumption of offender default: assumption that something is psychologica
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U OF ASOC225Bryan HogeveenFall

SOC 225 Chapter 15: Chapter 15 - Deterrence, Routine Activity and Rational Choice Theories

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13 Sep 2015
42
Severe enough that people don"t find law-breaking to be in their best interest. The law/police is an effective deterrent for small crimes (ex. speeding
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U OF ASOC225Bryan HogeveenFall

SOC225 Chapter Notes - Chapter 12: Critical Criminology, English Canada, Homo Sacer

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13 Sep 2015
67
Everyone is critical to a certain degree (ex. movie, music, clothing) Challenge criminal justice system - focus on minimizing criminal opportunities ra
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U OF ASOC225Bryan HogeveenFall

SOC 225 Chapter 14: Chapter 14 - Social Control Theory

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13 Sep 2015
37
Social control theory: humans are neither good or evil but we are born with capacity to do wrong. People don"t become criminals because they don"t want
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U OF ASOC225Bryan HogeveenFall

SOC 225 Chapter 10: Chapter 10 - Strain Theories

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13 Sep 2015
61
Consensus perspective/ functionalism: societies have a tendency to maintain a state of relative equilibrium through principle institutions (ex. family,
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U OF ASOC225Bryan HogeveenFall

SOC225 Chapter Notes - Chapter 4: Embezzlement, Numerology, Victimless Crime

OC252597 Page
13 Sep 2015
35
Need to rely on stats of criminal behaviours, criminals, and the criminal justice system to understand crime. Reliability: consistency of results over
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U OF ASOC225Bryan HogeveenFall

SOC225 Chapter Notes - Chapter 5: Embezzlement, Ower, Indian Register

OC252598 Page
13 Sep 2015
40
Correlation: relationship between 2 phenomena that are related, occur or vary together. Phenomena associated with crime: age, sex, race, drug abuse, so
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U OF ASOC225Bryan HogeveenFall

SOC225 Chapter Notes - Chapter 1: The World Academy Of Sciences, Gambling, Legal Drinking Age

OC252596 Page
13 Sep 2015
47
Crime is a public concern (found in newspapers) and is a form of entertainment (movies, tv shows, video games) Criminology: study of crime and criminal
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U OF APSYCO258Blaine MullinsWinter

PSYCO258 Chapter Notes - Chapter 5: Short-Term Memory, Long-Term Memory, Forgetting Curve

OC252597 Page
19 Apr 2014
42
Woman picked the wrong guy as the one who raped her from a suspect lineup it was actually committed by a guy who looked similar and was in jail. Memory
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U OF APSYCO258Blaine MullinsWinter

PSYCO258 Chapter Notes - Chapter 13: Subliminal Stimuli, Neutral Nation, Homophone

OC252594 Page
19 Apr 2014
24
Positive feelings improve creative thinking (ex. eating candy or watching a funny film) Dopamine: involved in rewards and pleasure increase in dopamine
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U OF APSYCO258Blaine MullinsWinter

PSYCO258 Chapter Notes - Chapter 12: Fluid And Crystallized Intelligence, Neuroplasticity, Theory Of Multiple Intelligences

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19 Apr 2014
19
Only accounts for variability in performance intelligent people must also still work hard (start early, labour continuously, never give up a cause) Cry
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U OF APSYCO258Blaine MullinsWinter

PSYCO258 Chapter Notes - Chapter 8: Eleanor Rosch, Necessity And Sufficiency, Explicit Knowledge

OC252596 Page
19 Apr 2014
22
Knowledge: information or skills acquired through experience. Includes identifying features, classifying, making decisions, problem solving, reasoning.
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U OF APSYCO258Blaine MullinsWinter

PSYCO258 Chapter Notes - Chapter 9: Language Acquisition Device, Transformational Grammar, Universal Grammar

OC2525910 Page
19 Apr 2014
25
Mcguffey"s first eclectic reader: textbook written in 1870s that taught kids how to read. Diacritical marks: symbols above letters that indicated corre
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U OF APSYCO258Blaine MullinsWinter

PSYCO258 Chapter Notes - Chapter 11: Deductive Reasoning, Duration Neglect, Mental Model

OC252595 Page
19 Apr 2014
22
Patient b had a longer surgery but rated his discomfort lower. Peak-end task: experience of pain depends on highest level of pain experienced and the p
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U OF APSYCO258Blaine MullinsWinter

PSYCO258 Chapter Notes - Chapter 5: Dorsolateral Prefrontal Cortex, Short-Term Memory, Long-Term Memory

OC2525914 Page
19 Apr 2014
27
Woman picked the wrong guy as the one who raped her from a suspect lineup it was actually committed by a guy who looked similar and was in jail. Memory
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U OF APSYCO258Blaine MullinsWinter

PSYCO258 Chapter Notes - Chapter 4: Stroop Effect, Dorsolateral Prefrontal Cortex, Attentional Blink

OC252597 Page
19 Apr 2014
22
Train accidents in bc and california were caused by lack of attention of conductors (distracted by cell phones) Acknowledged the 2 advance warning sign
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U OF APSYCO258Blaine MullinsWinter

PSYCO258 Chapter Notes - Chapter 2: Parahippocampal Gyrus, Extrastriate Body Area, Fusiform Face Area

OC252594 Page
19 Apr 2014
22
Cognitive neuroscience: discover brain mechanisms responsible for learning, memory, attention. The brain is located at the top of the body to maximize
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U OF APSYCO258Blaine MullinsWinter

PSYCO258 Chapter Notes - Chapter 7: Eidetic Memory, Lexical Decision Task, Stimulus Modality

OC252597 Page
19 Apr 2014
19
Time space: people can imagine a virtual calendar in front of them (outside their body) Number forms: automatically generate images of number in spatia
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U OF APSYCO258Blaine MullinsWinter

PSYCO258 Chapter Notes - Chapter 10: Functional Fixedness, Memory Consolidation, Coin Problem

OC252595 Page
19 Apr 2014
20
Problem: there is an obstacle between the current and goal state and it is not obvious how to overcome this obstacle. Well-defined problem: has a defin
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U OF APSYCO258Blaine MullinsWinter

PSYCO258 Chapter Notes - Chapter 6: Lobotomy, Episodic Memory, Prefrontal Cortex

OC252596 Page
19 Apr 2014
20
Principle of encoding specificity: the way an item is retrieved depends on how the item was encoded. A cue is more likely to trigger the recall of an i
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U OF APSYCO258Blaine MullinsWinter

PSYCO258 Chapter Notes - Chapter 3: Temporal Lobe, Optic Chiasm, Parietal Lobe

OC252597 Page
19 Apr 2014
26
Visual agnosia: can"t identify objects visually but can identify them using other senses (ex. touch) damage to temporal lobe. Blindsight: damage in vis
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