INTRODUCTION TO PSYCHOLOGY LECTURE 1 – PSY141 EXAM NOTES
Psychology is the Scientific Investigation of mental processes and behaviour. This involves examining
the person’s biological makeup, psychological experience and functioning, and cultural and historical
Biopsychology examines Physical basis of psychological phenomena such as motivation, emotion and
Cross Cultural Psychology:
Cross Cultural Psychology tests psychological hypotheses in different cultures. Biology and culture both
form boundaries, or constraints, within which psychological processes operate.
Freewill or Determinism:
Freewill or Determinism is the ability to freely choose an action or whether their behaviour follows a
Mind-Body Problem (DESCARTES):
How mental and physical events interact.
Used contemplation to uncover the basic elements of consciousness and how they combine with one
another into idea (STRUCTURE OF CONCIOUSNESS).
Functionalism (WILLIAM JAMES):
Functionalism looked for explanations of psychological processes in their role, or function, in helping the
individual adapt to the environment.
WILHELM WUNDT – 1879
First psychological lab