notes for Poly1000 exam.docx

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Roberta Greimel

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POLY1000 Final Exam Notes are compiled from a combination of lecture slides and the textbook Social Policy in ndAustralia 2 Understanding for Action McClelland A 2009This information is up to date as of 2012What is social policy Social policy aims to improve peoples welfare and is especially concerned with the welfare of those who are vulnerable Policy isA pattern of government decisions and actions intended to address a perceived public problemstatement of intentthe course of government action or inaction taken in response to public problems It is associated with formally approved policy goals and means as well as the regulations and practices of agencies that implement programsa set of interrelated decision take by a political actor or group of actors concerning the selection of goals and the means of achieving them within a specified situationA choice made by government to undertake some course of actionwhatever governments choose to do or not to doSocial policiessocial issuesThe Pharmaceutical Benefits Schemeintroduced in the 1950sMedibank and Medicare in the 70s and 80s Child endowment in 1941Family allowance in 1976Managing unemployed people through the creation of the welfare state post warThe indigenous interventionChild protectionHousing subsidies and loans to veterans Public housingYouth allowanceHECSEducation funds and taxesDealing with high energy costs as a consequences of carbon taxWhat is policyTo Policeoriginally to order social relationsfor harmony and stabilityAssociated also with words like polished and politeimproved wellordered and organised And of course linked to another important wordPolitics1POLY1000 Final Exam Policy as argumentPolitics and Policy making are inseparable from social policy and social work o How do you help others Should you even want to o Should the government have some role in this or is this our own responsibility o Values become importantCan all issues be solved through social policy interventionsContexts of Public PolicySocial contextEconomic contextPolitical contextGovernment contextCultural contextComponents of social policy Attitudes and political argument reflected in electionsThe framing and design of policies Decisions made in Parliament ie Legislation and ActsHow those decisions are made to work ie design of programs and administrative guidelines of government departmentsDelivery of money to public private and non profit organisations to deliver programsStaff who are responsible for decisions about peoples lives are trainedThe policy is then implementedStreet level bureaucracyWho is best placed to observe the impact and effects of policiesPolicies require evaluationWhy do workers need to understand policy 1 To correctly advise 2 To advocate within the system for individuals and for system change 3 To participate in policy related processes and input their knowledge and ideologyMcClelland Smyth on policy As output aims and intentions social and financial arrangements outcomes and impactsAs a processhow a certain decision gets made and the political argument and research that goes around that2POLY1000 Final ExamJeremy BenthamBentham 17481830social reformer and thinkerLegacies o Expert bureaucracy and administration o Empiricismknowledge based on what can be known through the senses The collection of data use of inspection for information about crime poverty homelessness factory and work conditions supply of water building regulations etcThe development of statistics and their incorporation into government Development of a scientific approachth 19 century saw systematic research conducted into social problems and the rise of the discipline of social workbased on the very positive view of technology and progress of the Americans and the British Victorianseg Joseph and Benjamin Seebohm Rowntree Charles thBooth the poverty line and Richard Titmuss in the 20 centuryEstablishment of the welfare state post warPresident Johnsons War on Poverty in the 60sCan we talk about social policy as a science Broadly 2 approaches o A rational planned and scientific approach o A critical approach that seeks to question what the problem of the policy is all aboutChallenges to scientific approach Social policy is a contested process and involves not just solving problems but discovering themSocial problems are constructed and then debated and argued politicsEven the basic terms of a policy may not even be rational ones eg attitudes to asylum seekers indigenous problems mental healthHow has mental health policy been constructedA number of different designations are used to depict mad people maniacs lunatics insane mental patients mentally ill their healers and keepers maddoctors physicians of the insane medical superintendents medical psychologists alienists psychiatrists and their institutions insane asylums lunatic asylums madhouses mental hospitals in an attempt to capture the appropriate terms of the era3
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