Lecture #7 Lecture #8
Socialization: children acquire social, emotional and cognitive Exceptionalities: 10% of children have disorder, abnormal
skills necessary to function in a community. development, i.e. child fantasizing & appropriate ages,
abnormal dev. Characterizes disorders.
Social Cruelty: “The In Crowd” (movie), children average 5
friends, support for friendless children, middle school where Characteristics: poor in school, withdrawal, sadness, anger,
most bullying happens, anti-bullying programs, reward and guilt, poor self esteem, changes in eating & sleeping,
punishment system. substance abuse, suicidal thoughts/tendencies; 1% preschool,
2-3% elementary, 6-20% adolescents.
The Self: combination of unique physical & psychological
attributes. Depression: chemical imbalance in the central nervous
system, associated with lack of neurotransmitters i.e.
Self Esteem: evaluation of worth, “looking glass self” i.e. a cat serotonin; treatment: medicines (Prozac, paxil, Zoloft),
sees lion in mirror, parenting and social groups some
selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor, social support groups
influences on self esteem, educators should develop self to control behaviour, prevention watch warning signs &
Attachment Theory: close emotional relationship b/w 2 Psychological Toolkit: genetics, personality, parents, friends,
people, mutual affection, reciprocal relationships- desire to can worsen or help them cope with mental illness/disorders.
maintain proximity- parents= first proximal relationship.
Bipolar: extreme high (mania) extreme lows (depression),
Bowlby’s Attachment Theory (Freudian): infant attachment to causes: Concordance rates- monozygotic 55%, dizygotic 5%,
caregivers (6-30 months) set foundation for personality dev.,
associated with fluctuation in neurotransmitters affecting
interruptions may cause problems later, proximal vs. distal hypothalamus (regulates emotions); treatment: medicines
attachments (close vs. distant). (many side affects) psychotherapy, counseling, behavioural
Attachment: secure= most children, empathetic & consistent supports.
parents, comfortable separation, understand consequences, Anxiety Disorders: posttraumatic stress disorder, separation
as adults have high self esteem & form healthy relationships;
anxiety disorder, obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), panic
Insecure= few children, inconsistency & neglect, poor adult disorder.
Schizophrenia: neurological disease creates confusion b/w
Daily Implications: cry-it-out techniques=learning theorist
what is real & what is not, split personality(ies), negative
(response to crying- more crying) attachment theorist symptoms= something is missing, depression, no emotion,
(response-less crying), co-sleeping to form greater
little contact w/others, positive symptoms= hallucinations,
attachment, paternal attachment important delusions, talking to self, obsessions, odd mannerisms &
Policy: 1960 allowed to visit infant 1x week now unlimited expressions, affects 1/100; excessive levels of dopamine,
present at birth, “insult” during pregnancy to disrupt
visits= policy changed to match theory/science; adoption
formation of hippocampus, prefrontal cortex, thalamus. Can
before 6 months= > attachment; child custody and maternal be hereditary; antipsychotic meds, behavioural therapy,
relationships= court rarely removes child from mother.
Mother’s Speech & Infant Vocab.: not spoken to much @
2yrs= 200 words, spoken to frequently @ 2yrs have 3x. Toxoplasma gondii infection: parasite from rodents to cats to
humans through cat feces, fatal in 1 trimester, viable in 3 rd
Daycare: high quality ECE important for social & intellectual trimester, manifestation often delayed until 20s/30s.
dev., 65% of mothers w/children < 3 work, 50% children < 5 Early warning signs: withdrawal, problems at school/work,
received child care.
difficulty thinking/concentrating, inability to sleep, trouble
License to Parent: $2 mill. Difference b/w competently & sleeping, being tired, outburst/antisocial behaviour, made up
incompetently raised kids, UN Convention article 19 protect words, suspicious/paranoid behaviour, seeing/hearing things,
children from abuse & neglect #3 ensure best interest of talking to self, laughter at seemingly nothing.
child prevail; propose a license to parent save $. Bio Right? Lecture #9 Lecture #10