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PHIL 1F91 Study Guide - Categorical Imperative, Eudaimonia, Soundness

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Brian Lightbody

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Class IDTurnitin: 5770459(nature1)
Exam: December 17th 9-12 exam Ian Beddis
Midterm Exam
Part A
Short answers. Define and/or explain any NINE of the following Sixteen terms(16) (you may
use example where appropriate). Each answer is worth 5 marks for total of 45 marks for
this section.
Some definition correlates to essay question
Definition/short answer:
1. Epistemology
2. The principal of utility(explain the principal, done in class)
3. Reductio ad Absurdum
4. Affirming the Consequent
5. Soundness(as applied to arguments)
6. Immortality(problems with) requires more details, little harder than above once
7. The Categorical Imperative
8. Equality and the stick argument
9. The Soma-Sema(covered in Phaedo)
10. Denying the antecedent
11. *The Guide Analogy(Meno) requires long explanation
12. *Phronesis
13. Eudaimonia
14. *Enumerative Inductive Argument
15. *The Forms(Plato)(Long answer required, can use it for essay)
16. *The Swarm Analogy(Meno)Answer is longer than other once
Problem with Rule Utilitarian
The entire point behind the Utilitarian theories is that we must evacuate each context and
apply the utilitarian calculus
But to establish rules beforehand, is to undercut the essential importance and rationale of
Utilitarianism in general.(ex: national emergencies, terrist attacks )
Deontology from the Greek Dei (one must) Ontos (Being) and logos(rule). So deontology
means the rules that we must follow as human beings
Difference between Religious Absolutism and Deontology
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