CHIN20005 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Tag Question

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Published on 9 Nov 2020
Chinees 1 Notes Lesson 6
1) S place
This structure is equivalent to the English structure: someone/something is in a place. In
Chinese, however, verb “to be” is not required in this structure. = to be in/at/on …
你朋友在哪儿 Where is your friend?
我朋友在法国。 My friend is in France.
你的中文书在哪儿? Where is your Chinese book?
我的中文书在他家 My Chinese book is at his home.
2) S place V O
This pattern is used to define the place where the action takes place. In this
structure, leading a place ( place) should be in adverb position.
在中国学习中文。 He studies Chinese in China.
在墨尔本大学学习英文。 She studies English at
Melbourne University.
In comparison, S place V O
去中国学习中文。 He goes to China to study Chinese.
墨尔本大学学习英文。 She goes to Melbourne
University to study English.
3) S Someone V O
somebody (Literally, with somebody) stays in the adverb position.
跟我朋友见面。 I will meet with my friend.
跟我朋友去法国。I go to France with my friend.
For the sentence containing (or an auxiliary verb 可以) and somebody”,
somebody” should be placed after (or 可以).
明天早上我可以跟你见面。I can meet with you tomorrow morning.
4) … …, 可以吗/好吗?/吗?/对吗?/是吗?
can be used to form tag questions which are quick questions tagged on the end of a
sentence to seek permission/agreement, to make a suggestion, or to ask for confirmation. In
English, this is often done with “right?”, “OK?”
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