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CDNS 1102 Study Guide - Final Guide: Food Security, Local Food, Separatism

Canadian Studies
Course Code
CDNS 1102
Study Guide

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CDNS1102R Final Exam Review
Lecture 1: Canada’s Role in Global Issues
- Canadians identify as less patriotic, less boastful (when compared to the US)
- We come together as different cultures.
- Example to the world: Proud Nation
- “The World Needs More Canada”
- But Canada is about what Canadians do, not what or who they say they are…
- We must take action to real situations experienced by Canadians (children’s issues, poverty,
urban life, etc).
- We must focus on actions that shape the social contract, not “national characteristics” or
“Cool Canada” (2003)
Decriminalizing marijuana proposal
Social policy / indigenous peoples
Same-sex marriage
“No” to Iraq /
Differences with
“Uncool” Canada (2013)
The Economist
(November 2013)
Decriminalization never happened
Less-welcoming on immigration
Oil sands and environment
8 Millennium Development goals
1. Eradicate Extreme Poverty & Hunger
2. Achieve Universal Primary Education
3. Promote Gender Equality and Empower Women
4. Reduce Child Mortality
5. Improve Maternal Health
6. Combat HIV/AIDS, Malaria and Other Diseases

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7. Ensure Environmental Sustainability
8. Global Partnership for Development
Key concepts
Critical Nationalism: Examines how Canadian society operates, not the articulation of values
and identity. (What we see is often different from our beliefs)
Rhetoric-Reality Gaps
Perceptive Transformation
Lecture 2: Canada’s Image in the World
- Canada keeps changing
- “Third Pillar”: promote Canadian studies abroad
- We cannot pretend that discrimination has left Canadian society
Key Ideas and Themes
Transformations: When politicians firstly state national problems and emphasize them, just to note
later on that we have made a transformation.
National identity: Linked to political community; it is a persistent sentiment.
Nation branding: Affiliating things, places, activities, and a list of others to a Nation.
Brand Canada: Stereotyping Canada as a nation (timmies, hockey, winter)
What is national identity? How has Canada’s identity changed over time? Why?
National identity is what the world thinks of one nation. A nation will always be a nation; it is
persistent. Canada is seen as a neighbor, with the government being seen as trust-worthy around
the globe.
Why does Potter argue that it is important for Canada to project its national identity to achieve its
foreign policy objectives?
Why is Canada’s image seen as “warm but fuzzy”?
Lecture 3: Canada as a Global Actor and the Canadian Identity
The Liberal Internationalist Vision of Canada
Canada as a “middle power”

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Canada as a country of peacekeeping
Canada as a country of diversity
Key Themes and Ideas
The complexity of the relationship between foreign policy, visions of Canada as a global actor,
and national identity
Critical nationalism can help
Continuity or rupture between competing visions and foreign policies?
Lecture 4: Canada as a Concerned Nation – Wealth and Poverty
What is Poverty?
“The state of being extremely poor” (Oxford).
What does it mean to be “extremely poor”?
How do we determine if poverty exists in a country?
How do we determine that someone is living in poverty?
- Poverty rate of Canadian children 10%
- See: “Child Poverty in Canada: Why are 10 percent of kids poor?” (TVO)
Global Poverty
Almost half of the world’s wealth is now owned by just one percent of the population.
The wealth of the one percent richest people in the world amounts to $110 trillion. That’s 65 times
the total wealth of the bottom half of the world’s population.
The bottom half of the world’s population owns the same as the richest 85 people in the world.
Seven out of ten people live in countries where economic inequality has increased in the last 30
The richest one percent increased their share of income in 24 out of 26 countries for which we
have data between 1980 and 2012.
In the US, the wealthiest one percent captured 95 percent of post-financial crisis growth since
2009, while the bottom 90 percent became poorer.”
Canadian Foreign Aid
“Out of 38 aid-providing countries and institutions, Canada ranked 29th based on factors like
predictability, coordination with other donors and alignment with the priorities of recipient countries.”
(Maclean’s, April 2012)
“Canada to slash foreign aid to 12 poor countries” (Postmedia, April 12, 2012)
$377 million in cuts over 3 years (7.5%)
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