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CDNS 1000 Study Guide - Final Guide: Universal Declaration Of Human Rights

Canadian Studies
Course Code
CDNS 1000
Richard Nimijean
Study Guide

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Week 1:
Critical nationalism: how to think about Canada
oNeed a dynamic interdisciplinary analysis that explores the relationship between
values, national and personal identities, and public policy. Canada is about what
Canadians do, not what or who they say they are. It explains tensions, contradictions;
attempts to negotiate competing claims for inclusiveness as Canadians. It serves as an
analytical lens for studying Canada by examining the historical evolution of the
country through its policies, values, and actions.
oIdentity and nationalism: focus on actions that shape the social contract, not “national
characteristics” or “stereotypes.” You cannot assert values, they emerge from actions,
and tell us about Canada and Canadians.
oThe goal of critical nationalism is to explain change and rupture, not to criticize Canada
and Canadians.
Rhetoric-reality gaps: a tool to evaluate what governments do
oLooks at differences between rhetoric employed in defining a country and its identity
and the reality of its actions. It helps us try to understand reasons for gap and links to
notion of activist understanding of Canadian Studies.
oRhetoric versus action: “if Canada adopted environmental policies equivalent to the
average OECD country, Canadas overall environmental rank would improve from 24th
to 12th.”
Perceptive transformation: how our knowledge of our world changes how we think about it
oThe process of becoming critically aware of how and why our assumptions have come
to constrain the way we perceive, understand, and feel about our world; changing these
structures of habitual expectation to make possible a more inclusive, discriminating,
and integrating perspective; and finally, making choices or otherwise acting upon these
new understandings.
Development: define “development.” How might the concept help us understand Canada’s
role in the world? ;o8How can Canada promote global development?
oEconomic growth, promoting private sector, empowering people, including access to
education and safe water, good governance, and ownership of development agenda.
oMillennium Development Goals
oWritten goals are a good start, but it is our actions that really matter.
oIssues and events that happen far away – we may not think they affect us but they do.
We can’t solve our problems on our own; our solutions and actions increasingly affect
oGlobalization; new technologies; end of cold war – world smaller
Foreign policy and different ways governments think about foreign policy and different
approaches to explaining foreign policy
oOur foreign policy must always express the concerns of Canadians about the poor and
underprivileged in the world
How might the interdisciplinary field of Canadian Studies help us think about global issues?
What is your image of Canada as a global actor?

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How does the idea of interdependence help us understand how Canada relates to global
Why study Canada in terms of global issues? We think we have something to offer; the world
affects Canada and our actions affect the world; we need to think about how we are acting in
the world and about what we are not doing.
Week 2:
Transformations: we introduced the idea of change and transformations as important for
understanding Canada. Canada is shaped by its past and its ongoing fight for inclusion. There
are ongoing efforts to change discriminatory laws and practices, but they cannot pretend that
discrimination has left Canadian society.
oWhy Do Politicians Change?
Shifts in Canadian identity and the rise of “values politics.” For example, before
politics was about economics, but in the last 15 years, noted that elections were
increasingly about social Canada and visions of the countries, because
ideological differences on economic issues have diminished.
Left side (NDP has mainstreamed in order to gain attraction of citizens), people
on the right complain that the Harper government isn’t being conservative
enough. There have been changes in our economic thinking and people have
adopted an outlook where economic issues are not talked about and there is no
trust in politics to improve the country
National identity: looked at the question of what national identity was and how we
understand it in Canada
oIt’s linked to political community. Our sense of being Canadian is linked to a political
community called Canada; we are citizens and we value that citizenship. National
identity is multi-dimensional; nation does not equal state. Canada is a country filled with
diversity and all of that contributes to a sense of being Canadian. Canada did not have a
sense of identity like Americans, but that does not mean Canada did not have a national
identity, many of our values emerged out of our actions. So what is the Canadian
identity? Is it linked to actions, pride and confidence, values? Or is it united?
Nation branding: how it gets applied to Canada
oBrand is not a logo, but a set of unique values and a stamp of ownership. Place
remains important in a globalized world – stereotypes affect consumer and investment
decisions. Products may lead or trail national image, but they move with that image.
Domestically, patriotism may not lead to increased purchase of products.
oCanada and Canadians are well regarded, but there is still uncertainty about the brand.
Recent political and economic events may also be undermining the brand.
oRhetoric-reality gaps challenge Canadas reputation in the world, with respect to
foreign policy, development and peacekeeping.
oDiplomacy: what role does it play in improving our image aboard?
Elimination of “understanding Canada,” it counters the importance of the
knowledge of Canada abroad.
Brand Canada: Evan Potter
oNorthernness is about of our band; resources are a part of our brand.

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What lessons do you draw from changes in opinion towards immigration? How might this
affect Canada’s image in the world?
Week 3:
The complexity of the relationship between foreign policy, visions of Canada as a global
actor, and national identity – critical nationalism can help.
oDo we have on going visions of Canada and the Canadian identity at our foreign
policies or if different governments and political parties offer different visions.
Connections between foreign policy, visions of Canada as a global actor, national
identity and efforts to reshape identity.
oBrand politics: framing actions in terms of values and identity for partisan and
Continuity or rupture between competing visions and foreign policies?
We look at the two dominant visions of Canada as a global actor: the liberal internationalist
vision and the vision of Canada as a principled global actor. How different are they?
oThe two visions are rooted in our history and through our global relations.
oLiberal vision of Canada:
Canada as a middle power
Canada as a country of peacekeeping
Canada as a country of diversity
oConservative vision of Canada:
Canada as principled nation: requires increased capacity to act
Northern sovereignty
Not like the Liberals
Does the idea of a security perimeter challenge or enhance Canadian sovereignty and
promote Canadian interests?
oThe Canada-U.S. Security Perimeter negotiations are introduced, providing more
detail into challenges, constraints and opportunities for Canada as a global actor.
oContextual issue: heavy reliance on US as trading partner and a military defense
oWhy support? Border efficiency, increased labour mobility, globalized world, safety
and security.
Do government efforts to shape national identity affect your own conception of the Canadian
identity? What is the source of Canadian identity?
Is there a Harper doctrine? How different from previous governments?
Week 4:
Trends in Canadian foreign aid
oCanadians are proud of their development efforts and agree things need to be done, but
why are they so ineffective? There is a lack of political leadership and aid is seen as a
luxury. The Canadian government is generally disinterested in aid, focusing instead on
strategic elements of foreign policy (ranked 29th based on factors like predictability,
coordination with other donors and alignment with the recipient countries). Inequality
challenges understanding of Canadian citizenship, democracy and identity. Canada is
suppose to be “equality of opportunity and condition”
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