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University of Toronto St. George

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UTMBIO380H5Rosa Da SilvaFall

BIO380H5 Lecture Notes - Amnion, Twin, Blastomere

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6 Dec 2012
27
Ovulation -> insemination -> fertilization in fallopian tubes -> embryo moves down fallopian tube. > cleavage -> compaction -> cavitation -> multicellu
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UTMBIO380H5Rosa Da SilvaFall

BIO380H5 Lecture Notes - Germ Layer, Chromaffin Cell, Proteoglycan

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6 Dec 2012
32
The neural crest considered to be the forth germ layer form crucial cell and tissue types epithelial-mesenchymal transformation. Digest extracellular b
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UTMBIO380H5Rosa Da SilvaFall

BIO380H5 Lecture Notes - Homeobox, Blood Vessel, Chordin

OC285602 Page
6 Dec 2012
28
Neurulation converts presumptive neural ectoderm into neural tube: progenitor of brain and spinal cord. Neural crest migrate down to form specialized t
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UTMBIO380H5Rosa Da SilvaFall

BIO380H5 Chapter Notes -Yolk Sac, Primitive Knot, Neurulation

OC285602 Page
6 Dec 2012
24
Gene expression changes regulate formation of embryonic axes and organization set up cellular and tissue relationships. Icm delamination separates epib
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UTMBIO203H5Ingo EnsmingerFall

BIO203H5 Chapter Notes - Chapter 36: Herbaceous Plant, Root Cap, Meristem

OC285602 Page
6 Dec 2011
27
Water transported up, sugars transported in both directions. Herbaceous plant: lacks wood and short lived stem. Lateral roots: more horizontal and stem
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UTMBIO203H5Ingo EnsmingerFall

BIO203H5 Chapter Notes - Chapter 37: Water Potential, Potential Gradient, Root Pressure

OC285602 Page
6 Dec 2011
32
Water loss is a side effect of photosynthesis. Air in surrounding dryer than leaf (>100 humidity) Water moves passively, differences in potential energ
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UTMBIO206H5George S EspieFall

BIO206H5 Chapter Notes - Chapter 7.1: Tata Box, Sigma Factor, Ribonucleoside

OC285602 Page
6 Dec 2011
46
Flow of information from dna to rna to protein - central dogma of molecular biology. Portions of dna sequence are transcribed into rna. Cells can synth
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UTMBIO206H5George S EspieFall

BIO206H5 Chapter Notes - Chapter 7.2: Transfer Rna, Base Pair, Genetic Code

OC285601 Page
6 Dec 2011
36
An mrna sequence is decoded in sets of three nucleotides. Genetic code is the rules of how nucleotide sequence in mrna is translated to amino acid sequ
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UTMBIO205H5Christoph RichterFall

Ch.9 Properties of populations

OC285602 Page
6 Dec 2011
26
Modular organisms (some plants, corals, sponges, bryozoans) sends new roots or break off (clones), seemingly to be individuals. Genet is a plant produc
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UTMBIO205H5Christoph RichterFall

BIO205H5 Chapter Notes -Ernst Haeckel, Scientific Method, Statistical Hypothesis Testing

OC285602 Page
6 Dec 2011
36
1. 1 ecology is the scientific study of the relationships between organisms and their environment. 1. 2 organisms interact with the environment in the
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UTMBIO205H5Christoph RichterFall

BIO205H5 Chapter Notes -Vapor Pressure, Surface Runoff, Water Cycle

OC285601 Page
6 Dec 2011
26
3. 1 water cycles between earth and the atmosphere. Interception prevents some water from being absorbed by the ground, evaporates quickly. Ground wate
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UTMBIO205H5Christoph RichterFall

BIO205H5 Chapter Notes - Chapter 6: Vascular Bundle, Rubisco, Leaf

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6 Dec 2011
33
6. 8 constraints imposed by the physical environment have resulted in a wide array of plant adaptations. Many features of the physical environment dire
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UTMBIO205H5Christoph RichterFall

BIO205H5 Chapter Notes - Chapter 2: Atmospheric Pressure, Thermosphere, Dew Point

OC285603 Page
6 Dec 2011
26
Weather is the combination of short-term conditions at a specific place and time. Climate is the long-term average pattern of weather in a rage of regi
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UTMBIO205H5Christoph RichterFall

BIO205H5 Chapter Notes - Chapter 7: Coprophagia, Foregut, Food Energy

OC285602 Page
6 Dec 2011
55
7. 1 size imposes a fundamental constraint on the evolution of organisms animals range from 2-10ug to 100,000kg. Scaling is the predictable change in m
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