ALDS1001 Notes

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Department
Applied Linguistics and Discourse Studies
Course
ALDS 1001
Professor
All Professors
Semester
Winter

Description
Introduction01092013ThedifferentdisciplinesLinguisticsoDescriptivegeneralandtheoreticallinguisticsfocusesonthemicrolevelonthebuildingblocksPhoneticsminimalunitsthatmakeuplanguagesoundssignsconsonantsvowelssoundsignselectionislanguagespecificsignsaretheoreticalrepresentationofsomethingiesoundwavesexamplesymbolfconsonantPhonologythestudyofthedistributionofsoundsinalanguageHowaresoundsorganizedWhatsthesystemSoundsthatrevariantsofthesamesoundarephonemesvariouswaysaphonemeispronouncediscalledanallophoneExamplestoptoplittlekittenMorphologythestudyofwordmakingandtherelationshipbetweenwordsFocusesonunitsbiggerthansoundsbutsmallerthanwordsielikedislikelikelyAndhowtheseunitsindicategrammaticalrelationshipsielikeslikedMorphemesbiggerthanphomensbutsmallerthanwordsSyntaxthestudyofwordorderThearrangementofwordsinphrasesandsentencesRulesandpatternsielexicalcategoriesgroupsofwordsthatfunctioninthesamewaywhichwordsbehaveinthesamewayHowmeaningiscommunicatedthroughlanguageLiesbetweenlinguisticsanddiscoursestudiesAgreementiehereadsvsIreadOrdersvoIdonatedthemoneyvsdonatedIthemoneySemanticsthestudyofthemeaningofwordsphrasesandsentencesLinguistsdescriptivetypologicalgeneraltheoreticalareinterestedinthecodeusedforinformationexchangelanguagenottheinformationexchangeitselfcommunicationinrelationtoasocialcontextabstractrealizationratherthanhowitisexperiencedSeelanguagecodeiscognitiveinsidepeoplesheadsThefocusisoncompetenceoftheidealnativespeakerratherthanonperformanceALDSseescommunicationassocialAppliedLinguisticsAppliedlinguistsareinterestedinlanguageinuseinteractionsperformanceinasocialcontextPragmaticsthestudyofthewayspeopleuselanguageinconversationsHowdoescontextdefinewhatisappropriateHowdoesyourlanguagechangewhenyouspeaktoyourfriendyourparentyourbossstilllinguisticallyrootedfocusingonunitsutterancesthebuildingblocksDiscourseStudiesTheanalysisoflinguisticbehaviorwrittenandspokenbeyondthelimitsofindividualsentencesfocusingprimarilyonthemeaningconstructedandinterpretedaslanguageisusedinaparticularsocialcontextiLanguageanalysisonthebasisoftextsspokenandwritteniiLanguageviewedasatoolamediatingtoolforsocialactionwithinacontextClassTwo01092013ReviewSimilaritiesbetweenLinguisticsandAppliedLinguisticsLanguageBothcanbeusedtostudytheoriesonsecondlanguageacquisitionDifferencesbetweenLinguisticsandAppliedLinguisticsLinguisticstreatlanguageasacognitivecodethydonotlookatlanguageasaformofcommunicationDiscourseanalysisistheanalysisofhowlanguageisusedasacommunicationdeviceamongsocietiesandhowitdiffersAnutterancecanbeanythingyousayitincorporateseverythingfromtheverybeginningtotheendindiscourseitisconsideredaunitofanalysisTodayTheFocusofAppliedLinguisticsandDiscourseStudiesLanguageinuseThatisonhowlanguageservesasakeymediatingtoolthatshapesoWhowearehowwethinkandwhatweperceiveALDScanhelpustoinvestigaterealworldissuesandsolveproblemsinvolvinglanguageinuseInordertobeabletoinvestigateandsolvesuchproblemswewillexaminehowlanguageisusedlearnedtaughtManagedetcbytakingasocioculturalperspectiveoThatiswewilllookattheroleoflanguageinsocietyinitsculturalandhistoricalcontextsWhatisLanguagelanguageisacommongroundBakhtinliterallycriticstatedthattherewillalwaysbelanguagebeforeandafteryouwedrawoffofeveryonearoundustherewillneverbeanendtothechainofcocreationTenwaysweareleadastrayAfolkviewoflanguageacommonsenseviewortoptendeadendsoPeoplethinkinlanguagenoevidence
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