DAT-3000 Study Guide - Spring 2018, Comprehensive Midterm Notes - Ether, Anthropomorphism, Agriculture

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Published on 12 Oct 2018
Course
Professor
DAT-3000
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
Fall 2018
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1.
Who?
CarolGeddes
What?
GrowingupasanAboriginal
Where?
Canada
When?
Secondhalfofthe20thcentury
Why?
TorefutestereotypesontheAboriginal
community
2.
a)
TheAboriginalcommunityasawholehasreceiveddiscriminationfromtherestofCanadaat
thestartofthecenturyforhavingdifferenttraditions.Nowadaystheyarediscriminated
againstuponstereotypes.
b)
“Weweren’tallowedtojoinanythingthewhitekidsstarted.”
IhavetogobacktothebushwhereIwasborn,becausethere’smoretomystorythanthe
hurtfulstereotypingthatdepictsIndianpeopleasdrunkenwelfarecases.”
3.“Itwasn’tthoughasifwe’dneverexperiencedchangebefore.TheTlingitnation,whichI
belongto,arrivedintheYukonfromtheAlaskancoastaroundtheturnofthecentury.They
werethemiddlemenandwomenbetweentheRussiantradersandtheYukoninlandIndians.
TheTlingitgainedpowerandprestigebytradingEuropeanproductssuchasmetalgoods
andclothfortherichandvariedfurssomuchinfashioninEurope.TheTlingitcontrolled
Yukontradingbecausetheycontrolledthetradingroutesthroughhighmountainpasses.
Whentradingceasedtobeaneffectivemeansofsurvival,mygrandparentsbeganraising
wildminkincages.Minkpriceswerereallyhighbeforeandduringthewar,butafterwards
thepriceswentplungingdown.So,althoughtheminkpenswerestilltherewhenIwasalittle
girl,myfathermainlyworkedonhighwayconstructionandhuntedinthebush.TheYukon
wasthen,andstillisinsomeways,inatransitionalperiodfromlivingoffthelandtogetting
intoaEuropeanwagebasedeconomy.”
Theparagraphbeginsbyimplyingthattheyareaccustomedtochange.Theytrekfromthe
AlaskancoasttotheYukon,whilehavinginteractionswithneighboringinlandIndiansand
Russiantraders.Furthermore,astimeschanged,theybeganraisingandsellingwildmilks
asameansofsurvival.
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Lifewasmuchsimplerwhenwelivedinthebush.Altoughwewerepoorandworethesame
clothesallyear,wewerewarmenoughandhandplentytoeat.Butevenasayoungster,I
begantobeawareofsomeoftheproblemswewouldfacelateron.Travellingmissionaries
wouldcomeandimposethemselvesonus,forexample.They’dsitatourcampfireandread
thebibletousandlectureusabouthowwehadtoliveaChristianlife.Irememberbeing
veryfrightenedbystoriesweheardaboutparentssendingtheirkidsawaytolivewithwhite
peoplewhodidn’thaveanychildren.Wethoughtthosepeopleweremeanandthatifwe
werebad,we’dbesentaway,too.Ofcourse,thatwaswhensocialworkerswerescooping
upnativechildrenandadoptiongthemouttowhitefamiliesinthesouth.Thecounsequences
wereusuallydisastrousforthechildrenwhoweretakenawayalienation,alcoholismand
suicide,amongotherthings.Iknewsomeofthosekids.Thesurvivorsarestillstrugglingto
recover.”
Theauthorbeginsoffwithsayinghowsimplerlifewasbackinthebush.Theyquickly
reinforcethisremarkbyimplyinghowtheyarepoorbutlivecomfortably.Lifeoutsidethe
bushwasfrighteningasachild.Newfaceswouldimposethemselvesonthem,andstories
ofadoptionneverendedwell.Theauthordoesacknowledgethatthiswasduringatime
whensocialworkerswerescoopingupnativechildren,.
4.
Lifeinthebush;
birthtofour
Movesoutof
thebushto
Teslin.
Siblingsgoto
residential
schools.
Movestothe
cityof
Whitehorse.
Goestoschool
inwhitehorse.
Clashof
culturesin
schoolcause
confusionand
fearamongthe
children.
Movestoa
predominantly
whitehigh
school.
Hangsoutwith
aroughcrowd
ofkids.
Yearslater,
movesto
Ottawa
Appliesto
Universityand
graduates.

Sight
Themuskegwastoospringytowalkon
Smell
Icanrememberthecosywarmthofthefire,thesmellofgoodfood,and
alwayshavingsomeonetotalkto.
Touch
Wekidshadbuiltinplaymatesandwouldspendhoursrunninginthe
bush,pickingberries,buildingraftsonthelakeandplayingin
abandonedminkcages.
Taste
Moosemeatsandwiches
Sound
SheyelledatmetoreadandwhenIdidn’tshesmashedherpointing
stickonthedesktofrightenme.
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