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Midterm

IMED2003 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: George Otto Gey, Polio Vaccine, Henrietta LacksPremium

2 pages94 viewsSpring 2018

Department
Integrated Medical Sciences
Course Code
IMED2003
Professor
Kellie Bennett
Study Guide
Midterm

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IMED2003: Revision 15 Notes
Henrietta Lacks
Who is she?
African American, 1st child at 14yr, died aged 31
Attended Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore (29/01/1951) diagnosed with
carcinoma of the cervix and treated with radium
2 samples were taken without her permission or knowledge; healthy tissue
and cancerous cells
Cells were cultured by George Otto Gey to create the first human immortal
cell line HeLa cells
HeLa cells
HeLa cells used by Salk to develop the polio vaccine.
Also research on cancer, AIDS, the effects of radiation and toxic
substances, gene mapping, used to test human sensitivity to tape, glue,
cosmetics, and many other products
20 tons of her cells have been grown since 1951, almost 11,000 patents
involve HeLa cells
New millenium whats happening?
Family medical records published without family consent (1980s)
Supreme Court of California case of Moore v. Regents of the University of
California in 1990
a person's discarded tissue and cells are not their property and can be
commercialized.
2013, German researchers published the HeLa genome, without
permission from the Lacks family.
2013, NIH agreed to give the family some control over access to the data
and a promise of acknowledgement in scientific papers.
Two family members will join a six-member committee to regulate access
to the genomic data.
Belmont Report by the Office for Human Research Protections (OHRP)
Commissioned as a result of the Tuskagee study
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