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ANTH 2020

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Immigrant WomenCommunity Work and Class RelationsMain pointsImmigrant women are channeled into the lower end of the occupational hierarchy by multiple social processesThese social processes include immigration policieslack of access to language and job training the capitalist labour market and institutional interests of agencies that are supposed to help themImmigrationThroughout the history of the Chinese in Canada features of ChineseCanadian life were products of racial oppression and societal alienation and had little to do with their race or their culture Similarly the social mobility of Chinese Canadians in recent decades has little to do with their race or culture but have everything to do with immigration policy and employment opportunities Aside from the indigenous people no racial or ethnic group in Canada has received such harsh treatments as the Chinese Around the same time the Europeans were migrating to North America so were the Chinese due to social and economic forces poverty But unlike the Europeans who were generally accepted into the Canadian society and given jobs in the urban labour force they were not considered a permanent feature of Canada They were recruited as cheap labour to fill the shortage of white workersThe Canadian government passed the first Chinese bill in 1885 right after the transcontinental Canadian Pacific Railway was completed They risked their life were given dangerous jobs and only got paid half of what other workers were paid Cheap Chinese labour was greatly appreciated by politicians and businessmen during the building of the railway NonChinese Canadian labourers however werent happy about this group of cheaper workers taking valuable jobsThe message was clear Chinese people werent welcome in Canada The Canadian government went to great lengths to keep Chinese immigrants out of the country including an extremely expensive head tax on all Chinese immigrants The head tax implemented in 1885 was a tax paid by the Chinese to allow them to enter the countryThe Chinese in Canada at this time were shunned from white communities so Chinatowns developed Chinese people lived and ran businesses in these segregated areas the most well known of which was in Vancouver Ironically these unfavourable external conditions enabled ethnic business and community organization to thrive in the Chinese community Between 18751923 British Columbia passed numerous bills to restrict the civil rights of the Chinese In 1923 the federal Parliament passed the Chinese Immigration Act also known as the Chinese Exclusion Act It restricted virtually all immigration from China to Canada This act effectively stopped immigration to Canada for 24 years between 1923 and 1947Up until 1871 the Chinese in British Columbia were allowed to vote but in the first session of the
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