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ENGL 1F91 Final: Terms To Know -- ENGL 1F91 EXAM REVIEW

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Barbara Seeber

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Section One—Terms Ballad—A form of verse to be sung or recited, comes from the oral tradition and folk culture. Characterized by repetitive and simple dictation, action moves forwarded by dialogue rather than description; contains supernatural, mysterious events. At the bottom of the hierarchy of the literature hierarchy— associated with the lower class. Example: William Wordsworth “The Lyrical Ballad”—uses the ballad to exemplify what a good poem is. By using a ballad, Wordsworth is challenging the idea of what everybody thinks about poetry by using a form that is at the bottom of the genre hierarchy, and arguing for its importance Lyric—A short-non narrative poem. It is the opposite of what a ballad is, because it focuses on state of feelings, and not on the narrative itself. Example: William Wordsworth “The Lyrical Ballad”, Tension of narrative and feelings. Topographical Poetry—A form of poetry that praises a particular place. Topos means Place. Example: William Wordsworth “Lines Written (or Composed) a Few Miles above Tintern Abbey, on Revisiting the Banks of the Wye during a Tour, July 13, 1798. Set on Tintern Abbey. Romantic Literacy/Romanticism—(1785-1832) The term Romanticism was given years later to describe the writer and the movement. We are not talking about romance or Medieval romance. The writer were influence by medieval writers like Chaucer and Shakespeare. They were reacting against 18th century writer like Alexander Pope, and Jonathan Swift, emphasis on classical models and literary decorum. The movement shows a new attention to childhood and children, that we did not see before in later centuries . Influence by the ideals of the French Revolution, ideals of democracy, individual rights, rejection of hierarchy, idea of common men as equal. Section One—Terms Example: William Blake Contemporary of Wordsworth,“Songs of Innocence and Experience”, series of poems about innocence/childhood and experience/adulthood. /Wordsworth “Tintern Abbey” his poem focuses on Romanticism ides of nature as a form of religion. Secular, nature takes the role of god. Focuses on childhood experiences as he remembers them. Childhood, a new idea brought up by the Enlightenment philosophers like Rousseau. Novels—Considered as the lowest of the literature hierarchy. Largely popular form of cultural production among common people. A genre where women writers had a lot of access, and people who were barred from formal education (disenfranchise) Example: Jane Austen “Pride and Prejudice” — follows the convention of the novel of its age. A novel about the marriage plot, ends in marriage. Despite following convention, Austen is able to tackle issues of class, and women rights. Epic Poem— is a genre of classical poetry. A long narrative poem, follow convention like the invocation of a muse. Classical poems like Homer’s Odyssey set the conventions. Example: Willliam Wordsworth “ The Prelude” is an epic poem that adapts to the epics conventions. But unlike the epic, which almost always start in the middle of the action, The Prelude does not moved in chronological order. Instead it moves through the past and the present/Elizabeth Barrett Browning “Aurora Leigh” , tries to argue for the importance of poetry and attempts to p
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