Week 1 Exam Revision
The role of the law is distribute the greatest amount of happiness/good to
the greatest number of people – Utilitarianism
Social Contract – humans are essentially selfish. Life would be difficult and
unpleasant if we all behaved selfishly.
Rule of Law – NO person is free from governance by the law
In order for punishment to not be a pure act of violence it must be:
Least possible in circumstances
Social Process or Relativist Approach:
Looking at crime from a social and historical context
These people think crime does not occur naturally. Rather, crime only exists because
society has created laws – thus creating crime.
This approach also considers those who are in power. Many argue that the law only
serves people at the ‘top’.
They believe criminals are not