CHIN20005 Lecture 2: Chinese 1 Notes 2. New(1)

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9 Nov 2020
Chinese 1 Notes Lesson 2
1) S place
北京路。 I go to Beijing Road.
中国。 He goes to China.
* MUST be followed by a place or another verb becoming S + V O.
学习法语。I go to study French.
Here is followed by another verb “to study”.
* The sentences such as “I go to the movies” or “They go to the opera” make no sense in
Chinese, because “the movies” or “the opera” are not places. In Chinese, you must say “I go
to see a film” or “They go to watch an opera”.
2) S place
This structure is equivalent to the English structure: someone/something is in a place. In
Chinese, however, verb “to be” is not required in this structure. = to be in/at/on …
在哪儿 Where is she?
在英国。 She is in UK.
你的汉语书在哪儿? Where is your Chinese book?
我的汉语书在那儿 My Chinese book is over there.
(: book)
2.1 The negative form for S place
In a negative sentence, should be placed before place
在家,他在宿舍。He is not at home, he is in the dormitory.
2.2 Adverb “” should be placed before place; and the negative form, “
我们在宿舍。 We are all in the dormitory.
他们不在家。 They are all not at home.
3) S somebody V O
leads the receiver of the action (somebody); somebody should be in the
adverb position.
给我妈妈买书。 I buy books for my mum.
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