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Functional Proteins and Genes

300936 Study Guide - Final Guide: Semiconservative Replication, Uracil, Methyl Group

FPG REVISION double helix. Nucleotide contains a phosphate group, nucleotide and sugar Nucleoside contains a sugar and nucleotide only DNA double helix - Sugar phosphate backbone (formed by phosphodiester bonds) - Two anti...

University of Western Sydney
300936
unknown
300936 Study Guide - Final Guide: Succinyl-Coa, Acetyl-Coa, Futile Cycle

FPG REVISION Explain why the ATP yields are higher when glucose is broken down when oxygen is present compared to when there is none. Aerobic respiration requires oxygen because oxygen is the final electron acceptor of the...

University of Western Sydney
300936
unknown
300936 Study Guide - Final Guide: Conformational Ensembles, Anabolism, Catabolism

FPG REVISION Describe the properties of allosteric enzymes and their roles in regulation of biochemical pathways; Allosteric enzymes are enzymes that change their conformational ensemble upon binding to an effector, w...

University of Western Sydney
300936
unknown
300936 Study Guide - Final Guide: Oxidizing Agent, Enzyme, Adenosine Triphosphate

FPG REVISION Know the meanings of the terms holoenzyme , apoenzyme and cofactor ; Holoenzyme: molecular partnership of an enzyme with a coenzyme. Apoenzyme: An enzyme that requires a cofactor but does not have one bound...

University of Western Sydney
300936
unknown
300936 Study Guide - Final Guide: Endoplasmic Reticulum, Glycosylation, Golgi Apparatus

FPG REVISION Post translational modification of Proteins structure Recall the major amino acid targets for glycosylation of proteins N-linked: Asparagine (Asn-x-Ser or Asn-x-Thr) O-linked: Serine, threonine, and tyros...

University of Western Sydney
300936
unknown
300936 Study Guide - Final Guide: Disulfide, Ribbon Diagram, Threonine

FPG REVISION Which amino acid residues can be phosphorylated? Glycosylated? Ubiquitinated? Acetylated? Methylated? Lipidated? Phosphorylated: Serine, Threonine, Tyrosine Glycosylated: (N-linked) Asparagine...

University of Western Sydney
300936
unknown
300936 Study Guide - Final Guide: Isoleucine, Hemoglobin, Valine

FPG REVISION The tertiary structure includes: - Interior; mainly hydrophobic amino acids. - Exterior; charged and polar amino acids. Globular proteins have both structural units and functional units as below; Structural: M...

University of Western Sydney
300936
unknown
300936 Study Guide - Final Guide: Isoelectric Point, Ion Exchange, Hydrogen Bond

FPG REVISION The isoelectric point, pI, is the pH of an aqueous solution of an amino acid at which the molecules have no net charge. In other words, the positively charged groups are exactly balanced by the negatively ch...

University of Western Sydney
300936
unknown
300936 Study Guide - Final Guide: Aliphatic Compound, Imidazole, Isoelectric Point

FPG REVISION Lysine Long + side chain, always exist as positive Hydrophilic since it is charged Long aliphatic side chain, topped off by an amino group Arginine Long + side chain, always exist as positive Hydrophili...

University of Western Sydney
300936
unknown
300936 Study Guide - Final Guide: Aromatic Amino Acids, Lipid Bilayer, Cell Membrane

FPG REVISION Describe the functions of the membrane as it pertains to its chemical elements e.g cell recognition, barrier function, signal transduction Functions of the membrane: Separates the contents of the cell from...

University of Western Sydney
300936
unknown
300936 Final: FPG REVISION 2

FPG REVISION Recognise and draw the Fischer and Haworth (mostly) projections of the monosaccharides listed above and number the carbon atoms; Describe the roles of the enzymes galactokinase, glucokinase and hexokinase ...

University of Western Sydney
300936
unknown
300936 Final: FPG REVISION 1

FPG REVISION Basic knowledge Convert between units Calculate concentration of solutions in molarity (moles/litre) and percentage (grams/100 mL) Calculate molarity (M) from percentage concentration (%) Plot and use stand...

University of Western Sydney
300936
unknown

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