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Midterm

CHYS2P38 Midterm Review 1.docx

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Department
Child and Youth Studies
Course
CHYS 2P38
Professor
Jenny Janke
Semester
Spring

Description
CHYSSOCI2P38MidTermReviewChildhoodandYouthComplicatedCategoriesWhatdothetermschildhoodandyouthmeanAretheyenoughascategoriesofanalysisDefiningChildhoodAdolescenceandYouthDefinitionsofwhatachildisarevaguebecausewedonthavesetfactorsofwhatitmeanstobeachildThenotionofchildhoodemergedafterthemiddleagesThereisalackofconsistencyindefiningyouthEvenatthelevelofpolicyCanadaisoneofthefewnationsintheworldthatdoesnothaveanofficialyouthpolicyIn1985theUNdefinedyouthasthoseyearsbetween1525yearsandthesaysthatyouareachilduntiltheageof18BinaryunderstandingofadulthoodandchildhooddifferencesinsocialpowerpoliticalrecognitioncognitivedevelopmentandphysicaldevelopmentTermslikeChildhoodandSocietyarenotcontextualizedHistorythJeanJacquesRousseau18centuryUnderstoodchildhoodasaphaseoflifedifferentfromadulthoodandonethatshouldbeprotectedProtectionelementwasnewtothistimeperiodpeopleneverconsideredprotectingchildrenbeforeEducationwascentrallyimportantforchildrensupporteddevelopmentallyspecificeducationAlsohehadaclassbaseelementtothisviewmiddleclassPhilippeAriesMedievalEraChildrenwerethoughtofasminiadultsandweretreatedasadultsContributedtochildrenhavingtheirownhistoryInthelastcenturythenotionsofchildhoodandyouthhaveemergedassocialbeingsMajorshiftinourapproachtochildrenandoutattachmenttochildrenShiftsinUnderstandingChildhoodKeyshiftinthinkingaboutchildrenyouthoccurredfollowingtheindustrialrevolutionChildrenwerecheaplabourtherewerefewlawstoprotectchildrenandearningwenttothehouseholdThenlabourlawswereintroducedandmandatoryeducationkeychangeinchildrensrelationshiptoworkHoweversomechildrenstillhavetoworklonghourstomakeendsmeetfortheirfamilyTheImportanceofStudyingChildrenChildCentricapproachisneededarechildrenyouththesubjectsorobjectsofstudyWeneedtofocusonchildrenslivedexperiencechildrenaretheexpertsoftheirownlivesWeneedtounderstandhowchildrennegotiatetheirownlivesnothowadultshaveconstructedchildhoodContextiscriticalracegenderclassetcKeyPointsCHYSSOCI2P38MidTermReviewNouniversallyagreedupondefinitionofchildhoodyouthandadolescenceBasedheavilyonalinearchronologicalapproachwherebyageisthedecidingfactorHistoricallyiscentralnotedtheshiftingnotionsdefinitionsofyouthWeneedtostudyyouthintheirownenvironmentusingtheirownlanguageandexperiencesuseachildcentricapproachnotanadultcentriconeContextiscentralexamineraceclassgenderetcTermslikeSocietyandYouthandChildhoodsufficebutrequireheavyanalysisandcontextualizationSeminarReadingsMajorArgumentsKosminskyandDaniel2005andTilleczek2011demonstratetheimportanceofstudyingchildrenTileczek2011arguedthatrigorousresearchisneededonandforyouthThewaysinwhichtheyareactivelynegotiatingtheirsociallivesandnotjusthowadultshaveconstructedlifeforthemarecriticaltothestudyofyouthYouthpeopleandthestudyofyouthhavevariedacrossculturalandhistoricalcontextsCentralideasofbeingbecomingandbelongingIdealizedLifePhasesinEuropeanHistoryTimePeriodChildhoodYouthMiddleAgeLateYearsparenthoodPre08820204545IndustrialSociety1990Middle010AdolescentYoung3060DeathClass1020AdulthoodRetirement602030Post010AdolescentPostModern3060Retirement60Industrial1016YouthSociety1630
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