Exam: Tuesday, April 23, 2013 (2pm – 5pm)
Philosophy Exam Review!
1) Inventory of the Mind
2) Objective Reality vs. Formal Reality
Relation between the ideas and their existence
Idea of God exists, but does God exist outside my idea of God?
Principle of Causality
Degrees of Reality
Infinite – God
Finite – Mind/Body
Essence/Essential Properties Thinking
Accidental Modes/Secondary Properties
Essence of a mountain is that it has a slope and a valley, if it doesn’t have slope or
valley; it’s not a mountain.
Essence of a triangle bound by 3 lines making an internal angle of 360 degrees.
GOD is a perfect being therefore GOD exists. Essence of GOD is being perfect, if he is
not perfect he does not exist. Not existing goes against his essence of being perfect,
therefore, in order to exist he must be perfect.
3) Essence – Pertains to and inseparable of
Existence of Mind
Essence of Mind
Existence of Body
Essence of Body
Body and Mind Together
Existence of Mind (1 Meditation)
I think, Therefore “I am”
Only thing he is certain of
Essence of Mind (5 Meditation)
Essence of Body (2 Meditation)
Extension (wax example)
Piece of wax, count of what wax is, Descartes gave analysis from
five senses (texture, smell, taste, and shape), Puts in fire > transforms (all qualities
changed), asks himself > how do I know if it is the same piece of wax, how we know it’s
the same piece of wax is through the mind alone, I know the mind better than I know the
body, Not derived through the senses but through the mind that it is the same piece of
Essence of body is the extension. …Occupies space.
Existence of Body (6 Meditation)
Source of adventitious ideas?
Meditation 6 begins with rejection of liability of th