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QUEEN'SCHEM 112John CarranWinter

CHEM 112 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Lithium Polymer Battery, Lithium-Ion Battery, Lead Dioxide

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4 May 2016
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Batteries and fuel cells, electrolysis: primary cells (or batteries). Cell reaction is not reversible: secondary cells. Cell reaction can be reversed b
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QUEEN'SCHEM 112John CarranWinter

CHEM 112 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Silver Sulfide, Magnesium Fluoride, Zinc Hydroxide

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4 May 2016
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Hco3 - (aq) + h2o(l) co3 2- (aq) + h3o+ (aq) The solubility product, ksp, of a solute in aqueous solution is the equilibrium constant for the solubilit
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QUEEN'SCHEM 112John CarranWinter

CHEM 112 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Magnesium Sulfate, Sodium Sulfate, Calcium Sulfate

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4 May 2016
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QUEEN'SCHEM 112John CarranWinter

CHEM 112 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Acid Dissociation Constant, Equivalence Point, Burette

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4 May 2016
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When the acid is 10 times the concentration of the conjugate base ([acid] = 10[base]), the ph is ph = pka + log[base]/10[base]= pka + log(1/10) = pka 1
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QUEEN'SCHEM 112John CarranWinter

CHEM 112 Chapter Notes - Chapter 19: Standard Molar Entropy, Boltzmann Constant, Spontaneous Process

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4 May 2016
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Spontaneous process: process that occurs in a system left to itself and external action is required to make it continue. Nonspontaneous process: will n
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QUEEN'SCHEM 112John CarranWinter

CHEM 112 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Svante Arrhenius, Hydrofluoric Acid, Conjugate Acid

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4 May 2016
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Svante arrhenius (1884): an arrhenius acid is a compound that contains hydrogen and reacts with water to form hydronium ions an arrhenius base is a com
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QUEEN'SCHEM 112John CarranWinter

CHEM 112 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Deprotonation, Quadratic Equation, Hydrogen Bond

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4 May 2016
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Polyprotic aid: compound which can donate more than one proton. The titrations of polyprotic acids with a strong base are similar to that of a monoprot
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QUEEN'SCHEM 112John CarranWinter

CHEM 112 Chapter Notes - Chapter 7: Calorimeter, Thermal Energy, Intermolecular Force

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4 May 2016
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QUEEN'SCHEM 112John CarranWinter

CHEM 112 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Ph Meter, Ph Indicator, Ph

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4 May 2016
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Ph indicator dye changes colour because it is a weak acid which changes colour when converted to its conjugated base. Ph indicator paper paper impregna
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QUEEN'SCHEM 112John CarranWinter

CHEM 112 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Nitrous Acid, Chemical Equilibrium, Buffer Solution

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4 May 2016
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QUEEN'SCHEM 112John CarranWinter

CHEM 112 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Chalcogen, Acid Strength, Conjugate Acid

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4 May 2016
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The stronger the acid, the weaker the conjugate abse. The stronger base, the weaker its conjugate acid. Ka x kb = kw logka +logkb = log kw pka + pkb =
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QUEEN'SCHEM 112John CarranWinter

CHEM 112 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Nernst Equation, Reaction Quotient, Electrochemistry

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4 May 2016
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Zfecell = -zfeo cell + rt ln q. Ecell = eo cell rt/zf ln q. This equation shows that the value of the reaction quotient affects whether the forward or
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QUEEN'SCHEM 112John CarranWinter

CHEM 112 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Standard Electrode Potential, Standard Hydrogen Electrode, Faraday Constant

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4 May 2016
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Any electrode at which the reduction half reaction shows a lesser tendency to occur than the reduction of h+ to h2 , has a standard electrode potential
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QUEEN'SCHEM 112John CarranWinter

CHEM 112 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Intermolecular Force, Hydrogen Bond, Boiling Point

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4 May 2016
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Van der waals forces: a collection of weak attractive forces between atoms/molecules. Instantaneous/induced dipoles: displacement of electrons cause po
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QUEEN'SBIOL 103Margaret WalkerWinter

BIOL 103 Chapter Notes - Chapter 56: Greater Prairie Chicken, Effective Population Size, Extinction Vortex

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4 May 2016
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The greatest concentrations of species are found in the tropics but they are being cleared at an alarming rate. Human activities are effecting energy f
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QUEEN'SBIOL 103Margaret WalkerWinter

BIOL 103 Chapter Notes - Chapter 54: Paramecium Aurelia, Poison Dart Frog, Interspecific Competition

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4 May 2016
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Interspecific interactions: interactions between organisms in a community. Interspecific competition: occurs when individuals of different species comp
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QUEEN'SBIOL 103Margaret WalkerWinter

BIOL 103 Chapter Notes - Chapter 55: Photic Zone, Phosphorus Cycle, Limiting Factor

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4 May 2016
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Many ecosystem approaches are based on laws on physics and chemistry. Energy cannot be created or destroyed, only transformed, even going from solar en
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QUEEN'SBIOL 103Margaret WalkerWinter

BIOL 103 Chapter Notes - Chapter 44: Urea Cycle, Osmoregulation, Connecting Tubule

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4 May 2016
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QUEEN'SBIOL 103Margaret WalkerWinter

BIOL 103 Chapter Notes - Chapter 41: Gastrovascular Cavity, Mouth, Nutrient

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4 May 2016
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Balance between nutrient intake and needs of body. Chemical energy (produce atp), building blocks, and essential nutrients. Materials that cells requir
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QUEEN'SBIOL 103Margaret WalkerWinter

BIOL 103 Chapter 42: Chapter 42

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4 May 2016
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QUEEN'SBIOL 103Margaret WalkerWinter

