IMED2003 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Subsequent Nuremberg Trials, Nuremberg Code, NurembergPremium
2 pages54 viewsSpring 2018
DepartmentIntegrated Medical Sciences
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IMED2003: Revision 13 Notes
Nuremburg Code (1946)
● A set of research ethics principles for human experimentation set
○ As a result of the subsequent Nuremberg trials (at the end of the Second
● WHAT IS IT?
○ Informed consent
○ Absence of coercion
○ Properly formulated scientific experimentation
○ Beneficence towards experiment participants
In Detail: Nuremburg Code:
○ consent of the human subject (or guardian)
○ in a full legal capacity.
2. The experiment should:
○ Aim at positive results that cannot be procured in some other way.
3. Be based on previous knowledge
○ (eg, an expectation derived from animal experiments) that justifies the
4. Be set up in a way that avoids:
○ Unnecessary physical and mental suffering and injuries.
5. Should not be conducted when there is reason to believe it could cause harm.
6. The risks should be in proportion to (not exceed) the expected humanitarian
7. Preparations and facilities must be provided
○ Adequately protect the subjects against risks.
8. Those conducting the experiment must be adequately qualified.
9. The human subjects must be free to withdraw from the study at any time.
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