Anthropology Midterm Notes Continued...
Biological anthropology (2 types)
o Study the past through recovery of materials
o Try to reconstruct cultures
o Attempt to understand rise AND fall of civilizations
o Study of language and non-spoken communication and the human capacity for language
o Socio-linguistics: the relationship between social and linguistic variations
How do speech patterns differ because of class, gender, ethnicity..?
o Study of existing and recent cultures of the world
o How do humans organize themselves into social groups?
o We are "social beings"
o Studies the diversity of human social organization - contemporary societies
o Understand individual cultures, and compare them so that we understand how and why they
o Records the details of humans' lives so as to understand how they make a living and how they
interact with their environment = economic activity, ecological adaptation
o Determines how a society is organized in terms of its family system