BIOL 103 Chapter Notes - Chapter 51: Fixed Action Pattern, Waggle Dance, Circadian Clock

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4 May 2016
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The first two questions ask about proximal causation: how a behaviour occurs or is modified. The second two ask about ultimate causation: why a behavio
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QUEEN'SBIOL 103Margaret WalkerWinter

BIOL 103 Chapter Notes - Chapter 50: Semicircular Canals, Oval Window, Sensory Neuron

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4 May 2016
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QUEEN'SBIOL 103Margaret WalkerWinter

BIOL 103 Chapter Notes - Chapter 53: Bighorn Sheep, Semelparity And Iteroparity, Metapopulation

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4 May 2016
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Semelparity: reproduction in which an organism produces all of its offspring in a single event. Iteroparity: repeated production where organisms produc
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QUEEN'SBIOL 103Margaret WalkerWinter

BIOL 103 Chapter Notes - Chapter 48: Resting Potential, Axon Terminal, Axon Hillock

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4 May 2016
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Information processing occurs in 3 stages: sensory input, integration, and motor output. Peripheral nervous system: neurons that carry out information
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QUEEN'SBIOL 103Margaret WalkerWinter

BIOL 103 Chapter Notes - Chapter 54: Anterior Pituitary, Posterior Pituitary, Autocrine Signalling

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4 May 2016
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QUEEN'SBIOL 103Margaret WalkerWinter

BIOL 103 Chapter Notes - Chapter 46: Komodo Dragon, Hammerhead Shark, Aspidoscelis

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4 May 2016
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Fission: the separation of a parent organism into two individuals of equal size. Budding: new individuals arise from outgrowths of existing ones. Ex. s
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QUEEN'SBIOL 103Margaret WalkerWinter

BIOL 103 Chapter Notes - Chapter 25: Ediacaran Biota, Cambrian Explosion, Skull

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4 May 2016
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Geologic record: fossils have helped establish this to piece together earth"s history. The history is divided into 3 eons: hadean, archean, and protero
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QUEEN'SBIOL 103Margaret WalkerWinter

BIOL 103 Chapter Notes - Chapter 43: Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation, T Helper Cell, Antigen-Presenting Cell

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4 May 2016
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QUEEN'SBIOL 103Margaret WalkerWinter

BIOL 103 Chapter Notes - Chapter 28: Gametocyte, Anopheles, Apicomplexa

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4 May 2016
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QUEEN'SBIOL 103Margaret WalkerWinter

BIOL 103 Chapter Notes - Chapter 22: Great Chain Of Being, Koelreuteria Paniculata, Carl Linnaeus

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4 May 2016
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Change in the genetic composition of a population from generation to generation. The pattern of evolution can be seen from different disciplines of sci
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QUEEN'SBIOL 103Margaret WalkerWinter

BIOL 103 Chapter Notes - Chapter 23: Allele Frequency, Gene Duplication, Genotype Frequency

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4 May 2016
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QUEEN'SBIOL 103Margaret WalkerWinter

BIOL 103 Chapter Notes - Chapter 24: Species Problem, Isthmus Of Panama, Gray Tree Frog

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4 May 2016
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Species: a group of populations whose members have the potential to interbreed and produce viable, fertile offspring. Gene flow tends to hold populatio
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QUEEN'SBIOL 102Chris MoyesFall

BIOL 102 Lecture Notes - Lecture 21: Rna Splicing, Alternative Splicing, Ribosomal Rna

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4 May 2016
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Bio lecture week 11, wednesday november 24, 2015. Gene expression: process by which dna directs protein synthesis. One gene one enzyme hypothesis: each
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QUEEN'SBIOL 102Chris MoyesFall

BIOL 102 Lecture Notes - Lecture 23: Human Genome Project, Noncoding Dna, Metagenomics

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4 May 2016
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Exam: half of each half of the semester, 120 questions all multiple choice. Look at multiple choice at the end of chapters. Human genome project: faste
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QUEEN'SBIOL 102Chris MoyesFall

BIOL 102 Lecture Notes - Lecture 22: Trp Operon, Lac Operon, Lac Repressor

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4 May 2016
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Prokaryotes and eukaryotes alter gene expression in response to changing environment. In multicellular organisms gene expression regulates development
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QUEEN'SBIOL 102Chris MoyesFall

BIOL 102 Chapter Notes - Chapter 17: Aminoacyl-Trna, Rna Splicing, Small Nuclear Rna

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4 May 2016
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Gene expression: process by which dna directs synthesis of proteins. Mutated mould was studied to see what minimal nutrients mutated forms could still
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QUEEN'SBIOL 102Chris MoyesFall

BIOL 102 Chapter Notes - Chapter 16: Nucleoside Triphosphate, Dna Replication, Pyrophosphate

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4 May 2016
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Discovery of genetic role of dna was in 1928 when non-pathogenic bacteria became pathogenic when mixed with remains of pathogenic bacteria. Transformat
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QUEEN'SBIOL 102Chris MoyesFall

BIOL 102 Chapter Notes - Chapter 20: Molecular Cloning, Gel Electrophoresis, Reverse Transcriptase

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4 May 2016
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Recombinant dna: dna formed when segments from two different dna sources are combined in a test tube. This advance has been important for analyzing gen
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QUEEN'SBIOL 102Chris MoyesFall

BIOL 102 Chapter Notes - Chapter 15: Homologous Chromosome, Xist (Gene), Barr Body

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4 May 2016
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Chromosomes and genes are both present in pairs in diploid cells; homologous chromosomes separate and alleles segregate during the process of meiosis a
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QUEEN'SBIOL 102Chris MoyesFall

BIOL 102 Chapter Notes - Chapter 19: Viral Envelope, Lytic Cycle, Lysogenic Cycle

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4 May 2016
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