Chinees 1 Note Lesson 3
1) S 有 O (Note: the negative form for the verb 有is 没, not 不)
我有英文书。 I have English books.
我没有法文书。 I do not have French books.
Simple question forms
S 有 O 吗？ 你有英文书吗？ Do you have English books?
2) Measure Words
When a noun follows a number or the pronoun of this (这), that (那) or which (哪), a measure
word should be used and placed before the noun.
For example, 五本词典 five dictionaries
三张地图 three maps
这本词典 this dictionary
那张地图 that map
哪个学生 which student
• When the number is “one”, however, the number can be omitted. In other words, if no
number is placed before a measure word, that missing number must be “one”.
For example, 我买张中国地图。
I buy a map of China.
I do not have an English-Chinese Dictionary;
I only have a Chinese-English Dictionary.
3) 二 and 两
In Chinese, there are two words for “two”. They are 二 (or in the digit form “2”) and 两, and
each is used in different circumstances.
二 (or the digit “2”) is used generally in numbers, when counting, or giving out a number
such as a phone number, and so on. The digit “2” generally cannot be used to say there are
“two” of something.
两 is used to say there are “two” of something. 两cannot be used in numbers which are
ended with “2” such as 12, 22, 32, 102 … .