Week 12 Exam Revision – Crime in the Home
Intimate Partner Violence
Indigenous females were 35 times more likely to be hospitalised due
to family violence than any other Australian females
In 2006–07, there were 12 recorded intimate partner homicides in
41 per cent of young people in a small study on remand were found to
have a domestic and family violence history
domestic and family violence incidents in Queensland, which are
currently estimated to cost the Queensland economy $2.7 to $3.2
The cost of domestic and family violence has been estimated at $13.6
billion per annum to the Australian economy
Domestic and Family Violence Protection Act 1989 (Qld).
Child Protection Act 1999
Harm to a child is any detrimental effect of a significant nature
on the child’s physical, emotional, or psychological wellbeing.
It does not matter how the harm is caused.
Harm includes physical, emotional or psychological abuse or
neglect and sexual abuse or exploitation.
(Child Protection Act
Where Do Child Abuse Statistics Come From?
Retrospective studies – self report victimisation studies i.e. adults who were
abused as children
Reports made to child protection agencies
Reports made to police or authorities
Reports to counselling services
Limitations of Child Abuse statistics
Large amount of abuse not reported
o Children are powerless and may not be able to report
o Abuse may be ‘normalised’ within the home
Data not always recorded with same definitions
Parents may not report or not want to report abuse Cycle of Abuse
Phase 1 – Tension building
o Tensions builds, communication is lost or damaged between victim and
abuser, victim may feel the need to calm the abuser and prevent
Phase 2 – Incident
o Verbal and emotional abuse may occur. Anger, blame, arguments,
intimidation and threats.
Phase 3 – Reconciliation