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HLSC 1F90 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Medical Test, Health Belief Model, Glycerol

Health Sciences
Course Code
Brent Faught
Study Guide

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CHSC Midterm Review
Attributable Risk: subtracting the percentage of exposure of the non-exposed from the
exposed groups gives the estimate of the attributable risk, or proportion of disease
occurrences that are attributable to exposure
Variant sexual behavior: sexual behaviors not engaged in by most people. Group sex,
transvestitism, transsexualism, fetishism, voyeurism, sadomasochism, and pedophilia
Psychological Need: need for approval and sense of purpose in life, intimacy, social
integration, nurturing, being nurtured, reassurance or affirmation of our own worth
Puberty and Development: during puberty, sex hormones play major roles in further
development. Hormones released by the pituitary gland, called gonadotropins, stimulate the
testes and ovaries to make appropriate sex hormones. Increased production of estrogen in
females and testosterone in males leads to development of secondary sex characteristics
(vocal pitch, degree of body hair, and genital development)
Types of Families: Definition any combination of two or more persons bound together over
time by ties of mutual consent. Single-parent families, communal families, extended families
Contraceptive effectiveness: Condoms 98%; Pills 99.7%; BC patch 99.7%; Depo-
Provera - 97-99%, NuvaRing 92-99.7%; Emergency pills 75%; Spermicides 82%;
Female condom 79-95%; Diaphragm 84-94%; Sponge 80-91%; IUD 99%;
Withdrawal 73-96%; Sterilization tubal ligation (cutting and tying off fallopian tubes),
hysterectomy (removal of uterus), vasectomy (cutting, and tying off vasa differentia)
Triangular theory of love: Passion + intimacy = romantic love; Intimacy + commitment =
compassionate love; Passion + commitment = fatuous love; Intimacy + passion +
commitment = consumable love
Living together without being married: cohabitation
Partnering relationships: monogamy (one partner), serial monogamy (one person before
moving to another), open-relationship (sexual involvement outside), partnering scripts
(family based, largest influence)
Social integration: ability to share our worries and concerns with someone else

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Intimacy: emotional component, which involves feelings of closeness (liking)
Nurturance: physical and emotional support and care
Assistance: seeking help outside the relationship in hopes to repair it; seeking assistance
from family, friends and medical professionals after finding out you have cancer
Trial separations: when a relationship becomes so dysfunctional that even counseling
cannot bring change, couples may move apart for a period of time which may or may not
allow healing
Breast cancer: type of carcinoma cancer (ductal and lobular), spreads through circulatory
and lymph systems, and 1/9 woman get this, treatment: lumpectomy, more advanced stage
is a mastectomy (partial or complete removal of breast)
Skin cancer: type of carcinoma cancer, A asymmetry, B border irregularity, C colour, D
diameter, E - evolving
Lung cancer: two types: small cell (grow quickly) & non-small cell (slow process), treatment:
chemotherapy or surgery, 90% related to smoking, 1/3 of all cancers are from smoking, 460
people are diagnosed each week, 390 die each week, lifetime 1 in 2 men, 1 in 6 women
Testicular cancer: 17-34, age is factor, pain in scrotum & enlarged testicle, treatment -
Young person’s cancer: testicular cancer and skin cancer
Expectations of a man and who he should marry: men tend to select their mates primarily
on the basis of youth and physical attractiveness
Hormones that signals the ovaries: FSH hormone that signals ovaries to prepare to
release egg and to begin to produce estrogen; LH hormone that signals ovaries to release
egg and to begin producing progesterone; Estrogen hormone that controls menstrual
cycle; Progesterone hormone secreted by ovaries and helps keep the endometrium
developing in order to nourish fertilized egg, helps maintain pregnancy
Recover from a major loss in a relationship: reflecting and identifying problems to prevent in
the future, consider negative aspects of an ex-partner to get in touch with emotions and
equally important to spend time remembering what you loved (evaluating your life). Takes at
least 1 year to fully recover which also takes time, support and professional help

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Cohabitation: living together without being married, after 6 months you and your partner are
considered to be in a common-law marriage
Excitement and passion that is gone in marriage: trial separation
Infatuation: liking someone
Sexual involvement outside a relationship: open relationship
Intimate relationships: close relationships with other people in which you offer, and are
offered, validation, understanding, and a sense of being valued intellectually, emotionally,
and physically
Loyalty: staying together, not breaching trust
Love: two kinds; companionate (friends and family), passionate (high arousal filled with
Fidelity: loyalty or faithfulness
Trust: reliance on another person or degree of confidence in a relationship
Declining relationships: should probably seek a counselor
Bisexuality: attraction to both sexes
Heterosexuality: attraction to opposite sex
Homosexuality: attraction to same sex
Pre-orgasmic: in women, the state of never having experienced an orgasm. Women can
learn to become orgasmic
Men that are allowed to contact their deeper emotional states: sexual activity carries the
major burden or emotional expression for many males and may explain the urgency with
which some men approach sex. May have a hard time expressing emotion state in other
Proximity of relationships: it’s a factor in partner selection – for males and females. If you
live in a closer proximity you are more likely to see an individual more often (social
gatherings etc…) and therefore you are more likely to interact and develop a relationship
with that person
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