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University of Toronto St. George

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UTSGJLP315H1Laura SpinuWinter

[JLP315H1] - Final Exam Guide - Everything you need to know! (50 pages long)

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30 Mar 2017
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The rules of language are not obvious; language is complicated. Adults are unconsciously aware of these rules: native speakers uniformly and overwhelmi
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UTSGEEB267H1Deborah Mc LennanWinter

[EEB267H1] - Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes fot the exam (56 pages long!)

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30 Mar 2017
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On a phylogenetic tree of the metazoa (multicellular animals), they are one branch: distant relatives: echinodermata (e. g. ,starfish), hemichordata (e
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UTSGLIN229H1chrisharveyWinter

[LIN229H1] - Final Exam Guide - Ultimate 37 pages long Study Guide!

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29 Mar 2017
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Not completely predictable at first glance: patterns follow trends within languages and across languages. Bases of the similarity of these trends: huma
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UTSGBIO220H1Nicole MideoWinter

[BIO220H1] - Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes fot the exam (65 pages long!)

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29 Mar 2017
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Includes mitochondria (mtdna in all population members) and chloroplasts (in all plant populations); sex chromosomes (x and y in humans/ fruit flies or
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UTSGLIN241H1Guillaume ThomasWinter

[LIN241H1] - Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes fot the exam (56 pages long!)

OC50816056 Page
29 Mar 2017
0
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UTSGBIO220H1Nicole MideoWinter

BIO220H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 21: Mutation Rate, Drug Injection, Thymidine

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28 Mar 2017
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Life cycle - multiple methods of control: killing parasite (i. e. , drug treatments in humans, killing the vector (i. e. , mosquito control/eradication
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UTSGLIN241H1Guillaume ThomasWinter

LIN241H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: Present Tense, If And Only If, Absolute Time And Space

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28 Mar 2017
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If john read dr. zh is true at some point in time, then john is reading dr. zh is true at some earlier point in time, and john will read dr. zh is true
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UTSGEEB267H1Deborah Mc LennanWinter

EEB267H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 21: Femur, Weak Interaction, Metatarsal Bones

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28 Mar 2017
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No bladder: cannot store urine (water) Birds produce uric acid to get rid of nitrogen (waste) in the kidneys. Urine is pasty and white: full of uric ac
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UTSGLIN229H1chrisharveyWinter

LIN229H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Sub-Saharan Africa, Diacritic, 2D Computer Graphics

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27 Mar 2017
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Intonation: sentence level pitch contrast, stretches over the entire sentence, conversationally, gives information over the discourse, does not change
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UTSGEEB225H1Laurel DuquetteWinter

EEB225H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 16: General Linear Model, Dependent And Independent Variables, Survival Analysis

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27 Mar 2017
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Regression approach extended: to include multiple x variables. Incorporates categorical x variables as well as numerical x variables. Y = response: the
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UTSGBIO220H1Nicole MideoWinter

BIO220H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 20: Rodent, Natural Selection, Flu Season

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23 Mar 2017
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Predicting optimal virulence: both transmission and virulence are a function of replication rate within a host, the benefit of replicating within a hos
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UTSGEEB267H1Deborah Mc LennanWinter

EEB267H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 20: Uropygial Gland, Theropoda, Avialae

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23 Mar 2017
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Birds are reptiles: no such thing as birds and repties . Birds are nestled within theropoda, which is within the dinosauria. Pennaceous feathers were f
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UTSGJLP315H1Laura SpinuWinter

JLP315H1 Lecture 11: Language Development

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23 Mar 2017
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UTSGEEB225H1Laurel DuquetteWinter

EEB225H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 14: Scatter Plot, Survival Analysis, Dependent And Independent Variables

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21 Mar 2017
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Describes the relationship between two numerical variables: strength and direction. Estimate: r reflects the scatter in a scatter plot correlation coef
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UTSGBIO220H1Nicole MideoWinter

BIO220H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 19: Case Fatality Rate, Evolutionary Medicine, Viral Hemorrhagic Fever

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21 Mar 2017
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19 perspectives on evolutionary medicine and virulence. Definition: applications of evolutionary principles to the problems of health. Approach: asks w
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UTSGLIN241H1Guillaume ThomasWinter

LIN241H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Implicature, Paul Grice, Parachuting

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20 Mar 2017
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Conversational implicatures: are you hungry, i just had dinner. This is not an entailment of b"s answer, since it can be denied without contradiction.
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UTSGLIN241H1Guillaume ThomasWinter

LIN241H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Propositional Attitude, Hersham And Walton Motors, Gottlob Frege

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17 Mar 2017
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If we identified the meaning of a sentence with its truth-value, we wouldn"t be able to account for the fact that sentences with the same truth-value c
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UTSGEEB267H1Deborah Mc LennanWinter

EEB267H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 18: Viperidae, Bothriechis Schlegelii, Colubroidea

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16 Mar 2017
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No muscles around gland to eject venom. Special muscles that contract to force venom out of gland. Venom stored with help from accessory gland: substan
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UTSGJLP315H1Laura SpinuWinter

JLP315H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: Optimality Theory, Personal Pronoun, Null-Subject Language

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16 Mar 2017
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Kids begin combining things around 2 years of age: first word combinations. Systematic, rule-governed deviations: rules that determine what is/is not p
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UTSGBIO220H1Nicole MideoWinter

BIO220H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Escapement, Overfishing, Logistic Function

