IMED2003 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: George Otto Gey, Polio Vaccine, Henrietta LacksPremium
2 pages94 viewsSpring 2018
DepartmentIntegrated Medical Sciences
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IMED2003: Revision 15 Notes
● Who is she?
○ African American, 1st child at 14yr, died aged 31
○ Attended Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore (29/01/1951) diagnosed with
carcinoma of the cervix and treated with radium
○ 2 samples were taken without her permission or knowledge; healthy tissue
and cancerous cells
○ Cells were cultured by George Otto Gey to create the first human immortal
cell line HeLa cells
● HeLa cells
○ HeLa cells used by Salk to develop the polio vaccine.
○ Also research on cancer, AIDS, the effects of radiation and toxic
substances, gene mapping, used to test human sensitivity to tape, glue,
cosmetics, and many other products
○ 20 tons of her cells have been grown since 1951, almost 11,000 patents
involve HeLa cells
● New millenium → what’s happening?
○ Family medical records published without family consent (1980s)
○ Supreme Court of California case of Moore v. Regents of the University of
California in 1990
○ ‘a person's discarded tissue and cells are not their property and can be
○ 2013, German researchers published the HeLa genome, without
permission from the Lacks family.
○ 2013, NIH agreed to give the family some control over access to the data
and a promise of acknowledgement in scientific papers.
○ Two family members will join a six-member committee to regulate access
to the genomic data.
Belmont Report by the Office for Human Research Protections (OHRP)
● Commissioned as a result of the Tuskagee study
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