CHYS winter exam review.docx

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Child and Youth Studies
Lauren Mc Namara

Lecture #7 Lecture #8 Socialization: children acquire social, emotional and cognitive Exceptionalities: 10% of children have disorder, abnormal skills necessary to function in a community. development, i.e. child fantasizing & appropriate ages, abnormal dev. Characterizes disorders. Social Cruelty: “The In Crowd” (movie), children average 5 friends, support for friendless children, middle school where Characteristics: poor in school, withdrawal, sadness, anger, most bullying happens, anti-bullying programs, reward and guilt, poor self esteem, changes in eating & sleeping, punishment system. substance abuse, suicidal thoughts/tendencies; 1% preschool, 2-3% elementary, 6-20% adolescents. The Self: combination of unique physical & psychological attributes. Depression: chemical imbalance in the central nervous system, associated with lack of neurotransmitters i.e. Self Esteem: evaluation of worth, “looking glass self” i.e. a cat serotonin; treatment: medicines (Prozac, paxil, Zoloft), sees lion in mirror, parenting and social groups some selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor, social support groups influences on self esteem, educators should develop self to control behaviour, prevention watch warning signs & esteem. support. Attachment Theory: close emotional relationship b/w 2 Psychological Toolkit: genetics, personality, parents, friends, people, mutual affection, reciprocal relationships- desire to can worsen or help them cope with mental illness/disorders. maintain proximity- parents= first proximal relationship. Bipolar: extreme high (mania) extreme lows (depression), Bowlby’s Attachment Theory (Freudian): infant attachment to causes: Concordance rates- monozygotic 55%, dizygotic 5%, caregivers (6-30 months) set foundation for personality dev., associated with fluctuation in neurotransmitters affecting interruptions may cause problems later, proximal vs. distal hypothalamus (regulates emotions); treatment: medicines attachments (close vs. distant). (many side affects) psychotherapy, counseling, behavioural Attachment: secure= most children, empathetic & consistent supports. parents, comfortable separation, understand consequences, Anxiety Disorders: posttraumatic stress disorder, separation as adults have high self esteem & form healthy relationships; anxiety disorder, obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), panic Insecure= few children, inconsistency & neglect, poor adult disorder. relationships. Schizophrenia: neurological disease creates confusion b/w Daily Implications: cry-it-out techniques=learning theorist what is real & what is not, split personality(ies), negative (response to crying- more crying) attachment theorist symptoms= something is missing, depression, no emotion, (response-less crying), co-sleeping to form greater little contact w/others, positive symptoms= hallucinations, attachment, paternal attachment important delusions, talking to self, obsessions, odd mannerisms & Policy: 1960 allowed to visit infant 1x week now unlimited expressions, affects 1/100; excessive levels of dopamine, present at birth, “insult” during pregnancy to disrupt visits= policy changed to match theory/science; adoption formation of hippocampus, prefrontal cortex, thalamus. Can before 6 months= > attachment; child custody and maternal be hereditary; antipsychotic meds, behavioural therapy, relationships= court rarely removes child from mother. hospitalization. Mother’s Speech & Infant Vocab.: not spoken to much @ 2yrs= 200 words, spoken to frequently @ 2yrs have 3x. Toxoplasma gondii infection: parasite from rodents to cats to humans through cat feces, fatal in 1 trimester, viable in 3 rd Daycare: high quality ECE important for social & intellectual trimester, manifestation often delayed until 20s/30s. dev., 65% of mothers w/children < 3 work, 50% children < 5 Early warning signs: withdrawal, problems at school/work, received child care. difficulty thinking/concentrating, inability to sleep, trouble License to Parent: $2 mill. Difference b/w competently & sleeping, being tired, outburst/antisocial behaviour, made up incompetently raised kids, UN Convention article 19 protect words, suspicious/paranoid behaviour, seeing/hearing things, children from abuse & neglect #3 ensure best interest of talking to self, laughter at seemingly nothing. child prevail; propose a license to parent save $. Bio Right? Lecture #9 Lecture #10 Attention Defic
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