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Skylar and Olivia's EDUC 1F95 Review

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Trevor Norris

succeed ino SKYLAR AND OLIVIA’S education without really EDUC1495 REVIEW trying AKA The ANCIENT GREECE worst of times SAPPHO!  The teacher is meant to be a guide for his/her students.  Teacher believes in education person as a hole.  She involved students in what she was teaching through physical participation.  Important subjects: music, poetry, dance and reading.  Her aim was to teach students to be cultured women/prepared for marriage.  “First feminist educator”  Created the first school for girls.  Taught formal conduct, social graces, respectful poise. SOCRATES!  Purpose of teacher is to draw knowledge out of the student.  Asking questions is an important way for students to learn/grow.  Purpose of education is to create “morally excellent” students.  The Socratic method: inquiry/debate between two people with opposing views on a subject.  Didn’t write/read.  Asked controversial, fearless questions.  Philosopher and educator: believed education was about questions, clarifications, and standing ground. PLATO!  Teacher should choose/censor what the child learns.  Teacher should focus on all parts of the being – body, spirit, and mind.  Education is meant to help people become good, virtuous citizens.  Wrote The Republic.  Education should be based on ability rather than gender. ARISTOTLE!  The teacher is the expert.  Teach students how to act and think in a virtuous manner.  Morals and virtues taught through dialogue between teacher and student.  Goal is to produce virtuous MEN to benefit society.  Developed biology, logic, and literary criticism.  Education calms internal forces of passion and reason.  Balance achieved through moderation.  Developed the ability to reason. AKA they ROMAN EDUCATION see me Roman CICERO!  Teacher should be a skilled orator who teaches rhetoric and how to speak well in public.  Important subjects: philosophy, law, history, and practical ethics.  Oration and speaking skills/debate skills were required for all teachers. QUINTILIAN!  Teacher is an expert.  Uses developmental level of the child.  Does not use corporal punishment.  Respect the child.  Important subjects: rhetoric, reading, writing, speaking.  Taught using methods based on age of student.  Purpose was to create orator who was a good speaker.  Was the first teacher of teachers.  Organized pedagogy around child development.  Importance of handwriting.  Emphasized morality.  Limitations of homeschooling and private education. AKA rebirth of RENAISSANCE a bunch of shit! woo! ERASMUS!  Only important information should be taught to the student.  It is the job of parents to teach virtues to students using fables and poems.  Based on humanistic curriculum.  Read classics from original sources.  The content and reason are more important than rhetoric.  Education is meant to enlighten and improve as well as to promote understanding and tolerance of differences.  Development of critical thinking through emphasis on analysis and evaluation.  Aimed to combine religion with the classics.  Did not live over specialization or memorization.  Advocated broad education. LUTHER!  Teachers should take the place of parents and should be kind and loving.  Important subjects: history, singing, biblical languages, and math.  Taught through competition.  Public schooling and teaching the public how to read are important.  Promoted literacy rates of the public.  Advocated public compulsory education and teaching in vernacular education.  Promoted literacy through the bible to form a relationship with God. AKA things EDUCATION IN THE got a lot more ENLIGHTENMENT BRIGHT ;) LOCKE!  Education should be private in the home with a tutor.  Should be enjoyable.  Should recognize the child’s unique abilities and potential.  Should be practical and utilitarian.  The mind is an empty slate – tabula rasa – at birth.  We learn through experience.  All children should be taught to be capable of self- government.  Instruction through empirical method and experience.  90% of personhood is based on education.  Important for adults to reason with children.  Punishments/rewards turn children into slaves. ROUSSEAU!  The tutor is the moral mentor of the child.  Children are all born “good” and uncorrupted by society – they learn through nature (“nurture”).  Curriculum is centered around needs of child.  Purpose of education is to allow good nature of child to grow.  Children should be allowed to develop themselves.  First to create field trips.  Permissive education.  Progressivism-based thinker. WOLLESTONECRAFT!  Teachers and students can be male and female.  Schools should be supported by government.  School and family should work together.  Equal education of men and women using the Socratic method.  Education should cultivate women and give them a place in society.  Argued for liberation of women and equal
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