SKYLAR AND OLIVIA’S education
EDUC1495 REVIEW trying AKA The
ANCIENT GREECE worst of
The teacher is meant to be a guide for his/her students.
Teacher believes in education person as a hole.
She involved students in what she was teaching through
Important subjects: music, poetry, dance and reading.
Her aim was to teach students to be cultured
women/prepared for marriage.
“First feminist educator”
Created the first school for girls.
Taught formal conduct, social graces, respectful poise. SOCRATES!
Purpose of teacher is to draw knowledge out of the student.
Asking questions is an important way for students to
Purpose of education is to create “morally excellent” students.
The Socratic method: inquiry/debate between two people with
opposing views on a subject.
Asked controversial, fearless questions.
Philosopher and educator: believed education was about
questions, clarifications, and standing ground. PLATO!
Teacher should choose/censor what the child learns.
Teacher should focus on all parts of the being – body, spirit,
Education is meant to help people become good, virtuous
Wrote The Republic.
Education should be based on ability rather than gender. ARISTOTLE!
The teacher is the expert.
Teach students how to act and think in a virtuous manner.
Morals and virtues taught through dialogue between teacher
Goal is to produce virtuous MEN to benefit society.
Developed biology, logic, and literary criticism.
Education calms internal forces of passion and reason.
Balance achieved through moderation.
Developed the ability to reason. AKA they
ROMAN EDUCATION see me
Teacher should be a skilled orator who teaches rhetoric and
how to speak well in public.
Important subjects: philosophy, law, history, and practical
Oration and speaking skills/debate skills were required for all
Teacher is an expert.
Uses developmental level of the child.
Does not use corporal punishment.
Respect the child.
Important subjects: rhetoric, reading, writing, speaking.
Taught using methods based on age of student.
Purpose was to create orator who was a good speaker.
Was the first teacher of teachers.
Organized pedagogy around child development.
Importance of handwriting.
Limitations of homeschooling and private education. AKA
RENAISSANCE a bunch of
shit! woo! ERASMUS!
Only important information should be taught to the student.
It is the job of parents to teach virtues to students using
fables and poems.
Based on humanistic curriculum.
Read classics from original sources.
The content and reason are more important than rhetoric.
Education is meant to enlighten and improve as well as to
promote understanding and tolerance of differences.
Development of critical thinking through emphasis on analysis
Aimed to combine religion with the classics.
Did not live over specialization or memorization.
Advocated broad education. LUTHER!
Teachers should take the place of parents and should be kind
Important subjects: history, singing, biblical languages, and
Taught through competition.
Public schooling and teaching the public how to read are
Promoted literacy rates of the public.
Advocated public compulsory education and teaching in
Promoted literacy through the bible to form a relationship
with God. AKA things
EDUCATION IN THE got a lot
ENLIGHTENMENT BRIGHT ;) LOCKE!
Education should be private in the home with a tutor.
Should be enjoyable.
Should recognize the child’s unique abilities and potential.
Should be practical and utilitarian.
The mind is an empty slate – tabula rasa – at birth.
We learn through experience.
All children should be taught to be capable of self-
Instruction through empirical method and experience.
90% of personhood is based on education.
Important for adults to reason with children.
Punishments/rewards turn children into slaves. ROUSSEAU!
The tutor is the moral mentor of the child.
Children are all born “good” and uncorrupted by society – they
learn through nature (“nurture”).
Curriculum is centered around needs of child.
Purpose of education is to allow good nature of child to grow.
Children should be allowed to develop themselves.
First to create field trips.
Progressivism-based thinker. WOLLESTONECRAFT!
Teachers and students can be male and female.
Schools should be supported by government.
School and family should work together.
Equal education of men and women using the Socratic
Education should cultivate women and give them a place in
Argued for liberation of women and equal