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University of Guelph

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U OF GZOO 2700Alex SmithWinter

ZOO 2700- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 40 pages long!)

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29 Mar 2018
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Anywhere from 10 million to maybe 100 million. 86% of species on earth and 91% of species in the ocean still await description. Majority of all species
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U OF GGEOG 3610Jaison ThomasWinter

GEOG 3610 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Contact Angle, Water Content, Specific Weight

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28 Mar 2018
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Water moves from location of higher potential energy to lower. Soil water potential sum of gravitational potential, matric potential and the osmotic po
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U OF GGEOG 3610Jaison ThomasWinter

GEOG 3610 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Plant Community, Surface Tension, Wind Speed

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28 Mar 2018
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Rain = through fall + stemflow + interception. Interception: precipitation that does not reach the soil, but is intercepted by the leaves, branches of
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U OF GGEOG 3610Jaison ThomasWinter

GEOG 3610 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Humidity, Cold Front, Hadley Cell

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28 Mar 2018
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U OF GGEOG 3610Jaison ThomasWinter

GEOG 3610 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Electrical Resistance And Conductance, Illuvium, Porosity

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28 Mar 2018
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Residence time in soil= 15 days to 1 year. Critical to the hydrologic cycle: evapotranspiration, controls runoff, groundwater recharge, biogeochemical
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U OF GGEOG 3610Jaison ThomasWinter

GEOG 3610 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Weather Front, Hadley Cell, Atmospheric Circulation

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28 Mar 2018
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Growth in warm clouds (e. g. over tropics): collision-coalescence process. Growth in cool and cold clouds (e. g. over portion of mid-latitude): bergero
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U OF GGEOG 3610Jaison ThomasWinter

GEOG 3610 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Wavelength, Soil, Sea Surface Temperature

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28 Mar 2018
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Gauge networks are usually too sparse thus missing storms. Radio detection and ranging: amount of reflectance is proportional to intensity of precipita
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U OF GGEOG 3610Jaison ThomasWinter

GEOG 3610 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Heat Flux, Sensible Heat, Shortwave Radio

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28 Mar 2018
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How reflective the surface is (higher albedo=more reflective, low absorption of sunlight, gradual surface warming ex. Meso-scale affects: lake effect s
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U OF GZOO 2700Alex SmithWinter

ZOO 2700 Lecture Notes - Lecture 27: Collagen, Crinoid, Muscular System

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28 Mar 2018
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Echinodermata sometimes referred to as non-chordate deuterostomes. Protostomes: anus transforms into mouth (closed system, solid mass of meso derm that
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U OF GZOO 2700Alex SmithWinter

ZOO 2700 Lecture 26: Lecture 26

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28 Mar 2018
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U OF GZOO 2700Alex SmithWinter

ZOO 2700 Lecture 28: Lecture 28

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28 Mar 2018
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Pyloric cecum: bind end of the digestive system: sacs that can retain food for long periods of time. Madreporite: opening to allow to control the water
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U OF GZOO 2700Alex SmithWinter

ZOO 2700 Lecture Notes - Lecture 23: Daphnia, Myriapoda, Hexapoda

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28 Mar 2018
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U OF GZOO 2700Alex SmithWinter

ZOO 2700 Lecture 24: Lecture 24

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28 Mar 2018
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Legs usually attached to thorax section: 3 pairs. Trachael system: transfers air to deeper parts of the body as the muscle used for walking and flying.
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U OF GZOO 2700Alex SmithWinter

ZOO 2700 Lecture Notes - Lecture 25: Eusociality, Naked Mole-Rat, Tandem Running

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28 Mar 2018
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Monarch butterfly: feed on plant called milkweed (toxic to other insects, weed causes glycoside, use for their own protection, predators learn to avoid
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U OF GZOO 2700Alex SmithWinter

ZOO 2700 Lecture Notes - Lecture 29: Myoglobin, External Fertilization, Hermaphrodite

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28 Mar 2018
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Live in burrows in the sediment= hard to find. Ciliated cells on proboscis to allow particles to move along it. Apomorphies stomocord: extension of for
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U OF GZOO 2700Alex SmithWinter

ZOO 2700 Lecture Notes - Lecture 22: Chitin, Ecdysone, Coevolution

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28 Mar 2018
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U OF GZOO 2700Alex SmithWinter

ZOO 2700 Lecture Notes - Lecture 19: Gonochorism, Chaeta, Nemertea

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28 Mar 2018
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Lecture 19: nemerteans: 10-20m long, extremely predatory, important for marine ecosystems, ambush predators: hang out under rocks/algae and wait for pr
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U OF GZOO 2700Alex SmithWinter

ZOO 2700 Lecture Notes - Lecture 15: Hermaphrodite, Hemocyanin, Nephridium

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28 Mar 2018
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Lecture 15: mollusca: dorsal mantle with secreted chitin cuticle and calcareous spicules, radula, foot and paired pedal retractor muscles, bipectinate
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U OF GZOO 2700Alex SmithWinter

ZOO 2700 Lecture Notes - Lecture 17: Gas Exchange, Nephridium, Mechanoreceptor

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28 Mar 2018
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Apomorphies: bivalve shell with hinge, adductor muscles, radula lost, most are suspension feeders, siphons for inhalant and exhalant water, relatively
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U OF GZOO 2700Alex SmithWinter

ZOO 2700 Lecture Notes - Lecture 16: Anatomical Terms Of Location, Deep Sea, Periostracum

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28 Mar 2018
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U OF GZOO 2700Alex SmithWinter

ZOO 2700 Lecture Notes - Lecture 21: Ventral Nerve Cord, Kinorhyncha, Hydrostatic Skeleton

