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Natural History Notes Part 2-2.docx

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Department
Biology
Course
BIOL 2903
Professor
Michael Runtz
Semester
Winter

Description
BIOL1902VNaturalHistoryofOntario1Lecture13February242014GLSLforestregionoLayslargelyontheCanadianShieldoPartslayontheGLSLlowlandsoAlgonquinDomeAlgonquinProvincialParkisinhereRichbiodiversityblendofnorthernandsouthernhabitatsItsanelevatedpieceoflandscoolerlandgrowthofnorthernhabitatstemperaturesarelowerbecauseoftheelevationWesternsidelakeshardwooddeciduousforestsugarmaplebirchetcEastsidepineforestgreenyearroundParksgeologicalhistoryWesternhillsreceivedglacialtilldepositseverythingfromfinestilttobigbouldersnotsortedrockoHardwoodtreesSugarMapleYellowBirchlikethemoistureinthesoilthatisretainedfromtheglacialtilloSugarmaplesaredominant90o3layersoflifeinthemapledominatedhardwoodforest1TheCanopywherealltheleavesaretopofthetreesMaplesleavesareagreatsourceoffoodforcaterpillarsandmaplespindlegallmitesandmaplespanwormsoMostlymothcaterpillarsoScarletTanagersgleaninsectsinthecanopyNOTFOUNDINTHEBOREALFORESToRedEyeVireooneofthemostcommonbirdsinthecanopyoBroadWingedHawkmostcommonhawkinthecanopyfeedsmostlyonfrogsandsnakesGrayTreeFrogsarecommoninAlgonquinParkcamouflageinthebarkchangecolorsMaplekeysareanimportantfoodoAlsodisperseseedsTypetextTypetextTypetextoLotsofsmallmammalsfollowtheirpatternsforfoodKNOWTHESEEasternChipmunkDeerMouseWoodlandJumpingMousetruehibernatorsoBarredowlfeedsonsmallanimalsthatfeedonmaplekeyscommonhardwoodforestowloMartenfeedsonsmallmammalsAmericanBeechgrowonsouthfacingslopestheyrewarmermoresunlightTheylikewarmersoilaroundtheirrootsCanalsoformagroveformorebeechesLeavesturnacoppercolourYoungbeechtreesretaintheirleavesoldbeechtreesdontBeechnutsblackbearslovethemoTakes40yearsforthetreetoflowerandproducenutsseebearclawmarksonthetreesoBearNeststanglesofbrokenbeechtreelimbswherebearshaveclimbeduptoeatthebeechnutsalsoincherrytrees2ShrubLayerPrettyevidentintheGLSLforestregionbutnotintheBorealForestLargerleavescatchmoresunoStripedMapleShrubBarkisstripedAKAMooseMaplebecausemooselovestripedmapleoBeakedHazelmostcommonshrub
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