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Study Guide

BIOL 1902- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 60 pages long!)


Department
Biology
Course Code
BIOL 1902
Professor
Michael Runtz
Study Guide
Final

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Carleton
BIOL 1902
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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Monday, September 11, 2017
Natural History BIOL 1902A
Lecture 1 !
Natural History is NATURE
Living, breathing, dynamic animals!
Reptiles and Amphibians - Herps!
Natural History is also living, dynamic PLANTS
Natural History is the interactions between plants and animals and interactions
between animals and animals!
Natural History is the REAL WORLD, it is the only reality show!
The OBSERVATION of living plants and animals - FLORA AND FAUNA - and their
interactions. It is an OBSERVATIONAL SCIENCE!
One with a general interest in Natural History is a NATURALIST
Component 1:
Staying Alive!
Defences!
APPEARANCES!
Grasslands (fields) have vertical lines!
American Bittern - Background Matching
Forests - Light-speckled floor (patches of light) - Female Grouse!
Brown Creeper (tree bark)!
Grey tree frog - can change its colour with what it is on or next to!
Eastern Screech-Owl are Bark Mimics during the day!
Snowshoe Hare (Varying Hare) - seasonal colour change!
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Monday, September 11, 2017
Colour patterns can also be used for concealment (i.e. Songbirds have eyelines or
eyestripes - Disruptive Patterns)!
Disruptive Patterns break up the shape of the bird and allows them to blend into their
environment!
Killdeer - Contain breast bands (Disruptive Patterns)!
Canada Goose - “Chin Strap” (Disruptive Pattern)!
Loon - “necklace” (Disruptive Pattern)!
Leopard Frog - Coincident Disruptive Colouration
SHAPE
Angle-winged Butterfly !
Masquerade or background mimicry, using a shape that the body is not (Dead leaf
mimicry)!
Katydid = live leaf mimic!
Twig Mimic (i.e. Inchworm, Walking Stick)!
#2
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