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28 Mar 2018
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Segmentation: segmentation found in other groups though, evolved through the chordates, annelids were lumped together with other groups because of segm
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U OF GZOO 2700Alex SmithWinter

ZOO 2700 Lecture Notes - Lecture 20: Arthropod Cuticle, Internal Fertilization, Nephridium

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28 Mar 2018
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Ecdysozoa: panarthropoda, tartigrada, onycophora, arthropoda, cycloneuralia, priapulidia, loricifera, kinorhyncha, nematode, nematomorhpa. Nervous syst
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U OF GZOO 2700Alex SmithWinter

ZOO 2700 Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: Monogenea, Haptor, Mucus

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28 Mar 2018
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Most of the dunn phylogenies contain the word (cid:494)worm(cid:495) Apomorphies: multi-ciliated epidermis and gastrodermis, protonephridia (2 cilia pe
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U OF GZOO 2700Alex SmithWinter

ZOO 2700 Lecture Notes - Lecture 13: Escape Response, Scleroprotein, Oligochaeta

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28 Mar 2018
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Pair of mesodermal somites with coelomic spaces (development of the mesoderm in an annelid. Pair of coelomoducts (ciliated excretory and reproductive c
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U OF GZOO 2700Alex SmithWinter

ZOO 2700 Lecture Notes - Lecture 12: Hydrostatic Skeleton, Sipuncula, Hemoglobin

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28 Mar 2018
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Funiculus: ligament, tendon, that connects the stomach to the bottom of the body wall. Contraction of parietal muscles increases coelomic pressure and
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U OF GZOO 2700Alex SmithWinter

ZOO 2700 Lecture Notes - Lecture 11: Gas Exchange, Copepod, Hox Gene

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28 Mar 2018
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U OF GZOO 2700Alex SmithWinter

ZOO 2700 Lecture Notes - Lecture 14: Anticoagulant, Sipuncula, Internal Fertilization

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28 Mar 2018
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U OF GZOO 2700Alex SmithWinter

ZOO 2700 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Glycerol, Chitin, Vertically Transmitted Infection

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28 Mar 2018
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Laumer proposed that placozoans are (cid:498)eumetazoans(cid:499) related to cnidaria. Added new genome assemblies from three members of previously uns
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U OF GZOO 2700Alex SmithWinter

ZOO 2700 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Filopodia, Rideau Canal, Sexual Reproduction

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28 Mar 2018
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Autapomorphy: alveoli: system of abutting membranous sacs that support the cell membrane. These 3 parts that join the exoskeleton: Usually 2 flagella:
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U OF GZOO 2700Alex SmithWinter

ZOO 2700 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Germ Cell, Crustacean, Homoscleromorpha

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28 Mar 2018
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Three general forms: asconoid, simplest, tiny pipes, syconoid. Flow go in through otium (caused by chronocytes) and out through osculum. Sponge can pum
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U OF GZOO 2700Alex SmithWinter

ZOO 2700 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Jet Propulsion, Manowar, Motility

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28 Mar 2018
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Apomorphies: medusa stage, linear mitochondrial dna. Reproduction: release gametes into the water and releases larva that look a lot like placozoans, m
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U OF GZOO 2700Alex SmithWinter

ZOO 2700 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Ecdysozoa, Paraphyly, Xenacoelomorpha

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28 Mar 2018
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U OF GZOO 2700Alex SmithWinter

ZOO 2700 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Basal Body, Choanoflagellate, Red Algae

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28 Mar 2018
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Tissues: specialized: epithelium: polarizes the interior and exterior of the cell (important, connective tissue: cells + ecm. Collagen: connective prot
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U OF GBIOL 4120Beren RobinsonWinter

BIOL 4120 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Natural Selection 2, Passerine, Dhow

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7 Feb 2018
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Latin root words (cid:494)ad(cid:495) (cid:523)towards, for(cid:524) + (cid:494)aptus(cid:495) (cid:523)a particular role(cid:524) (cid:494)adaptation"
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U OF GGEOG 3020Lucy SportzaWinter

GEOG 3020 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Industrial Revolution, Stromatolite, Coevolution

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24 Jan 2018
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Many environmental scientists, geologists, palaeontologists and other would population levels, affluence (rate of resource use), and technological prow
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U OF GFOOD 2010Massimo MarconWinter

FOOD 2010 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Canadian Food Inspection Agency, Hazard Analysis And Critical Control Points, General Agreement On Tariffs And Trade

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24 Jan 2018
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Unit 2: food laws and regulations: compare and contrast legal definitions for food additives for products sold in. The most important agencies involved
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U OF GFOOD 2010Massimo MarconWinter

FOOD 2010 Chapter Notes - Chapter 27: Soil Fertility, Plant Breeding, Chapter 27

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24 Jan 2018
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U OF GBIOL 4120Beren RobinsonWinter

BIOL 4120 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Optimism, Hypothesis, Richard Lewontin

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15 Jan 2018
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Selection thinking considers whether some trait that you observe on individuals may have evolved in the population by natural selection. Use principles
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U OF GBIOL 4120Beren RobinsonWinter

BIOL 4120 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Frequency Distribution, Genetic Drift, Histogram

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15 Jan 2018
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Charles darwin and alfred wallace: darwin wealthy and privileged, wallace poor and a working stiff, corresponded with each other and had same views abo
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U OF GFOOD 2010Massimo MarconWinter

FOOD 2010 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Food Spoilage, Consumer Behaviour, Food Processing

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14 Jan 2018
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Food science is an applied science that takes principles from the basic sciences (biology, chemistry, physics, math) and applies them to study the natu
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