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14 Mar 2017
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5 ecology and evolution of harvested populations i. Humans harvest plants, animals, other products from natural world. Some harvesting is inevitable fo
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UTSGBIO220H1Nicole MideoWinter

BIO220H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Atlantic Cod, Trophy Hunting, Directional Selection

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14 Mar 2017
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6 ecology and evolution of harvested populations ii. If larger than x, it is caught in the net. If smaller than x, it swims through the holes. Trophy o
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UTSGBIO220H1Nicole MideoWinter

BIO220H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 17: Kentish Plover, Stitchbird, Evolutionary Arms Race

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14 Mar 2017
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Parents provisioning resources at some rate: p. Increasing p = improving current offspring fitness but also less number of future offspring (less resou
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UTSGEEB225H1Laurel DuquetteWinter

EEB225H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 13: Test Statistic, Dependent And Independent Variables, Bonferroni Correction

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14 Mar 2017
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Homoscedasticity equal variances for all populations. Type 1 error increases with multiple t-tests: probability that null hypothesis is falsely rejecte
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UTSGEEB225H1Laurel DuquetteWinter

EEB225H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 12: Total Variation

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14 Mar 2017
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Like a t-test, but can compare the means of two or more groups simultaneously. Asks whether any of two or more means is different from any other. H0 =
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UTSGEEB267H1Deborah Mc LennanWinter

EEB267H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 17: Shoulder Girdle, Anguimorpha, Hyaluronidase

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14 Mar 2017
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Derived snakes have no pelvic girdle: different from a limbless turtle. However, basal serpents have a pelvic girdle. Characteristic: pair of cloacal s
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UTSGLIN241H1Guillaume ThomasWinter

LIN241H1 Lecture 7: Quantifiers

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9 Mar 2017
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Two types of arguments discussed so far: proper names (denotes individuals): john smokes, quantifiers (express relations between sets): some boy smokes
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UTSGBIO220H1Nicole MideoWinter

BIO220H1 Lecture 16: Social Behaviour

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9 Mar 2017
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Social behaviour definition: the interaction with and responses to other individuals of the same species. Altruistic: behaviour increases another indiv
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UTSGEEB267H1Deborah Mc LennanWinter

EEB267H1 Lecture 16: Squamates

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9 Mar 2017
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Common wisdom: squamates are not social and therefore do not form pair bonds. Starting to see at least one group of skinks form social groups. Individu
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UTSGJLP315H1Laura SpinuWinter

JLP315H1 Lecture 9: Languages, Cultures and Children

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9 Mar 2017
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Interactional display (covert or overt) to a novice of expected ways of thinking, feeling, acting (ochs, 1986) Ability to recognize/interpret what soci
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UTSGLIN229H1chrisharveyWinter

LIN229H1 Lecture 8: Data

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8 Mar 2017
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UTSGEEB267H1Deborah Mc LennanWinter

EEB267H1 Lecture 15: Squamates cont.

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7 Mar 2017
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A family in the large groups of scinocoidea. Smooth, rounded overlapping, shiny scales: gives them a shiny fish-like appearance. Many are insectivores,
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UTSGBIO220H1Nicole MideoWinter

BIO220H1 Lecture 15: Sexual Selection and Female Choice

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7 Mar 2017
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15 sexual selection and female choice leks. Sage grouse: males do display and females come and choose which males they want to mate with. Only interact
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UTSGLIN229H1chrisharveyWinter

LIN229H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Final-Obstruent Devoicing, Underlying Representation, Sonorant

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6 Mar 2017
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Alpha stands for all values are either plus" or minus". A single rule may also contain more than one alpha-variable (beta, gamma) With an alpha : the r
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UTSGEEB225H1Laurel DuquetteWinter

EEB225H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 11: Null Hypothesis, Test Statistic

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5 Mar 2017
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Compares the mean of a random sample from a normal population with the population mean proposed in a null hypothesis. A number calculated to represent
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UTSGEEB267H1Deborah Mc LennanWinter

EEB267H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 14: Asian Box Turtle, Autotomy, Urban Species

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2 Mar 2017
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65% are vulnerable-endangered-critical-extinct: far more endangered than amphibians. No matter what humans do for testudines" situations, there is no e
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UTSGBIO220H1Nicole MideoWinter

BIO220H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 14: Gene Expression, Natural Selection, Anisogamy

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2 Mar 2017
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About 90% of genes are shared between males and females: all autosomes. Gene expression of shared genes in most tissues differs between the sexes: most
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UTSGJLP315H1Laura SpinuWinter

JLP315H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Prosodic Unit

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2 Mar 2017
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Commonalities in the human species: bodies, upright posture, the way the brain functions, faculty of abstraction, generalization, pattern recognition,
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UTSGBIO220H1Nicole MideoWinter

BIO220H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 13: Herbivore, Phototaxis, Reaction Norm

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28 Feb 2017
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Genes and environment influence phenotypes including behaviours. Environmental effects on trait values can be described as plasticity , and these respo
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UTSGEEB267H1Deborah Mc LennanWinter

EEB267H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 13: Ecosystem Engineer, Arrau Turtle, Jellyfish

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28 Feb 2017
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UTSGLIN241H1Guillaume ThomasWinter

LIN241H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Truth Condition, Atomic Sentence, Parse Tree

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27 Feb 2017
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[[x and y]] = 1 iff [[x]] = [[y]] = 1. [[x or y]] = 1 iff it is not the case that [[x]] = [[y]] = 0. For any two clauses x and y: (cr) [[x and y]] = mi
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