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Final

LAW705 Study Guide - Final Guide: Common Assault, Homicide, Crimes Act 1900

12 pages71 viewsSpring 2018

Department
Law
Course Code
LAW705
Professor
All
Study Guide
Final

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CRIMINAL LAW
Problem Question Notes
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PRINCIPLES ........................................................................................................... 1
Capacity ....................................................................................................................................... 2
Actus Reus .................................................................................................................................. 3
Mens Rea ..................................................................................................................................... 4
Coincidence ................................................................................................................................ 6!
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OFFENCES ............................................................................................................. 7
Common Assault ....................................................................................................................... 8
Actus Reus ................................................................................................................................ 8
Mens Rea .................................................................................................................................. 9
Consent to Harm ..................................................................................................................... 10
Aggravated Assault .................................................................................................................. 11
Assaults Causing Particular Injuries ....................................................................................... 11
Assaults Causing Disease ........................................................................................................ 13
Assaults with Further Specific Intent ....................................................................................... 13
Assaults Using Offensive Weapons or Dangerous Substances ................................................... 14
Assaults on Victims with Special Status .................................................................................. 14
Domestic and Personal Violence Assaults ................................................................................ 15
Offences Relating to Public Order ............................................................................................. 16
Sexual Assault ........................................................................................................................... 18
Actus Reus .............................................................................................................................. 18
Mens Rea ................................................................................................................................ 20
Related Offences ....................................................................................................................... 21
Reform .................................................................................................................................... 23
Homicide I: Murder ................................................................................................................ 24
Actus Reus: Causation ............................................................................................................ 24
Mens Rea ................................................................................................................................ 28
Constructive/Felony Murder .................................................................................................... 30
Additional Notes ..................................................................................................................... 30
Homicide II: Manslaughter .................................................................................................... 31
Unlawful and Dangerous Act .................................................................................................. 31
Manslaughter by Criminal Negligence ...................................................................................... 32
Property Offences ................................................................................................................... 35
Actus Reus .............................................................................................................................. 35
Mens Rea ................................................................................................................................ 37
Coincidence .............................................................................................................................. 38
Statutory Expansion of Larceny .............................................................................................. 38
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DEFENCES ........................................................................................................... 43
Self-Defence ............................................................................................................................. 44
Genuine Belief ......................................................................................................................... 44
Reasonable Response ................................................................................................................ 45
Excessive Self-Defence ............................................................................................................. 45
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Necessity ................................................................................................................................... 47
Nature of Emergency ............................................................................................................... 47
Accused’s Belief ....................................................................................................................... 48
Objective Standard ................................................................................................................... 48
Necessity and Abortion ............................................................................................................ 48
Duress ........................................................................................................................................ 49
Threat of Death or GBH ........................................................................................................ 49
Reasonable Apprehension ........................................................................................................ 49
Ordinary Person Test ............................................................................................................... 50
Limitations to the Defence ........................................................................................................ 50
Mental Illness ........................................................................................................................... 52
Disease of the Mind ................................................................................................................. 52
Defect of Reason ...................................................................................................................... 53
Nature and Quality of the Act ................................................................................................ 53
Wrongness of the Act ............................................................................................................... 53
Special Verdict ........................................................................................................................ 53
‘Disease of the Mind’ Tests .................................................................................................... 54
Automatism .............................................................................................................................. 55
Loss of Control ........................................................................................................................ 55
External Cause ....................................................................................................................... 55
No Prior Fault ........................................................................................................................ 56
Provocation .............................................................................................................................. 57
Provocative Circumstances ........................................................................................................ 57
Ordinary Person Test ............................................................................................................... 58!
Subjective Loss of Control ........................................................................................................ 59!
Substantial Impairment by Abnormality of Mind .............................................................. 61
Abnormality of Mind .............................................................................................................. 61
Underlying Condition .............................................................................................................. 62
Substantial Impairment ........................................................................................................... 62
Intoxication ............................................................................................................................... 63
Specific/Basic Distinction ........................................................................................................ 64
Relationship with Other Defences ............................................................................................. 64
Intoxication and Murder .......................................................................................................... 65
Involuntary Intoxication ........................................................................................................... 65
Case Summaries…………………………………………………………………… 67
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3
[Principles].
Capacity + Actus Reus + Mens Rea – Defences = Criminal Liability
Criminal Liability
1. A person must have legal capacity to commit a criminal offence
2. That person must have committed the conduct elements of the offence, that is,
the actus reus
3. The fault elements, or the mens rea, which form part of the offence, must have
been present at the time of the actus reus; and
4. The absence of any defences of excuse or justification which would negate
liability
Burdens of Proof
Legal Burden:
o The prosecution must prove all the elements of a particular offence
Beyond Reasonable Doubt – the ‘golden thread rule’ [Woolmington (1935)]
o Exceptions are mental illness and substantial impairment of mind, burden
rests with the defendant to prove on the balance of probabilities
Evidentiary Burden:
o Refers to one party’s duty of producing sufficient evidence for a tribunal
to call upon the other party to answer.
o It is essentially involving the need to ‘suggest a reasonable possibility’
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