CHYS 1F90 Study Guide - The Guardian Weekly, Naomi Klein, Maternal Health

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Published on 14 Apr 2013
School
Brock University
Department
Child and Youth Studies
Course
CHYS 1F90
Professor
CHYS 1F90 Winter Review
Lecture 6 - Globalization
Global Inequality
- The extent to which income and wealth is distributed in an unevenly among the world's population
- Religion and culture
- Geography -> where are you located will influence your life
- Internal inequalities
o Within nations
o Within families
Older children might have more privileges than younger children
Globalization features of it; why it matters
- Global flow of capital and commodities & the regulated movement of people
o E.g. tourism, adoption, overseas and migrant workers, immigrants/refugees, policies (e.g.
CRC)
- Child work
o General differences between industrialized nations and the global south
Child work more common in global south
Link to poverty
Link to demand for cheap labour
Lack of supported education
o To fix:
Accessible education
Integrated approach -> combining work and education
Monitoring
Internalization of capital
- Multinational corporate expansion
- Effects in terms of production and consumption
- E.g. Klein, Naomi. 2000. No Logo: Taking Aim at the Brand Bullies
o The side around how things are made
o Another side what’s done with the garbage at the end -> often get shipped overseas and
the better parts are extracted
Bad for peoples health
- Multiple investors
- Limited skill training
- Cheap goods from problematic conditions
- Erosion of local services
Multinational corporate expansion
World Bank and Structural Adjustment Programs
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- Strings attached structural adjustment programs
- Linked to neoliberal economic policies
Maternal and child health, including example of baby formula
- Maternal health
o 1000 women die daily from preventable causes related to pregnancy and childbirth
o 2010 maternal death rates, per 100 000 births:
Chad 1100 (highest)
Estonia 2
Canada 12
o Problems
Things that can develop during pregnancy
Obstructed labour
Anemia/HIV/AIDS
Infections or bleeding after childbirth
Link to age: teens vulnerable
o Need for care
o Over 7.6 mill children under 5 die from malnutrition and preventable diseases each year
o 2012 infant mortality, per 1000 births:
Afghanistan 121.3
Monaco 1.8
Canada 4.85
- Infant and child health
o Vulnerable first month of life
o Vulnerable while under 5
o Needs for care
Nutrition, antibiotics, etc.
- Health issues affected by..
o Political and religious systems, including conflict
o Gender inequalities
o Poverty and class inequalities
o Global inequalities and aid
- E.g. Milk formula in the Philippines
o “Milking the Formula” The guardian weekly (J. Moorhead)
o Breastfeeding vs formula
o Marketing formula
o Shift to formula
o Consequences
Babies getting sick
Marketed to these babies because they have no money
Don’t boil water for formula
o Global connections
World Health Organization 1981 code
All about breastfeeding -> tried to stop the marketing of formula
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Philippine 2006 Milk Code
Not allowed to market formula
PHAP (Pharmaceutical and Healthcare Association of the Philippines)
US involvement
If you continue with this code, you might see consequences in their
investment -> milk code no longer enforced
Aid from industrialized nations
- Doesn’t address the underlying problems
- Tied-aid -> only helping them if there is a benefit to the country
Lecture 7 Class, Inequality & Poverty
Definitions of class
- Differences in wealth: “money and valuable goods a person or family controls minus outstanding
debt” (Macionis 259)
- Class as occupation, with a focus on income
- Relation to means of production
o Relational
o Proletariat, petty-bourgeoisie and bourgeoisie
- Skills, educational resources
- Class composite
Ideology of classlessness
- Idea that class isn’t relevant, even though it is
- Middle class -> most people believe they are middle class (e.g. lower middleclass)
Growing gap (in terms of class)
- Since 1980 top earnings up by 16.4%, lowest falling by 20.6%
- Net worth of those with income over $75 000 up 15.2% since 1999
- Net worth of those with income $20 000-$29 000 down 21.2% since 1999
Patterns of poverty in Canada
- Some stats
o About 1 in 10 children in poverty (2008, after tax income)
o Children and youth 38% of food bank users but only 20% of the population
o Average household debt: $112 329
o EG Campaign 2000 -
http://www.campaign2000.ca/reportCards/national/2010EnglishC2000NationalReportC
ard.pdf
- Some patterns
o Indigenous people: 1 in 4 in poverty
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Document Summary

The extent to which income and wealth is distributed in an unevenly among the world"s population. Geography -> where are you located will influence your life. Older children might have more privileges than younger children. Globalization features of it; why it matters. Global flow of capital and commodities & the regulated movement of people: e. g. tourism, adoption, overseas and migrant workers, immigrants/refugees, policies (e. g. crc) Child work: general differences between industrialized nations and the global south. Child work more common in global south. Lack of supported education: to fix: Effects in terms of production and consumption. No logo: taking aim at the brand bullies: the side around how things are made, another side what"s done with the garbage at the end -> often get shipped overseas and the better parts are extracted. Maternal and child health, including example of baby formula.

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