2P05 Motor Behaviour Lab exam study sheet.docx

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Physical Education and Kinesiology
Allan Adkin

2P05 Motor Behaviour Lab exam study sheet: LAB 1: Motor skill: goal oriented task, voluntary, limb movement, and must be learned Classifying motor skills according to other criteria: precise, not precise, environment) predictable, or unpredictable Gentiles taxonomy/classification (same meaning) system: - Uses multiple criteria to classify motor skills - 2 main dimensions: 1. Environmental context: stationary or in motion, regular, or fixed conditions: inter/intravoluntary 2. Action requirements: body stability, transport and no object manipulation or is object manipulation - Who uses gentiles system: teachers, coaches, practitioners, kinesologists, rehab specialists - System: - Evaluates movement capabilities, limitations stroke), selects progression of activities (learning a new sport), and progress towards a goal - Relates to T.I.E. relations: (task, individual: (structural body parts, functional emotions/feelings), environment) - How gentiles system evaluates standing walking of a patient with musclerosis deficit?  Stable environment (walking inside) (predictable environment)  Stand holding a chair (assisted)  Standing alone (unassisted)  Walk with support (assisted)  Walk with no support (unassisted)  Walk on treadmill/moving platform  Add incline, change speeds (manipulation)  Walk outside (unpredictable environment - Determine progression for hitting a baseball thrown by a pitcher in a game  T-ball (inside) (predictable environment)  Change height (manipulation)  Get rid of the T, use a pitching machine  Change speeds (manipulation)  Use pitcher (throw underhand)  Pitcher (overhand, screw balls, curve balls, etc)  Then repeat steps outdoors (uncontrolled environment) - Use T.I.E. relations and gentiles system to determine simple to complex progression that might be used to teach re-learning how to walk (patient wants to return home).  (re-strengthen muscles: stand (assisted)  Stand unassisted  Walk assisted  Walking unassisted  Walk and change directions/navigation (think sharp corners at home)  Walk on an incline  Walk on stairs with railing  Stairs with no railing  Walking outside (unpredictable environment)  Return home!! - Use chart (16 boxes) - 4 questions for gentiles system/classification: - Manipulate object - Environment moving - People moving - Conditions same/changing (overtime) - 3 reasons to use gentiles system: 1. Evaluates movement capabilities and limitations 2. Selects progression of functionally appropriate activities 3. Charts individual progress as he/she works towards desired goal - LAB 2: - Measure error in motor behaviour - Motor behaviour: scientific study of people performing motor skills - Interested in our ability to learn to control movements produces a desired outcome - Can observe changes by looking at motor performance - 2 main categories of motor performance that we measure: 1. Knowledge of results: golfer saying shot is hit far to the right 2. Knowledge of performance: didn’t take backswing far enough (quality/correction/ending) - Errors: knowledge of results - Access accuracy (over several practice attempts) - Error measures: AE (absolute error): magnitude: size CE (constant error): performance base=direction of error VE (variable error): consistency of error - Example of this is the darts lab done in class (hold a dart eyes open and eyes close and we drop it on a piece of paper to measure consistency and accuracy (keep arm in same position as well) - Describe error scores: - AE: magnitude= how far off from
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