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[CLAS 1P95] - Midterm Exam Guide - Ultimate 14 pages long Study Guide!


Department
Classics
Course Code
CLAS 1P95
Professor
Anton Jansen
Study Guide
Midterm

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Brock U
CLAS 1P95
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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MYTHS OF THE GREEK AND ROMAN GODS
September 19th 2016 Lecture #2
Sigmund Freud 1856-1939: Very influential idea; the subconscious mind
Carl Jung 1875-1961: A student of Freud; they disagree with how myth worked.
Freud: Myths tell you something about the human mind and yourself
Jung: Myths help build up the human mind individually and collectively
COLLECTIVE UNCONSCIOUS
Sigmund Freud is very Aristotelian and Jung is Platonic
Archetypes- basic human symbols
ANIMUS (man) ANIMA (woman)
they are building blocks of individual subconsciousness.
Structuralism :
oMyths are based on the structure of the human mind
oBlends the social and the psychological
Claude Levi-Strauss: 1908-2006
oBipolar opposites: The basis of how people think (eg.raw vs. cooked)
Joseph Campbell:1904-1987
oCombines Structuralist and Jungian approaches
oMyths as a guide for the journey through life
Myths:
oTypes of media. They tell us much about the people who create them
oHopes, Fears, desires. What it means to be human
oStrong emotional impact, but are they right? (Especially when they talk about things which no one knows for
certain
Hesiod- 700 BC
oTHEOGONIA (descent of the gods)
– a theogony and cosmogony
oErga kai Hemerai (Works and Days)
PROEM ( Theogony, II.1-115)
oInvocation to the MUSES
oHesiod’s proem is extremely long
oHesiod’s proem is basically saying trust me
Hesiod’s Audience
oWhy should we believe you?
oThey QUALITY of your song
-THEME; what you’re singing about
- SKILL; how well you present
COSMOS: order, arrangement ( beautiful, means the order of things)
COSMOLOGY: studying the universe
COSMOGONY: explaining how the universe came into being and developed
Carl Sagan 1934-
CHAOS – Chasm or Void
oA gap or portal that things come out of
Names (a problem)
Transliterated Roman
KHAOS CHAOS
GAIA GAEA
OURANOS URANUS
KRONOS CRONUS
PHOIBE PHOEBE
GAIA= Earth
oIn Latin Terra “the seat of all”
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Spontaneous Generation out of Chaos
oGAIA – Earth
oTARTAROS – Underworld
oEROS – Force of attraction
oEREBOS – Darkness
oNYX – Night
Procreation
oEREBOS + NYX = (Darkness + Night)
-Two Daughters
oHEMERA (Day, first daughter)
oAITHER ( brightness, second daughter) = Ether
Parthenogenesis
oGAIA can give birth on her own
oNight and Gaia don’t need to have sex to procreate ( the deities of chaos don’t need to have sex to have
children)
oHera will try this later.
GAIA’S CHILDREN
o OURANOS – Heaven (SKY)
oPONTOS – WATERS
oOROS – MOUNTAINS
GAIA – OURANOS
oEarth and Heaven mate
1. TITANS
Themis – Order of Nature
oNatural Order
oShe becomes a symbol of ALL ordering principles.
oEg. “law and order” = “Right” in your translation
Okeanos – Ocean(us)
oThe water that circles the world; He is extremely fertile
PHOEBE – Light, Shining
oLight is different from the ordered principle of day which needs the contrast of night to exist
oSimilar to genesis
Creation of the Greek gods
oSpontanteous generation- beings simply come to existence
oParthenogenesis- Female deities give birth on their own.
oProcreation -Males & Females are required for creation of new beings
Gods and the universe
oIMMANENT – A god exists within creation (eg. the Greek gods)
oTRANSCENDENT - a god that exists outside of creation ( eg. Hebrew god)
oie. – does the god’s existence depend on creation or not
PROVIDENCE
oProvidence = foresight
oDoes creation have a plan and purpose?
oIs it a good plan and purpose?
Eg. Genesis 1:24
ANTHROPOMORPHISM
oCelestial and Geological phenomena
oHuman form and traits
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find more resources at oneclass.com
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