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POLI 3Q97- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 29 pages long!)


Department
Political Science
Course Code
POLI 3Q97
Professor
Paul Gray
Study Guide
Final

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Brock U
POLI 3Q97
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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Eeryhere the etre is shakig ad oasioally, ollapsig…
Alternative parties are starting to gain traction
But what is the centre?
o In other words, what is the left-right political system?
o Communism, socialism, liberalism, conservatism, nationalism/fascism (left to right)
o Two major considerations:
The extent to which social inequalities are natural or historical
The extent to which historical change should be gradual or rapid
The National Assembly during the French Revolution (1789)
o Lower class argue to be included in political debates and policies
o People against king sit to left, people for the king sit to the right (hence left and right
wing politics)
The end of history?
o Many theorists argue the death of history, that we have achieved fundamental values
that will only progress from there
o Freedom is the most important (Haggle)
o Marx, one more revolution to achieve socialism, which will achieve the end of history
and can move upwards from there
o Since the 20th Century, there have been many proclamations of the end of one or
another crucial part of the political spectrum
o "The End of Laissez-Faire" end of liberalism, great depression, need more focus on
economics then free market, government needs more control.
o "The End of Ideology" in light of fascism, and WWII, with Allies winning, death of
extremes, free market but with some control.
o "The End of Utopia" no alternatives to capitalism (on the left however), need stringer
voices on the left.
o "The End of History and The Last Man" totalitarianism, socialism, both are discredited
by collapsing systems, capitalism is the way of the future.
o "The End of Neoliberalism" left wing economist, end of capitalism after 2008 financial
crisis.
For the foreseeable, future, perhaps what we need is the end of "the end of.."
o … ut as sholars ad as egaged eers if soiety, that eas e eed to
understand the entire spectrum
For our purposes, that means understanding how the political spectrum impacts every stage
of the public policy process
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" the study of relationships and interactions between countries, including the activities and
policies of national governments, international organizations (IGOs), non-governmental
organizations (NGOs), and multinational corporations (MNCs)" (Jackson and Sorenson 2012, 4).
Politics in the absence of an overarching authority
o Contrast with domestic politics
Thinking about IR
Climate change
Brexit
China vs USA
Trump & Putin
Key Characteristics of our world
Central role of the United States
o Power: relational and structural
o Power: hard and soft
Economic, military, cultural
International order is not permanent, change is possible (for better or worse)
Shrinking world
Changing meaning/effects of borders
o More permeable, but still important
"International" relations: More than just states
Deep interconnectedness
Globalization
An historical process involving a fundamental shift or transformation in the spatial scale of human
social organization that links distant communities and expands the reach of power relations
across regions and continents McGrew, "Globalization and global politics," pg. 20.
Contrast with internationalization
Changing from a world organized around nation-states into something else perhaps
Strengthens and deepens cross-border linkages
Increasing pace of global interactions
What drives globalization?
Technology (communications and transportation)
Economics ("capitalism's insatiable demand for new markets and profits")
Politics
Characteristics of globalization
Multidimensional
o Economic
o Security
o Legal
o Ecological
o Cultural
o Social
o Asymmetrical: uneven globalization
Some countries/policies more integrated than others
Winners and losers
Democratic deficit
Role of power
And reversible…
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