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Study Guides for SCI1300 at Monash University

Climate change: From science to society

SCI1300 Final: Economics and Australian Organisations
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ECONOMICS - Economists prefer to leave policy to market-based approaches, except in cases of market failure - Market failure is a situation where the actions of some firm or individual have con...

Science
SCI1300
Christian Jakob
SCI1300 Study Guide - Final Guide: Sea Level Rise, Food Contaminant, Social Conflict
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IMPACTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE INFRASTRUCTURE: Threats: - Heat waves o Decrease electrical transmission efficiency o Affect nuclear energy plants o Buckle train and tram lines, roads - Flooding and sea level rise o Threaten roa...

Science
SCI1300
Christian Jakob
SCI1300 Study Guide - Final Guide: Solar Radiation Management, Biochar, Cloud Seeding
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GEOENGINEERING - The deliberate large-scale manipulation of the planetary environment to counteract anthropogenic climate change - The environmental change must be the primary goal rather than a side-effect - Must be large...

Science
SCI1300
Christian Jakob
SCI1300 Study Guide - Final Guide: Representative Concentration Pathways, Ocean Acidification, Cryosphere
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PROJECTIONS OF CLIMATE CHANGE IPCC 5 REPORT: - Many observed changes are unprecedented on timescales of millennia - Human influence on climate is clear - Climate will continue to change in the future - Limiting future clim...

Science
SCI1300
Christian Jakob
SCI1300 Study Guide - Final Guide: Emission Intensity, Emissions Trading, Carbon Tax
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ADAPTATION - The process of adjustment to actual or expected climate and its effects Reasons for Adaptation: - Climate change commitment- some climate change is inevitable - Mitigation may not be successful - Climate chang...

Science
SCI1300
Christian Jakob
SCI1300 Study Guide - Final Guide: History Of Climate Change Science, Wallace Smith Broecker, Shortwave Radiation
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HISTORY OF CLIMATE CHANGE SCIENCE 1856: - Eunice Foote identified CO as 2 greenhouse gas in 1856 1861: - John Tyndall was noted as the first scientist to observe the greenhouse effect of carbon dioxid...

Science
SCI1300
Christian Jakob
SCI1300 Final: review

First appear of: First peerreviewed paper to mention Global warming : Wallace Broecker,1975 Article using global warming in The NEW YORK TIMES ranked after that identified CO2 as a greenhouse gas: Eunice Foote,1856simple e...

Science
SCI1300
Andrew
SCI1300 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Daisyworld, Emissivity
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CLIMATE MODELS A mathematical representation of the many processes that make up our climate Requires: o Knowledge of the physical laws that govern climate o Mathematical expressions for those laws o Numerical methods to ...

Science
SCI1300
Christian Jakob
SCI1300 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Biological Pump, Methanogenesis
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CARBON CYCLE The planet has natural recycling system for essential elements e.g. carbon, nitrogen, phosphorous The ultimate source of carbon is the solid earth Rate of transfer from solid earth is very slow which consum...

Science
SCI1300
Christian Jakob
SCI1300 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Atmospheric Circulation, Hadley Cell, Systematic Chaos
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ATMOSPHERE - In constant motion - Earths circulation systems work to keep the planet in thermal and chemical balance Movement of Air: - Low density air rises, high density air sin...

Science
SCI1300
Christian Jakob
SCI1300 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Cryosphere, Ice Sheet, Thermodynamic Equilibrium
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CRYOSPHERE COMPONENTS: Snow Ice River and lake ice Sea Ice Glaciers and ice caps Ice sheet Permafrost Seasonally frozen ground CHARACTERISTICS: Cryosphere on land stores 75 of the worlds freshwater Ice covers 10 ...

Science
SCI1300
Christian Jakob
SCI1300 Midterm: Ocean Circulation notes
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OCEAN SYSTEM Pressure: - Water has a much higher density than air (x1000) - At the bottom of 10m of water, the pressure is the same as that of the whole atmosphere - Pressure increases linearly w...

Science
SCI1300
Christian Jakob
SCI1300 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Sunspot, Sea Salt, Soot
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FORCINGS IN THE CLIMATE SYSTEM Natural: - Incoming solar energy o Earth orbit variations Orbit is not uniform Tilt angle of rotational axis (obliquity) period 4...

Science
SCI1300
Christian Jakob
SCI1300 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Radioactive Decay, Outgoing Longwave Radiation, Ozone Layer
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ENERGY IN CLIMATE SYSTEM Kinetic energy: associated with motion Potential energy: can potentially be released and converted into kinetic energy o Thermal e.g. temperature o Chemical e.g. water vapour o Mechanical e.g. pr...

Science
SCI1300
Christian Jakob
SCI1300 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Daisyworld, Hypothetical Astronomical Object, Mechanical Equilibrium
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CLIMATE: - The probability distribution function of the weather - Weather in a location averaged in time - Collection of all weather events in a location over time - Frequency of occurrence of cert...

Science
SCI1300
Christian Jakob

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